October 2012 Archives

Obituary Analysis

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By Sarah Barchus

In an obituary about Gerhard Haukebo, who innovated language learning by creating the Concordia Language Villages in 1961, reporter Jim Buchta for the Star Tribune began with an alternative lead.

The lead was like an introduction to the nut-graph portion of the standard obituary lead. Buchta characterized Haukebo as a small town boy with big dreams and added in a cute blurb about how he believed he could dig a hole to China.

The little anecdote cleverly led into the next paragraph, which used the mention of China to introduce Buchta's travels and to start hinting at the news value of the man's life. This second line of this paragraph is where the reporter stated when and where Buchta died.

Buchta's death had news value because he started Concordia Language Villages, camps in the United States and China that have taught 15 languages to over 11,000 children from around the world. This accomplishment is significant, not only because of its widespread impact, but because Buchta's idea was ahead of the times when he proposed it 50 years ago, Christine Schulze, vice president for Concordia Language Villages at Concordia College said.

Besides Schulze, Haukebo sourced the daughter, Heidi Winter, who spoke about who her father was beyond his accomplishments.

The obituary was different from a resume because it contained those personal elements. The only resume-like features were the mention of his involvement in the Marine Corps, where he attended school, and the a couple significant job positions he held. These facts were scattered throughout the piece to keep it from becoming list-like and mechanical.

Disney to buy Lucasfilm for $4 billion

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By Sarah Barchus

The Walt Disney Company announced Tuesday that it would buy Lucasfilm for $4 billion, the Cable News Network reported.

Disney will pay for the film company's rights with $2 billion in cash and 40 million shares of Disney's stock, making George Lucas a significant shareholder, CNN reported.

Disney will own the rights to the "Star Wars" and "Indiana Jones" franchises and Industrial Light & Magic and Skywalker Sound production companies, the Star Tribune reported.

The acquisition expands Disney's media property, which includes Pixar, the Muppets, Marvel, ESPN and ABC, the Star Tribune reported.

Disney CEO Bob Iger said the deal is the result of the Lucas's transition plan that he started about a year and a half ago when Lucas "began contemplating a form of retirement," CNN reported.
"It's now time for me to pass Star Wars on to a new generation of filmmakers," CNN reported George Lucas said in a written statement. "I've always believed that Star Wars could live beyond me, and I thought it was important to set up the transition during my lifetime."

Disney plans on continuing the Star Wars franchise through a new trilogy, the first film, Star Wars Episode 7, to premier in 2015, the Star Tribune reported. After the trilogy Disney plans to release a new Star Wars movie based on fringe characters every one or two years and is considering creating a television series, CNN reported.

Fans theorized about the new movies on Twitter, causing topics like "Star Wars," "LucasArts" and "Disney" to trend, the Star Tribune reported.

Current co-chairman of Lucasfilm Kathleen Kennedy will become the Lucasfilm's president and report to Walt Disney Studios Chairman Alan Horn, CNN reported. As the new Star Wars movies's executive producer, Kennedy said Lucas will continue to have a key advisory role, the Star Tribune reported.

"My Yoda has to be there," she said, the Star Tribune reported.

Lucas said he looked forward to the transition, the Star Tribune reported. "I get to be a fan now," he said. "It's a lot more fun actually, than actually having to go out into the mud and snow."

Sandy claims 38, leaves millions without power

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By Sarah Barchus

Hurricane Sandy claimed the lives of at least 38 people and left millions on the East Coast without electricity as it drove ashore Monday night, the Star Tribune reported.

Sandy's 80 mph winds and record 14-foot-high water walls thrashed lower Manthatan, flooding the World Trade Center construction zone and forcing the New York Stock Exchange to remain closed for a second day, the first time since the Blizzard of 1888, the Star Tribune reported.

Sandy also flooded NYU Langone Medical Center's basement, displacing 260 patients as well as sick newborns that nurses had to carry down nine flights of stairs due to power outages. Babies on respirators had to receive air from manual pumps during transport, the Cable News Network reported.

In addition to the wind and water, fire menaced Queen's Breezy point neighborhood, burning over 80 homes to the ground, CNN reported.

Sandy also caused blizzard-like conditions in Appalachian states with more than 2 feet of snow expected in some areas, the Star Tribune reported.

New York, was closed to cars, trains, and airplanes, the Star Tribune reported. Although people's travel was restricted, Sandy 's winds reached beyond state borders and caused Lake Michigan's waves to climb to 20.3 feet, tying the record high, the Star Tribune reported.

The government predicted Sandy's wind damage alone could result in more than $7 billion in economic loss. The full damages remain to be seen, CNN reported.
"The path of destruction that she left in her wake is going to be felt for quite some time," New York City Michael Bloomberg said.

Turkish police clash with Kurdish protesters

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By Sarah Barchus

Police used water cannons to control several thousand Kurdish protesters marching to a prison in southeastern Turkey Tuesday, the Star Tribune reported.

The Kiyarbakir prison is one of dozens where inmates linked to Kurdish rebels are on hunger strikes to protest the jail conditions of rebel leader Abdullah Ocalan and to demand more rights for Kurds, the Star Tribune reported.

The clash followed Monday's episode when Turkish riot police also fired water cannons and tear gas at opposition groups during a Republic Day rally, the Cable News Network reported.

The governor of Ankara banned the rally planned by groups unsupportive of Turkey's Islamist-rooted government. Kemal Kilicdaroglu, leader of the Republican People's Party, the largest opposition party in Turkey, and others marched on, CNN reported.

Kilicdaroglu addressed the gathering of several thousand, which was held a few minutes away from the Ankara fair grounds where the Turkish President Abdullah Gul and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan attended the government's traditional Republic Day parade, CNN reported.

Activists said that around noon, riot police started firing water cannons and tear gas at the crowd, CNN reported.

