Group Critique #2
The second group to present that caught my attention focused on the first Millennium Development Goal, which is eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. Their focus was on the country of Bolivia, in South America. They started off by giving a background of the goal alone and then how it pertains directly with Bolivia. They stated that about 1/6th of the world lives below the international poverty line, as of 2004. Also about 16,000 children die from hunger-related causes, which is equivalent to one child every five seconds. Bolivia itself is the poorest country in South America and one of the main factors is that it is land locked. Also another factor that adds to the poverty and hunger problem is the landscape, the Andes Mountains, and how it makes it hard for access around Bolivia. Also the wealthier people are located in the valley where the urban center is and the lower class people live in the mountains that surround and that lack of access between the two is what a contributor to the problem.
This group looked at a few different solutions to this problem that are starting to be implemented in other countries and they also incorporated some new ones. One of the first solutions that caught my attention is the pig farm which is being used by the Salvation Army. They give villages or families two pigs one of each sex and they educate the people how to raise them, breed them, sell them and use them for food. Another idea that is used by the Salvation Army is the green house, which is where the Salvation Army builds a village or family a sustainable and durable green house. This allows for the people in the mountains to be able to grow their own food for consumption and sales, in an area that is cold yet has plenty for sunlight. These solutions are looked at as self sustainable and very good for these areas because the spread themselves. One other solution that they had that really stuck out was the recycle farm. This is basically where you have a chicken coop over a pond of water and next to the pond you have gardens. The chicken droppings fall into the pond and then you take the water and use it as a fertilizer/watering compound for the garden.
All these ideas seem like viable solutions to the problems that Bolivia is experiences. Also it skips the whole policy making that the government usually will implement to try and solve the problem. With Bolivia there isn’t a stable government to implement such policies so overall these solutions are ideal for a country like Bolivia. This group has come up with a lot of great ideas for the problem at hand.