Architecture & Mathematics
Mathematics has been an integral part of architecture since the first constructed shelters. No structure could be thought of without considering even the most basic of mathematics. Some visionaries had the desire to explore the incorporation of mathematics into their architecture, such as the architects of the Giza pyramids. These three iconic structures remain an astonishing feat. The Giza pyramids were constructed from 2570 B.C.E. to 2500 B.C.E. The architects stretched the possibilities of their time by creating geometrical structures that are within inches of mathematical perfection. These structutes are more accurate than some buildings of the 21st century.
Another great example of the presence of mathematics in architecture is the Pantheon in Rome. Dating back to 118 A.D., the Pantheon has become one of the most symbolic structures in the history of architecture. It has achieved this through the use of simple geometric shapes. Similar to the architects of the Giza pyramids, the architect of the Pantheon had the desire to push the boundaries and limitations of his time. This time the architect chose to use geometric shapes to form a symbolic temple. The use of the dome is symbolic of the heavenly sphere, creating a large open ceiling that is pierced with a circular opening, known as the oculus. The architect designed the Pantheon, so that theoretically a sphere would fit perfectly within the interior of the structure; in essence, designing the entire structure around the heavenly sphere.