"This is the shameful face or our alleged democracy," Alper Kafa, an opposition party activist and general director of the Association of Public Conservatory Graduates said on the phone with CNN. "On the 89th anniversary of our great leader's foundation of the republic, in the place where he made the declaration, they used gas against the people. It is so very sad."

Prime Minister Erdogan of the Justice and Development Party won the parliamentary elections 10 years ago. Since then, Erodgan has expanded the economy and curbed the military's power over Turkish politics, but has been criticized for his authoritarian policies by human rights and freedom of expression groups, CNN reported.

"To ban even a small innocent rally. ... To think that any rally is essentially a hidden effort to overthrow the government, which is the paranoia in Ankara right now, points to an autocratic mindset," Asli Aydintasbas, a columnist with the Turkish daily newspaper Milliyet, said, CNN reported.

Erdogan said the rebels, which Turkey and its Western allies view as terrorists, are using the hunger strikes as blackmail and that the government will not bow to it, the Star Tribune reported.


Feds investigate rejection of St. Anthony mosque

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By Sarah Barchus

The U.S. Attorney's Office in Minneapolis announced Monday that it is investigating St. Anthony's City Council's rejection of a proposed Islamic center, the Star Tribune reported.

Spokeswoman for the U.S. Attorney's Office Jeanne Cooney said the administrative development formalized the investigation that started as a preliminary review in June, the Star Tribune reported.

The City Council voted 4-1 on June 12 to deny the Abu Huraira Islamic Center's request to use part of an old building in St. Anthony's light industrial zone for prayer space, the Pioneer Press reported.

The City Council's decision followed a meeting in which some St. Anthony residents voiced their opposition to the center and some made disparaging remarks about Islam, the Star Tribune reported.

The Minnesota Chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations approved of the investigation. Executive Director Lori said the decision might have violated the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act and federal law's equal terms clause, which prohibits discriminating between secular and religious assemblies, the Pioneer Press reported.

"There is a daycare housed in that same building. That is secular assembly and the city is saying you can't have a religious assembly in the same building... that doesn't make sense," Saroya said, the Pioneer Press reported.

St. Anthony Councilmember Hal Gray said the daycare center and the union located in the light-industry zone is acceptable because the center assists the workers with childcare and the union facilitates industry, the Pioneer Press reported.

"The City Council's decision to deny the permit was made after months of study and careful consideration," St. Anthony City Manager Mark Casey said, the Pioneer Press reported. The ruling held that the center would be incompatible with the light industrial zoning, the Star Tribune reported.

The Council on American-Islamic Relations said that this is the fourth time a mosque proposal was rejected in Minnesota this year, the Pioneer press reported. The other projects in Plymouth, Willmar and Bloomington were eventually approved, the Star Tribune reported.

Police search for driver in fatal hit-and-run

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By Sarah Barchus

Police searched Sunday for the hit-and-run driver who killed a young Augsburg College freshman on Saturday, the Star Tribune reported.

Police have asked for the public's help to locate the driver and vehicle that hit Austin Conley, 20, at 2:45 a.m. Saturday near the corner of 3rd Street N. and 1st Avenue, Minneapolis police spokesman Sgt. Steve McCarty said, the Star Tribune reported.

Police said the car that Conley was described as dark-colored four-door, possibly a Chevy Lumina, with front-end damage, the Star Tribune reported.

Conley's sister, 21-year-old Alissa Conley, said Sunday that her brother's death was devastating, the Star Tribune reported. "He was a deeply caring person who never judged others, never gossiped, never said a negative word," she said. "He was truly, truly loved."

Conley said her brother grew up in Minneapolis with his parents, an older brother and older sister, and herself, the Star Tribune reported. She said he was a hard-working student majoring in business and management, the Pioneer Press reported. Conley said her brother was good with computers loved making rap music. He hoped to work for the music industry after graduation, Conley said, the Star Tribune reported.

Conley died at the Hennepin County Medical Center Saturday. Family and friends will remember Conley on Monday at a 10:20 a.m. service at Augsburg's Hoversten Chapel, college President Paul Pribbenow said, the Star Tribune reported. In order "to honor Austin's life and his contributions to the Augsburg community," Pribbenow said another gathering is being planned, the Star Tribune reported.

Police asked anyone with information about the hit-and-run to call 612-673-2941, the Star Tribune reported.

Crime Stoppers of Minnesota offered a $1,000 reward for information leading to a conviction. Tips can be anonymous and can be reported by calling 1-800-222-8477 (TIPS), texting TIP674 and the information to 274637 (CRIMES), or by going online to crimestoppersmn.org, the Star Tribune reported.


Syrian Government agrees to Cease-Fire

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By Sarah Barchus

The Syrian government agreed to a cease-fire during the upcoming Muslim holiday, U.N.-Arab League envoy to Syria said Wednesday, ABC News reported.

Lakhdar Brahim said some rebels agreed to the 4-day cease-fire during the Eid al-Adha holiday, which starts Friday, ABC News reported. However, Foreign Ministry spokesman Jihad Makdessi said the General Command of the Army and the Syrian armed forces are still considering the effects of a cease-fire and will announce the final decision on Thursday, the Cable News Network reported.

After 19 months of violence and the massacre that the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said killed 16 Wednesday, opposition groups are skeptical that the government will follow through with the cease-fire, CNN reported.

"Based on our long experience in dealing with the Assad barbaric regime, we know that the Syrian government is just buying time and playing on words," spokesman for the Syrian National Council George Sabra said, CNN reported.

A cease-fire was central to the previous Syrian envoy and former U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan's six-point plan for a peaceful transition. However, both sides violated the agreement and a truce was not made, ABC News reported.

