The epidemiologic approach to preventing motor-vehicle related injuries in this industry will need to look at individual, equipment, and environmental factors that are unique to North Dakota oil and gas workers in an effort to prevent and control related fatalities. Based on the Epidemiological model of injury prevention the agent is the energy exposure to the individual that causes a fatal injury; the host is the fatal injury; the environments are physical and sociocultural; and the vehicle is what transmits the agent to the host (motor vehicle). In order to prevent a fatal motor-vehicle incident the 'vehicle' must be interfered with to prevent energy transfer from agent to host. The 'vehicle' involves the design components of the motor vehicle.
The HADDON MATRIX.pdfillustrates examples of human, equipment, and environmental components of motor-vehicle fatalities that could be part of the epidemiologic approach to prevention.