John Kralewski received his BS in Pharmacy in 1956, his Masters in Hospital Administration in 1962, and his PhD in 1969, all from the University of Minnesota. He was founding director of the Institute for Health Services Research at the University from 1977 until 1998.
About the College of Pharmacy
The College of Pharmacy was founded in 1892. Throughout the college’s history, its programs have evolved to meet the needs of the pharmacy profession. In 1892 the college initiated a program consisting of two years of professional studies leading to the doctor of pharmacy degree. To accommodate new knowledge and technology, the period of formal instruction was extended to a four-year baccalaureate degree in 1927, and increased to five years in 1954. A clinical component was added to the B.S. program in 1967. A postbaccalaureate doctor of pharmacy (Pharm.D.) program was established in 1971. The college added a six-year entry-level Pharm.D. program in 1981.
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Dr. Philip Portoghese was recruited to the Department of Medicinal Chemistry at the University of Minnesota in 1961 and was promoted to full professor in 1969. Dr. Portoghese arrived at the University with an NIH grant and has since been continuously funded through the NIH. Dr. Portoghese dedicated his career to research on analgesic receptors. His work on stereochemistry has led to paradigm shifting discoveries regarding multiple opioid receptor sites in the central nervous system. He has also designed highly selective opioid antagonists based on the message-address concept, many of which continue to be used as standard research tools. In addition to his research contributions, Dr. Portoghese also served as Director of Graduate Studies in Medicinal Chemistry from 1974 to 1986, as chair of the Department from 1974 to 1983, and as editor of the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry from 1972 to 2011.