"The whole world knows that the Syrian regime cannot be trusted and doesn't have any credibility in fulfilling any promise that they make to anyone. ... The crisis is too complicated in Syria, and the Assad regime is trying a diversion," Sabra said, CNN reported.

Sabra said the rebel Free Syrian Army will agree to the cease-fire if the "Syrian regime doesn't try to take advantage of the momentum so they can gain more territories and prepare to launch more attacks to kill our innocent civilians," CNN reported.

By Sarah Barchus

The Italian court a convicted six scientists of manslaughter on Monday for failing to predict the devastating earthquake that struck L'Aquila in 2009, the Cable News Network reported.

The six scientists from the Italian National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology and a member of the Civil Protection Agency are held responsible for the 300 deaths that resulted from the 6.3 magnitude earthquake. The scientists and the official face six years in prison if their appeals are denied, CNN reported.

After a series of small earthquakes and six days before the L'Aquila earthquake struck, the National Commission for the Forecast and Prevention of Major Risks reassured Italian residents that a major earthquake was possible but not likely, ABC News reported. After the disaster, a group of the residents sued the scientists and the official for failing to warn them of the danger.

In order to support those on trial, 5,000 scientists from around the world signed a letter saying it is impossible to predict an earthquake and therefore the court was trying science, ABC News reported.
Luciano Maiani, a physicist and the chair of the High Risks Committee, said that the conviction was a mistake and the scientists are "are professionals who have spoken in good faith and were not driven by personal interests," ABC News reported.
"It is manifestly unfair for scientists to be criminally charged for failing to act on information that the international scientific community would consider inadequate as a basis for issuing a warning," the ABC News reported the letter said.

Aldo Scimia, whose mother was killed in the earthquake, said the State failed its main duty to provide security, ABC News reported.

David Oglesby, an associate professor at the earth sciences faculty of the University of California, Riverside, said he understands the frustration people feel toward events outside their control and the grief they feel over lost loved ones, CNN reported. But "convicting honest scientists of manslaughter does nothing to help this situation, and may well put a chill on exactly the kind of science that could save lives in the future," CNN reported Oglesby said.

The convicted will remain free during the appeal process, CNN reported.

Mom regularly did heroine with 12-year-old daughter

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By Sarah Barchus

A Minnesota mom who admitted to police that she regularly smoked heroine with her 12-year-old daughter appeared in court Monday, the Star Tribune reported.

Rebecca Rachelle Hill, 37, was charged with child endangerment, second-degree drug sale and motor vehicle theft after she was arrested on Oct. 14 at the Mall of America for shoplifting with her daughter, the Star Tribune reported.

According to charging documents, Hill gave originally gave police a fake name and said she was from California. When police verified that the name did not exist, Hill and her daughter clung to each other and cried, the Pioneer Press reported.

After police discovered Hill's true identity, her daughter was released to the girl's grandmother. Hill is being held in Hennepin County Jail, the Pioneer Press reported.

The day after the arrest, the girl's father called police and said his daughter was "feeling terrible" and had told him that her mother gave her marijuana and smoked heroine with her three times a day for the past two weeks, the Star Tribune reported.

The girl was hospitalized for withdrawal at the University of Minnesota Amplatz Children's Hospital where doctors found both drugs in her system, the Star Tribune reported. After the girl was released, her father said she was making progress in therapy and in school. According to court documents, the girl said that was anxious and had been cutting herself, the Star Tribune reported.

Hill told police that she and her daughter were homeless and were living "here and there," the Star Tribune reported. According to the charges Hill borrowed a car from her aunt and didn't return it. The documents also said Hill told police that she planned to sell the stolen clothing to "a lady" she knew.

Hill told police that her daughter "likes to do the same things that she does and that (she) 'most likely' uses heroin because she does," the Pioneer Press reported.

Bloomington Police Detective Christopher Yates said Monday that this was one of the worst narcotics cases he has seen, the Star Tribune reported.

"I've seen cases with kids involved, but never where the mother was ever actually getting the kid high," the Star Tribune reported Yates said.

Hill's bail is $75,000, or $50,000 with conditions to be drug-free and stay away from her daughter. Her next court appearance is scheduled for Nov. 19, the Star Tribune reported.

The girl's father said his first priority is "taking care of my daughter," the Star Tribune reported. He will petition for his daughter's custody at a hearing this week.


By Sarah Barchus

The International Cycling Union announced Monday that it will not appeal the United States Anti-Doping Agency's decision to prohibit Lance Armstrong's participation in future Olympic games, The New York Times reported.

The ICU's decision formally stripped Armstrong of the Tour titles he won form 1999-2005, The New York Times reported. Armstrong's name will also be removed from the Tour de France record books.

Christian Prudhomme, the race director of the Tour, said the Tours that Armstrong won will not have an official winner because many of the other cyclists were also linked to doping, The New York Times reported.

The U.S. Anti-Doping agency found "overwhelming" evidence that Armstrong participated in "the most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program," the Cable News Network reported.

Pat McQuaid, the president of the cycling union, said "Lance Armstrong has no place in cycling," CNN reported. McQuaid said "We've come too far in the fight against doping to go back to the past," The New York Times reported.

Armstrong was accused in June of doping and encouraging teammates to take performance-enhancing drugs. Armstrong denied the charges, but in August he dropped out of the legal battle for his family's sake, The New York Times reported Armstrong said.

As a result of the accusations, Armstrong lost major supporters like Nike, and he stepped down as chairman of his cancer charity, The Lance Armstrong Foundation, The New York Times reported.

The French Cycling Association repeated its request that Armstrong repay the nearly $4 million he received for winning the Tours, CNN reported.

The International Olympic Committee is considering taking away the bronze metal that Armstrong won at the 2009 Sydney Olympics, The New York Times reported.

The World Anti-Doping Agency has 21 days to decide if it wants to appeal the U.S. Agency's decision. If it doesn't appeal, Armstrong's case will be closed, The New York Times reported.


