The History of Time
Since I was a child I had always wondered how it was decided that we had 7 days in a week and 30 days in a month. I wondered why the calendar week started on Sunday and ended on Saturday when the Latin American calendar started on Monday and ended on Sunday. Until I read Roy's Making Societies, I had never considered the fact that other societies (beyond American and Latin American) might have different calendars or week schedules. It is fascinating to me to learn that the names of the days came from the planets, and that in other romantic languages they mean the same thing.
I always assumed the week was based on the Christian religion. Since the bible says that God rested on Sunday or Sabbath, it made sense to me that it would be the first day of the week. It seems however that the Greeks developed the first Angel-European week and then it was spread throughout the Mediterranean but Alexander the Great. The Romans and the Jews eventually fused their calendars through Christianity. The new calendar ended up moving throughout the globe.
I find it so interesting how basically all of our calendars and our schedules depend on the moon and sun. The tides come in the evening and go out in the morning. They are controlled by the moon and they control the rotation of the planet. But according to Making Societies , the calendars, even though they are based on the moon they do not directly correlate with the days of the month or the seconds in the day.
The Anglo-European calendar is linear and the Aztec calendar is circular which also reflects the differences in the perception of time. I must agree with the book that even after having the Aztec calendar explained to me I have yet to be able to understand it.