1. 1713-1723. Late Baroque period, mostly in regard to events in Italy at that time. During those ten years, Antonio Vivaldi wrote his first opera in 1713 and 19 subsequent operas.
2. We will focus on the Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi and how his classic work "Arsilda, regina di Ponto" was both shaped by Italian opera of the time as well as helped to define the genre.
3. Specifically starting in 1713 Italy was under foreign domination under Habsburg Austria after just being under the foreign rule of Habsburg Spain prior to 1713. This is known as the Early Modern Period in which Italy, just like a multitude of other areas around the world, such as Southeast Asia, were being governed by foreign lands. Capitalism started to bloom into world order as well, first beginning in Northern Ireland which centered around independent production and the selling of goods for profitable turnout. Colonization was also spreading throughout Europe heavily at the time in which Christianity spread rapidly throughout various Italian areas.
4. Our group wanted to find an artist that not only fit within the Baroque period of Italian Opera, but one that was interesting and progressive. We played with a few other composers (Handel, Cavalli), but settled on Antonio Vivaldi due to his great selection of operas, some even controversial, and history's consideration of him as a founder of the Baroque Opera. We chose the time period 1713-1723 because it is not only manageable, but Vivaldi's opera "Arsilda,Regina di Ponto" opened during this time (a very controversial piece) and the rest of his successful works shortly followed.
Landon, H. C. Robbins. Vivaldi: Voice of the Baroque. [London]: Thames and Hudson, 1993. Print.
Pincherle, Marc. Vivaldi: Genius of the Baroque. [New York, NY]: W. W. Norton and Company, 1957. Print.
Heller, Karl. Antonio Vivaldi: The Red Priest of Venice. [Portland]: Amadeus Press, 1997. Print.
"Italy". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. April 30, 2006.
Cross, Eric. Vivaldi as Opera Composer: 'Griselda'. The Musical Times. Vol. 119, No. 1623 (May, 1978), pp. 411-413+415-416. Musical Times Publications Ltd.
Macklem, Mary PHD.Vivaldi: Arsilda, Regina di Ponto. Opera Today.