By Sarah Barchus

A Wisconsin man shot seven women, killing three, at a spa in a Milwaukee suburb Sunday before he killed himself, the Pioneer Press reported police said.

Radcliffe Haughton, 45, went to the Azana Salon and Spa in Brookfield where his wife works and shot seven women and lit a fire before taking his own life, the Cable News Network reported police said.

During a six-hour search for Haughton, police locked down the popular mall across the street, a nearby country club and the hospital where the survivors were taken, the Pioneer Press reported. Brookfield Police Chief Dan Tushaus said the locked areas and the size of the two-story and 9,000-square-foot spa, as well as the discovery of a potentially explosive propane tank near the source of the fire, slowed the search, the Pioneer Press reported.

Tushaus said police discovered Haughton dead in one of the locked areas of the spa, with what appeared to be a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head, the Pioneer Press reported. Police also found the bodies of the three women victims in the spa.

Police are still working to identify the victims, Tushaus said. The four gunshot survivors, between the ages of 22 and 40, were taken to Froedtert Hospital in Milwaukee, CNN reported.

The hospital's director of surgery Dr. Gary Seabrook said that one victim is in critical condition, another's condition is satisfactory, a third will need surgery and is being stabilized and the fourth was admitted but does not need surgery, CNN reported.

Haughton appeared in court Thursday and was ordered to stay away from his wife for four years, after he admitted to slashing her tires, the Pioneer Press reported.

Police are trying to figure out why the shooting occurred and determine if Haughton's wife is among the victims, CNN reported.

Speech Analysis

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By Sarah Barchus

In a Cable News Network article that addressed Hilary Clinton's statement about the Benghazi attack, the reporter exemplified the traditional speech coverage structure and connected the event to its effects on U.S. politics to help readers understand the overarching importance of the statement and the event.

The lead included the who (Secretary of State Hilary Clinton) because she is well know, the date (Monday) and the most important point of the statement (the claim of responsibility).

The lead is followed by a long quote that supports the main point mentioned in the lead. The second paragraph begins with "I take responsibility," which clearly connects to the overall theme of Clinton's statement and the article.

The next paragraph summarizes what Clinton said about the current investigation, which is then followed by a block quote reiterating the summary in Clinton's own words.

Next, the reporter chose to remind readers what happened in Benghaz. The reporter then introduced a context paragraph referring to the Vice Presidential debate and what Joe Biden said on the issue.

The reporter used two more block quotes by Clinton further iterate the issue's effects on America's political climate in light of the upcoming election. The reporter used these quotes as a natural transition to introduce the opposition's view on the matter and to present reactions from Republicans on Clinton's statement.

To close the article, the reporter summarized Clinton's goal to prevent future attacks and ended with more direct quotes on Clinton's aims and strategy.

Because the reporter used substantial direct quotes, the article focused on Clinton's words and thus maintained a common thread. The reporter also gave the readers a picture of the broad effects of the Benghazi attack by including other people's quotes and background content outside of Clinton's statement.


Radovan Karadzic begins war crime defense

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By Sarah Barchus

Radovan Karadzic, former Bosnian Serb leader, began his defense Tuesday against war crime charges for his actions during the Balkan wars, ABC News reported.

Karadzic's trial is held at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia at The Hague in the Netherlands, the Cable News Network reported. Karadzic is accused of "ethnically cleansing" regions claimed to be Serbian of Muslims and Croatians, CNN reported. He will also defend himself against charges of annihilating 7,000 Muslims in a camp at Srebrenica and killing 12,000 civilians during the siege of Sarajevo, ABC News reported.

The early 1900s split of multiethnic communist Yugoslavia led to one of the grisliest conflict in Europe since WWII. ICTY head of communications, Nerma Jelacic,, said an estimated 140,000 people died in the wars, CNN reported.
At court, Karadzic said the media invented charges against him and that the number of reported victims were three to four time too high, ABC News reported.
Karadzic said his ethnic rivals plotted the violence but he "did everything within human power to avoid the war and to reduce the human suffering of all civilians," CNN reported.
"I should have been rewarded for all the good things that I've done," Karadzic said, CNN reported.
Karadzic was indicted in 1995. In 2008 he was captured in Belgrade, Serbia, after disguising himself and practicing alternative medicine in the Serbian capital for over a decade, CNN reported.
The presiding judge O-Gon Kwon of Korea has granted Karadzic 300 hours to defend himself during which time Karadzic plans to call 300 witnesses, ABC News reported.
The Karadzic gave his opening statements in March 2010, and the trial is expected to end in 2014, CNN reported.

By Sarah Barchus

A St. Paul man was sentenced to six months in jail Tuesday for threatening and attacking his son's hockey coach last year in Inver Grove Heights, the Pioneer Press reported.

Thomas Tonda, 56, pleaded guilty in August to one count of felony terroristic threats, and a misdemeanor assault charge was dismissed, The Pioneer Press reported.

According to the charges, Tonda threatened the Inver Grove Heights-South St. Paul PeeWee hockey coach, Terry Johnson, and put him in a chokehold during a practice on Dec. 6, the Pioneer Press reported.

Johnson stopped Tonda's son from swinging his hockey stick like a baseball bat at his teammate and told him to get in line and do a drill. Instead, the boy went to the locker room and Tonda followed his son, the Pioneer Press reported.

Tonda returned to the rink and screamed at Johnson. When Johnson told him to go home, Tonda put him in a chokehold, which caused him to start to black out, Johnson told police. Another coach was able to free Johnson from Tonda who was yelling, "I'm going to kill you. I'm going to [expletive] choke you out," the Star Tribune reported.

Johnson wasn't hospitalized, but said he missed a month of work because of neck pain, the Star Tribune reported.

