Just in case anyone is interested this is the current OED online dictionary's definition for victim:
1. a. A living creature killed and offered as a sacrifice to some deity or supernatural power
b. Applied to Christ as an offering for mankind.
2. a. A person who is put to death or subjected to torture by another; one who suffers severely in body or property through cruel or oppressive treatment.
b. One who is reduced or destined to suffer under some oppressive or destructive agency.
c. One who perishes or suffers in health, etc., from some enterprise or pursuit voluntarily undertaken
d. In weaker sense: One who suffers some injury, hardship, or loss, is badly treated or taken advantage of, etc.
1. Name some differences between the former northern and former southern Yemen.
2. Which do you think was a better place to be involved in a women’s movement- the northern or the southern? Which movement had better, and longer-lasting effects?
3. Once Yemen is united, does Badran paint a picture of a successful movement? What about the Yemeni women’s movement is/isn’t successful?
4. On page 155 Badran writes, “In western countries, women’s movements to gain rights to vote and to be elected have been campaigns directed exclusively at obtaining female suffrage…In middle eastern countries women’s movements (first appearing at moments of national liberation and new state formation) have articulated a discourse of political rights and personal status rights within a unitary framework of citizens’ rights”. What other women’s movements have we studied that appeared at the same time as a movement for civil rights?
5. On page 167 Badran writes, “Yemeni men attempted to mobilize women to vote, largely as a function of partisan politics.” How much of a step forward is the right to vote if the men celebrate it for self-serving reasons?
From your service learning project handout:
2. Written Narrative: this is the “raw” form of your organizational history. You’ll turn one copy in to me and another in to your organization (they may want it in electronic form as well as a typed copy). The text from this narrative will be the bulk of your final product.
• First Draft: due April 4, this initial draft will be graded on a check-/check/check+ basis. There’s no specific page-length requirement, but keep in mind that my comments will be more useful to you the more finished your draft is.
• Length: at least ten pages, typed, double spaced.
• Organization: your narrative should be a fairly standard history, with an introduction, clear structure, and a conclusion.
• Due date: May 12, noon, in my office or via email attachment
If you'd like to check out the Amnesty International "Human Rights Are Women's Right" report referenced in our reading for tomorrow, here it is.
There's a fascinating article about Justice Harry Blackmun and women's rights in this week's New York Times Magazine. (I think you may need to log in to view it, but it's well worth your time.)
1. Mackie makes the point to say on page 182, “discussion of women in other Asian countries often focuses on issues of development and underdevelopment, but the problems faced by contemporary Japanese women are the problems of advanced capitalism.” Why do you think that is? What makes Japan different than other Asian countries, and how does this change the struggles that feminists are fighting for there?
2. What do you think about the rationale for granting women’s suffrage? “Women would be more peace loving and challenge militarist traditions.”
3. Japan’s constitution is considered to be one of the most liberal in the world. What did Japan lack in regards to implementation? Any ideas about how you would implement such regulations?
4. The constitution “prohibits differential treatment in wages and on the basis of sex.” Why are women still struggling in the workplace?
5. Mentioned several times is the ‘unique Japanese family system’ the author feels that this is a myth and is used to justify women’s relegation in the domestic sphere. Do you agree? Is the author being insensitive to Japanese culture?
6. In the section “Masculinity, femininity and the media,” the author uses examples of comic books and media stories to present how the media presents a stereotypical view of women. Do you feel that the author’s argument is a strong one? How is this similar to media representations of gender in the U.S.?
“Women’s Politics in the USSR and Russia”
• The authors never/rarely use the word “sexism” but consistently refer to “patriarchy” and women’s “secondary status.” What kind of work does this do for their article? What might be the underlying politics of this choice in language?
• On page 208, the authors write “The challenge of liberalism to Russian patriarchal institutions and attitudes, however, forced revolutionaries to pay closer attention to the incorporation of women into the state.” What were/was the assumption made about patriarchy and liberal economics that promoted the “woman question”?
• What are the shifts in the images of women since the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917?
• The authors use a lengthy quotation from Mikhail Gorbachev on page 211. In this quotation, what image of woman is presented? How is it similar to other images that are prevalent in other regions/time periods that we have read about?
• How does the Association of Small Towns differ in its values and approaches from the other organizations described? How is it similar?
“Gay and Lesbian History in Britain”
• Throughout the descriptions of the Stonewall Riots, the author describes the ways in which it was the first mobilization of gay and lesbian activists. What are the hints that the author is erasing a significant aspect of this history? What is being erased/marginalized?
• On the bottom of page 172, the authors look at linguistic distinctions between the Committee for Homosexual Equality and the Gay Liberation Front. What is that distinction and the reasons behind it? How is the same/similar issue present today, at least within the United States?
• How did Marxism, and therefore class politics inform the formation of the Gay Liberation Front? Are class politics still central to GLBT organizations? Which ones?
• How does women’s separation from the Gay Liberation Front exemplify the intersections between gender and sexuality?
Just a reminder, as announced in class, there is no journal entry due for tomorrow. Just focus on getting your first drafts into shape.
1. What was the effect of increased 'suburbanization' on women?
2. Evans says that the younger, radical activists were "in many ways parallel to feminists in the 1910's" (pg. 152). What are some of these parallels?
3. What advantages/disadvantages came with NOW being " 'for' but not necessarily 'of' women" (pg. 156)?