Africa and the Middle East Today. Greetings. Welcome to another episode of the podcast. This episode focuses on events impacting Africa and the Middle East since the end of World War II. To limmediately download the file, click on the following liknk Download file If you are already subscribed to the podcast through iTunes, it should automatically arrive soon.
Africa and the Middle East Since World War Two. Both Africa and the Middle East have emerged from the shadow of colonialism in the twentieth century with great potential for carving their own successful futures. Both regions have, however, been beset with problems that have prevented them from reaching their destinies. These problems are in part caused by the affects of colonialism. In Africa, arbitrary boundaries imposed from outside have exacerbated ethnic divisions and have led to violent struggles. Also, most African nations were ill-prepared for independence and have struggled with inexperience and limited economies. Lack of infrastructure, overpopulation, long term drought, famine and disease plague modern Africa. In the Middle East vast oil reserves promise prosperity to some but also bring unwanted outside influence. Most Middle Easterners struggle with their identities – nationalism versus Islam. Within Islam there is not agreement on the extent of religious involvement in politics and society, and many residents of the area still resent the imposition and dominance of Western culture during colonialism. Middle Easterners defied colonial rulers by remaining true to their faith, which became a symbol of their identity and pride. With the concern over the declining morals of contemporary society, fundamentalism has become a strong counter in many Middle Eastern societies – much like the rise of religion in Western culture. The region is also part of an ongoing struggle between Arabs and Israelis (another vestige of imperialism), and the failure to successfully settle the issue creates ongoing tensions that usually erupt in violence.
Check these sites out if you want to learn more about the topics
To learn about OPEC, visit http://www.opec.org/
To learn more about the United Nations and Human Rights, visit http://www.un.org/rights/index.html
To learn more about women's issues around the world, visit http://www.wic.org/To learn about the Organization of African Unity (OAU), visit http://www.itcilo.it/english/actrav/telearn/global/ilo/law/oau.htm
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David Arendale and the rest of the Then and Now Podcast Team