In addition to the jail sentence, Dakota County Judge Timothy McManus ordered Tonda to pay $3,693 in restitution, and do 350 hours of community service, the Star Tribune reported.

McManus will allow Tonda to attend his son's hockey games in the future, but Tonda must stay on the other side of the rink from Johnson, the Star Tribune reported.

Tonda was convicted in 2009 for first-degree cocaine possession and could face up to seven years in prison if he offends again, the Star Tribune reported.

Agreement signed for Scottish independence referendum

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By Sarah Barchus

United Kingdom leadership signed an agreement Monday that will place a referendum for Scotland independence on the ballot in 2014, the Cable News Network reported.

British Prime Minister David Cameron and Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond met in Scotland to sign the Edinburg Agreement, which will allow voters as young as 16 to vote yes or no to Scottish independence from Britain, The New York Times reported.

The referendum could end The Act of Union that joined Scotland and Britain in 1707, after Robert the Bruce led Scotland to independence in the early 1300s, CNN reported.

First Minister Salmond belongs to the Scottish National Party, which has been pushing for independence since its founding, almost 80 years ago, The New York Times reported. Salmond said that Monday was "a historic day for Scotland and a major step forward in Scotland's home rule journey."
First Minister Salmond pushed for the referendum to be in 2014 for its patriotic and historic significance. The referendum will mark the 700th anniversary of when the vastly outnumbered Scottish army annihilated the army of King Edward II in the Battle of Bannockburn, The New York Times reported.
Prime Minister Cameron opposes the division of the United Kingdom and said in February that he will fight with everything he has to keep it together, CNN reported. He said a joined United Kingdom "is stronger, safer, richer and fairer."

The referendum raises economic issues and questions to what extent an independent Scotland could influence international affairs, the New York Times reported.

John Curtice, a professor at the University of Strathclyde in Scotland, said recent polling showed about 37 percent of potential voters are in favor of independence, The New York Times reported.


Drunk Driver hit six in crosswalk

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By Sarah Barchus

A St. Francis driver hit six pedestrians at an intersection near the University of Minnesota Sunday, the Star Tribune reported.

Kristine J. Peterson, 32, was ticked and cited for being drunk after she turned left into six people crossing the street, The Star Tribune reported. Minneapolis Police Sgt. Stephen McCarty said the incident occurred at the intersection of Oak Street and Washington Avenue Southeast at 3:10 p.m., the Pioneer Press reported.

McCarty said that three victims were taken by ambulance to the Hennepin County Medical Center and the others went to the center on their own, the Star Tribune reported.

HCMC spokeswoman Christine Hill said that Kevin Duffy, a 58-year-old from Burnsville is the only victim still hospitalized and is in satisfactory condition, The Star Tribune reported.

Two 19-year-old University of Minnesota students, Michael Duffy, and his girlfriend, Abby Reynolds, were injured in the incident. They had finished eating at the Big 10 restaurant with Duffy's father when the car hit them and three others, a 19-year-old man from Edina, and a 19-year-old man and an 18-year-old woman, both from Bemidji, The Star Tribune reported.

Michael Duffy's brother and his girlfriend were also crossing the street but were not hit, the Star Tribune reported.

McCarty said Peterson's actions seemed "unintentional' and the Pioneer press reported that she stayed at the scene after the incident.

"It just sounds like an accident where alcohol was involved," McCarty said.

Peterson's blood alcohol content was over Minnesota's legal driving limit, but McCarty didn't disclose the specific amount, the Star Tribune reported.

Peterson was jailed and released Sunday evening. She has a court date scheduled for Nov. 26, the Star Tribune reported.

Daredevil's jump shatters sound barrier and breaks record

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By Sarah Barchus

An Austrian daredevil shattered the sound barrier Sunday, setting the record for the highest and fastest jump in history, The New York Times reported.

"Fearless" Felix Baumgartner rode a helium balloon to the edge of space--and then he jumped. After breaking the sound barrier, descending at speeds of up to 830 mph during a four-minute free-fall and traveling 24 miles, Baumgartner landed safely in New Mexico, his heart and fists pumping, the Cable News Network reported.

Via YouTube over 8 million people watched the historical jump live, CNN reported.

They weren't the only ones watching. Retired Air Force colonel and former jump record holder Joe Kittinger was with Baumgartner from the start. He and a 300 person NASA-style mission control operation worked on the project, called Red Bull Stratos after the sponsoring drink company, for five years, The New York Times reported.

During his journey, Baumgartner wore a pressurized helmet and flight suit with sensors to measure and record everything from his speed to his heart rate, CNN reported.

Even with special equipment, Baumgartner encountered challenges. Three minutes into the free fall, a foggy visor clouded his vision and he experienced "flat spins," CNN reported. These spins cause blood to rush away from the center of the body and can result in death, The New York Times reported.

Baumgartner also struggled with claustrophobia while he was in the suit. However, with his team's help and Kittinger's reassurance, Baumgartner was able to remain in control, The New York Times reported.

"All right, step up on the exterior step. Start the cameras. And our guardian angel will take care of you now," Kittinger said right before the jump, The New York Times reported.

"This is way bigger than I had anticipated," Baumgartner said, CNN reported.

And it was. Red Bull Stratos medical director Dr. Jonathan Clark said they were "testing new spacesuits, escape concepts and treatment protocols for pressure loss at extreme altitudes," The New York Times reported.

"Future astronauts will wear the spacesuit that Felix test-jumped today," Kittinger said, The New York Times reported.

Multimedia Analysis

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By Sarah Barchus

The Cable News Network and The New York Times online websites both have multimedia elements. But as far as variety and flavor go, The New York Times site would not only take the cake (picture-wise), but also would have video of someone blowing out birthday candles, interactive graphs of people's favorite cake flavors, maps one can manipulate to find the best cake shops, and perhaps for icing on the top, full length news stories to accompany the fancy features.

