Globalization And Its Overlooked Effects

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Globalization is perhaps one of the most timely issues discussed in class thus far. As detailed by the reading "Globalization and Collective Action", recent attention to previously overlooked effects of globalization are sparking flames into an already raging fire of controversy surrounding the concept.
Perhaps the most prominent of issues in the debate over globalization, is the compromising of humane labor laws and practices. When a multitude of countries engage in a global market, there is a good chance that each country has a unique set of labor practices/enforcement policies already in place within their nation. For example, in the poorer countries of the world (India for example) labor standards are not enforced as heavily as they are in the more developed nations (U.S.A. for example). This can be seen through the exploitation of workers in sweatshops in various countries such as China or Thailand. The enforcement policies in place in these countries are often feeble at actually enforcing established labor policies. However, due to the high demand for jobs, and small job opportunity base, the workers at many facilities in these countries are subjected to work in factories neglectful of such laws. This type of accepted exploitation accounts for the low wages that workers receive. In a globalized market, this would be a highly coveted asset to a developed economy (say the U.S.A.) looking for a low cost production line. A developed country would now have access to cheap labor not available to a developed country due to its strict labor practices. This cheap labor is often responsible for much of the outsourcing seen in the United States where jobs, once occupied by workers who were paid fair wages and given decent working conditions, are shipped to factories where workers can be paid at drastically reduced wages, making profit larger for the developed economy. This profit becomes the driving factor for outsourcing economies, despite the negative toll it takes on the workers of the poorer countries. This profit-over-worker's-rights approach casts an ugly shadow on globalization as a whole, and is one of the main reasons behind the controversy of its instigation.
This same scenario accounts for the hierarchy established due to globalization. In the latter example it is obvious that the more economically rich nation controls the people of the economically poorer nation. This creates a global class system that furthers to distance underdeveloped countries from developed countries.
In addition to the effects on the general work force of underdeveloped countries, other groups are specifically affected, many times indirectly. As the reading indicated; countries that base much of their power on their military's size and presence often project a hegemonic standard to their population. Such a standard works to put the male population in direct correlation with the countries wealth and progression. This not only suggests that females are not as vital to the economic economy as males, but it would seem to put a rather unfair pressure on the male society. A pressure to conform males to their common stereotype as the economic supporters. This same concept can be said to place women into their common stereotype, as the subordinate economic receivers.
Globalization, due to its direct correlation to the capitalistic market, is unstable at best. It is a transaction with few policing agents. It is a massive project still in its infancy. It will require work from ALL nations if expected to succeed. Many stipulations and laws will need to be in place before globalization can be expected to work and benefit all equally, and even then it remains subject to violations that, even through the smallest thread, could unravel the delicate tapestry of global transaction.

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