From what is immediately evident on the website, CNN has video and picture slideshows to enhance news stories. These add a great visual element to news stories; video can put the reader in the action and pictures help the readers savor the scene. The video itself does not usually contain text, other than to identify location or perhaps add subtitles, as the clips are often segments taken from broadcast news. The picture slideshows are captioned with appropriately clipped cutlines that explain the picture and then place it within the context of the accompanying story.

The New York Times offers interesting interactive content beyond video and pictures such as maps, graphs and simulations that can be manipulated by the user's mouse; thus the Times' site is tactile beyond the type. One example of an interactive graph allows users to explore student debt across the nation. The graph is prefaced by the first paragraph in the full story to explain the graph. Other text serves to label different groupings of information. The graph also has a link to the full news story. This multimedia strategy displays data in a way that is easy to digest.

Pakistan protests Taliban's attack on teen blogger

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By Sarah Barchus

A Pakistani schoolgirl underwent surgery Wednesday to remove the Taliban's bullet intended to end her life and with it, her education rights blog, The New York Times reported.

Taliban militants stopped a van that was taking 14-year-old Malala Yousufzai and two other girls home after school in northwestern Pakistan's conservative Swat Valley, the Cable News Network reported. After identifying Yousufzai, the gunmen open fired, hitting all three girls.

For two girls, their injuries were not life threatening, CNN reported.

A hospital official said, Yousufzai was taken to a military hospital in Peshawar, where surgeons removed a bullet from her shoulder that had passed through her head, The New York Times reported.

Yousufzai, who aspires to be a political leader, won Pakistan's first National Peace Prize in November for her blog, which portrays her fight against militants who use fear to keep girls out of school, CNN reported.

"I have the right of education," Malala said in a 2011 interview with CNN. "I have the right to play. I have the right to sing. I have the right to talk. I have the right to go to market. I have the right to speak up," CNN reported.

The Taliban's attack created uproar among the Pakistani people who showed their outrage through social media, newspapers, broadcast and live protests, CNN reported.

"In attacking Malala, the terrorists have failed to grasp that she is not only an individual, but an icon of courage and hope," Pakistani Army Chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani said, CNN reported.

Provincial Information Minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain said Yousafzai is still unconscious and on a ventilator, but she is improving, The New York Times reported.

"If she survives this time, she won't next time," a spokesman for the Pakistani Taliban said. "We will certainly kill her," CNN reported.

Police said they have identified the gunmen, CNN reported. Hussain said the government would pay more that $100,000 in reward for information leading to their arrests, The New York Times reported.


Couple found dead while canoeing in Boundary Waters

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By Sarah Barchus

An expert canoeist couple died Sunday during their visit to the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, the Pioneer Press reported.

Thomas Pineault, 55, and Cynthia Pineault, 51, of Forrest Lake were found in the water near the Sawbill Lake entrance to the Boundary Waters Sunday afternoon, the Star Tribune reported.

Bill Hansen, owner of Sawbill Outfitters, said a Chicago church group discovered the Pineaults' bodies while picnicking on the lake and told Hansen, who contacted the authorities, the Pioneer Press reported.

The Cook Country Sherriff's office, Cook County Search and Rescue, Minnesota State Patrol, U.S. Forest Service and Sawbill Outfitters contributed to the recovery effort.
The Sherriff's office said the bodies were likely in the water for more than 24 hours, the Pioneer Press reported.

The Pineaults were wearing life jackets near a capsized canoe when they were found. Officials are waiting for the autopsy report but said they don't suspect foul play, the Pioneer Press reported.

The Duluth News Tribune reported that officials said windy conditions and low temperatures could have factored into the deaths, the Star Tribune reported.

Hansen said the water was around 50 degrees. U.S. Search and Rescue Task Force said at that temperature people can survive one to three hours, the Pioneer Press reported.

In spite of the hazardous conditions, Hansen said the situation was "puzzling," the Pioneer Press reported.

"They were very experienced canoeists," son Nathan Pineault said. "They would go up [to the Boundary Waters] for multiple weeks at a time, multiple times a year," the Pioneer Press reported. Pineault said the Lake Alton area was one of his parents's favorite spots.


Convicted Sandusky to be sentenced

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By Sarah Barchus

Jerry Sandusky, the former Penn State assistant football coach, will be sentenced Tuesday after he was convicted of using his connections with the program and his Second Mile charity to abuse 10 young boys from disadvantaged homes, The New York Times reported.

Sandusky, 68, will most likely spend the rest of his life in prison, The New York Times reported. Three and a half months after Sandusky was found guiltily of 45 counts of child sexual abuse, Judge John Cleland from the Pennsylvanian Centre County Court will deliver the sentence.

In a statement aired Monday by Penn State University's ComRadio, Sandusky addressed his impending sentencing. Sandusky said he is innocent and that the victims and lawyers conspired against him, the Cable News Network reported.

"They could take away my life, they could make me out as a monster, they could treat me as a monster, but they can't take away my heart," the former coach at Penn State says. "In my heart, I know I did not do these alleged disgusting acts," CNN reported.

"Pedophiles often believe they did not do anything wrong. In their twisted universe, they helped their victims and loved them," said Marci Hamilton, an attorney for Travis Weaver, who filed a civil suit against Sandusky, CNN reported.

CNN legal contributor Paul Callan said Sandusky's statement was a mistake and that the judge will not receive it well, CNN reported. Callan said Sandusky should have stayed silent before his sentencing, and then plead his case to the public.

Sandusky will give a 5 to ten minute statement at the sentencing. Two victims will also speak and attorneys will read a third victim's statement, CNN reported.

Sandusky's attorneys will have seven days to appeal after the sentencing, CNN reported.

Former Faribault teacher charged with sexual misconduct

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By Sarah Barchus

A 70 year-old former theater teacher at a Faribault preparatory school was charged with sexual misconduct Monday, the Star Tribune reported.

Lynn Phillip Seibel faces charges from the Rice County Attorney's Office of 17 counts of sexual misconduct, including two counts of second-degree criminal sexual conduct, 12 counts of fourth-degree criminal sexual conduct involving students at Shattuck-St. Mary's School and one count of possession of child pornography, the Pioneer Press reported.

According to the state Bureau of Criminal Apprehension and the Faribault Police Department, the alleged incidents occurred between 1996 and 2003 took place in school classrooms and dormitory with boys from ages 15 to 18, the Star Tribune reported.

Seibel taught at the 6-12th grade school from 1992 until 2003 when the school fired him for having child pornography on his computer, the Star Tribune reported.

According to a report from the Faribault Daily News, Seibel won teacher of the year in 1994 and was nominated for the award every year, the Pioneer Press reported.

In June, the Faribault Police Department began investigating after a former student told an Olmsted County Community Corrections employee that Seibel had assaulted him in 2001, the Pioneer Press reported.

Shattuck-St. Mary's said in a statement that it received a complaint against Seibel in 2001 and then reported it to the Rice County social services department and the Faribault police, the Star Tribune reported. Agent Drew Evans of the BCA said that Shattuck-St. Mary's actions are under investigation

According to Los Angeles court records, Seibel is in jail in on unrelated charges of child pornography possession, the Star Tribune reported.

Seibel is a professional actor in Hollywood and has appeared in movies and TV shows like The Incredible Hulk and The Big Bang Theory. He earned a master's degree in directing from UW-Madison, the Pioneer Press reported.


Hugo Chavez wins Venezuelan presidential election

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By Sarah Barchus

Hugo Chavez defeated his opponent, State Governor Henrique Capriles, in the Venezuelan presidential election Sunday, winning the office for his third consecutive term since 1999, the Cable News Network reported.

Hugo Chavez received 55 percent of the vote against Capriles's 45 percent, winning the election by his narrowest margin yet, the Star Tribune reported.

Voters began lining up at polls before dawn, increasing the turnout from 75 percent in 2006 to 81 percent, the Star Tribune reported. Tibisay Lucena, president of the National Electoral Council, said the turnout was one of the highest in decades, CNN reported.

With the victory, Chavez secured another six years to convert Venezuela into a socialist state by expanding the state's economic role and continuing populist programs as he promised during his campaign, the Star Tribune reported.

Capriles advocated for more private investment and less governmental controls on the economy, the Star Tribune reported. Capriles congratulated Chavez for his victory even though he said Chavez used revenue from the oil industry to help finance his campaign, CNN reported.

Venezuela is the United State's fourth largest oil supplier, CNN reported. However, Chavez is likely to strengthen Venezuela's ties with U.S. rivals and continue to influence Latin America's left-leaning governments, to the U.S.'s frustration.



Spot Follow Analysis

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By Sarah Barchus

In an updated article on the cross-border firing between Turkey and Syria, the Cable News Network changed the lead, added to body and revised and moved existing paragraphs to reflect the current status of the situation.

The earlier story led with Turkey striking back at Syria in retaliation for citizens' deaths. That lead focused on the action against Syria and the wrong Syria had committed; it was fully action based. The current lead reports that Turkey is continuing to strike back, which shows more action, but also immediately includes Turkey's mindset that it has "no interest in war with Syria." That partial quote alludes to the US official's statement in the earlier article that both countries have an would have an interest in avoiding war. Turkey's mindset and plan of action is the main focus of the article.

CNN used a revised version of their first lead in the second paragraph of the current article to remind readers what has taken place. The next few paragraphs describe the relationship between Turkey and Syria, which puts the event in context. This contrasts with the earlier article, which focused more on details of the initial shelling and Turkey's reaction through quotes by government officials and concerned citizens and detailed the relationship later in the article.

CNN advanced the story by focusing less on information about the initial shelling and more on updated details like which Syrian sites Turkey targeted and Turkey's plan for moving forward. CNN reported on the resolution before the Turkish parliament, which it is not to be considered a war resolution, but rather a resolution to protect the border and retaliate when necessary. These paragraphs expand upon the partial quote used in the lead and show Turkey's mindset. CNN also broadens the scope of the story by including Russia 's reaction to the situation (the country is a friend to Syria) and the events taking place in Damascus.

By Sarah Barchus

The Turkish prime minister said Turkey fired retaliatory artillery at Syria Wednesday after a Syrian artillery shell landed in a border town and killed five Turkish civilians, The New York Times reported.

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's office stated that Syrian regime forces were responsible for the artillery shell that landed in the Turkish boarder town of Akcakale, killing five and injuring nine others, the Cable News Network reported.

Before sending retaliatory fire, Turkey expressed its concerns to the United Nations and NATO and protested the killings. In response, NATO said it would hold an urgent meeting on Wednesday to address the situation, The New York Times reported.

Turkey's semiofficial Anadolu news agency reported that the Syrian mortar shell came from the district of Tel Abayad. Akcakale Mayor Abdulhakim Ayhan said the shell landed on a house and killed three children, their mother, and a female neighbor, CNN reported.

"Turkey, in accordance with the rules of engagement and international law, will never leave such provocations by the Syrian regime against our national security unrequited," the prime minister's statement said in reaction to the event, The New York Times reported.

The shelling marked the first significant military exchange at the Turkish-Syrian border since last year when the uprising in Syria began, The New York Times reported.

A senior U.S. defense official said that Syria is warning Turkey not to interfere in Syria, CNN reported. It would be better for both countries to refrain from escalating the conflict, the official said.

Since Syria downed a Turkish plane in over the Mediterranean in June and with Turkey's continual support for Syrian rebels, the tension between the two countries is steadily increasing, The New York Times reported.

Tunisians protest woman's treatment in rape case

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By Sarah Barchus

Hundreds of Tunisians protested Tuesday to support a woman who was accused with violating modesty laws after she reported two police officers raped her, The New York Times reported.

Human rights groups like the Tunisian League of Human Rights and the Tunisian Association of Democratic Women called for protests outside the Tunis courthouse where the second session in a series of hearing took place Tuesday, the Cable News Network reported.

The woman's lawyer said the case began Sept. 3 when the woman and her fiancé were in their car in Tunisia's capital and three police officers approached them, CNN reported.

The woman said one of the police held her fiancé back while the other two raped her, The New York Times reported. Only after the woman filed a complaint, the police said they found the couple in an "immoral position" and in turn charged them with "intentional indecent behavior," which could lead to up to six months in prison, CCN reported.

"This caused a major upheaval in Tunisian public opinion," Salah Eddine El Jorshi of the Tunisian League of Human Rights said. "Some felt that maybe the woman was part of the crime, but others strongly felt that she was solely targeted because she was a woman," CNN reported.

The case turned Tunisia's focus to the government and how it will address women's rights in the new constitution, which a moderate Islamist-led coalition is drafting, the New York Times reported.

Last month, a U.N. Human Rights Council's recommend that the government abolish discrimination against women in areas like inheritance and child custody, CNN reported. The government rejected the proposal.

Residents evacuate Karlstad to avoid wildfire

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By Sarah Barchus

Residents were evacuated from smoke-covered Karlstad Tuesday afternoon when wind-blown wildfires burned down two homes, the Star Tribune reported.

The wildfire, called the Highway 27 fire, burned 500 acres Tuesday morning and destroyed two homes in the northwestern Minnesota town of about 570, the Star Tribune reported.

Jean Goad, spokeswoman for the Minnesota Interagency Fire Center, said residents were ordered to leave when the wildfire reached a "trigger point," the Pioneer Press reported.

"All around the city is on fire," City Clerk Sue Dufault said, and fire departments from as far as Grand Forks, N.D. came to help fight the blaze, the Pioneer Press reported. Goad said the National Guard sent two Blackhawk helicopters.

Karen Wikstrom, a waitress at the Nordhem Restaurant in Karlstad said, "It's so bad. Helicopters are dropping stuff. We can hardly breathe," the Star Tribune reported.

Dufault said authorities evacuated a nursing home, an assisted living center, a group home and some residents in the southern part of the city, the Pioneer Press reported. Wikstrom said that busses took students to the north side of the town and highways in the area were closed, the Star Tribune reported.

At Hallock, about 30 miles northwest of Karlstad, winds reached 43 miles per hour and the temperature was 73 degrees with a relative humidity of a very dry 19 percent. Those conditions, similar to weather experienced all over northern Minnesota, make it very easy to spark a fire even from mowing equipment or ATV exhaust, the Star Tribu

Trial begins for alleged al-Shabaab supporter

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By Sarah Barchus

The jurors were chosen Monday for the trial of a 46-year-old Minnesota man accused of funding U.S. citizens to join a Somalian terrorist group's fight, the Star Tribune reported.

Ten woman and six men, including a pharmacist, an X-ray technician for the Mayo Clinic and an unemployed psychology graduate, comprise the jury for Mahamud Said Omar's trial that begins Tuesday and that Chief U.S. District Judge Michael Davis warned could last a month, the Pioneer Press reported.

Omar is charged with five terror-related federal counts, and is accused of aiding the al-Qaida related Somalian terrorist group al-Shabaab, the Star Tribune reported.

Prosecutors say Omar supported the group from September 2007 to August 2008 by encouraging and helping pay for men to leave the Twin Cities and join al-Shabaab's fight against Somalia's government at that time, the Pioneer Press reported.

During the selection process, defense attorney Andrew Birrell told jurors that some of the evidence could make them angry and want to convict someone. When asked, all of the jurors said they could remain unbiased, the Pioneer Press reported.

The first witness called to testify will be the head of the group monitoring the U.N.'s arms embargo for Somalia, the Pioneer Press reported.

California bans therapy for homosexuality in teenagers

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By Sarah Barchus

California became the first state to ban psychotherapy used to "overcome" homosexuality in teenagers when Governor Gerry Brown signed the bill Saturday, The New York Times reported.

The law effective January 1 will not allow mental health professionals to use the controversial psychotherapy, called reparative or conversion therapy, on anyone under 18, the Pioneer Press reported.

In reparative therapy, mental health professionals encourage people to link homosexual thoughts to negative, emotional childhood experiences. Therapists acknowledge that total "cures" are rare, but say that proper treatment has successfully reduced homosexual attraction in thousands of patients, The New York Times reported.

But Brown said the treatments "have no basis in science or medicine and they will now be relegated to the dustbin of quackery," the Pioneer Press reported.

Some former patients forced into therapy by their parents also supported the ban and described harmful emotional experiences they suffered after they found they couldn't or didn't want to change, The New York Times reported.

State Senator Ted Lieu sponsored the bill and said it would protect children from psychological abuse, the Pioneer press reported.

However, the National Association for Research and Therapy on Homosexuality said Lieu's claims were political rather than scientific and the law is "legislative overreach," the Pioneer Press reported. One member of the association, licensed family therapist David H. Pickup of Glendale, said the law would cause harm to those who want and need the therapy, The New York Times reported.

Some therapists and conservative religious leaders said the law violates free choice and are concerned that those seeking treatment will turn to untrained amateurs for help, The New York Times reported.

Wayne Besen, the director of Truth Wins Out, a gay advocacy group said other states such as New Jersey are discussing banning reparative therapy for teenagers, the New York Times reported.

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