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knott079

  • Posted Conformity at its Worst to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    Prejudice can be defined as an attitude with three components: affective or emotional, cognitive, and behavioral tendencies. The affective or emotional component deals with fear, distrust, dislike, negative evaluations, etc. The cognitive component deals with inaccurate generalizations, negative stereotypes, etc. The behavioral tendencies include avoidance, discrimination, genocide, hate crime, etc. We can see that these components occur in chronological order to create a racist person. Today, racism is still occurring, although according to research, it is much less pervasive. Unfortunately, we can still find groups like the skinheads and the KKK who find themselves superior to those of different ethnic backgrounds. One example we can find is by looking at the presidential election of 2008. In this election, it was reported that 26% of the time, race was an issue. But prejudice and discrimination prevail less compared to in the past. One great example of prejudice that has occurred in the past relates to World War II in which prejudice led to the murder of approximately 6 million Jews by the Nazi regime. Adolf Hitler was the leader in this genocide. He claimed that Jews, as well as gypsies, homosexuals, and mentally and physically disabled patients were a priority danger to Germany. By constructing concentration camps, Hitler and the Nazis were able to rid Germany of such inferiority and threat. Here, Jews and other deeming dangerous prisoners were forced to do hard labor with little food and the threat of being killed by gas chambers, daily shootings, etc. But what could lead people to cause such harm to innocent people? The simple answer is conformity. Through the suggestive speeches of Hitler, people disregarded their morals and turned to destruction to create a purposive better society. Here is a youtube link with English subtitles of one of Hitler's speeches: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eGhdX1SI3KY. Through historical events and the findings of social psychological research, we are able to see just how much conformity prevails. One good experiment to back up the great significance of conformity was done by Asch, who through line tests, found that approximately 75% of the participants went along with the rest of the group at least once. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143 http://psychology.about.com/od/classicpsychologystudies/p/conformity.htm...
  • Posted Homosexuality: Nature Vs. Nurture to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    There have been many debates as to whether homosexuality is a heritable trait passed down through the genes or parents, or if it is based on an environmental influences. Here I have included some examples to help to put a conclusion to this debate. One example of homosexuality being considered a genetic disorder takes place within an episode of the animated comedy series, Family Guy. In this episode, Peter wants to make money and is injected with a homosexuality gene for an experiment. Peter appears to become homosexual and looks to the opposite sex as a mating partner. The family doesn't like this new Peter so they send him to a straight camp, which he quickly escapes. But in the episode, Peter's homosexuality wears off and he soon returns to his heterosexual self. Here is a link to the episode on megavideo.com. http://www.megavideo.com/?d=U0O5OS95 But instead of relying on a television series, lets look into some actual studies, specifically twin studies. One of the major studies to date is the Bailey and Pillard study of 1991. They recruited a sample of 161 male homosexual participants, all over the age of 18 with a twin or adoptive brother through advertisements placed in homophile publications in several cities in the Midwest and Southwest of the United States. The co-twins and adoptive brothers were sent questionnaires in which five questions regarding sexual orientation were embedded in over 100 other items regarding social attitudes, personality, and childhood behavior. Their data showed that 52% of monozygotic (identical) co-twins, 22% of dizygotic (fraternal) co-twins, and 11% of adoptive brothers were homosexual. The data regarding co-twins and their homosexuality seem to be moderately correlated, especially compared to the data comparing adoptive brothers and their homosexuality. This data suggests that homosexuality is a result of nature, but that nurture does play some role. http://www.tim-taylor.com/papers/twin_studies/studies.html...
  • Posted Murder: A Consequence of Playing Video Games? to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    There are many debates over video games and how it affects people. It has been proposed that video games lead people to become more aggressive due to the aggression and violence involved in them. Such video games include Grand Theft Auto, Halo, and others, which emphasize killing, raping, and illegal acts in order to obtain points. But, there are many questions as to the correlation and causation of such accusations of video games and aggression. One great example that considers the aggression caused by video games took place in Alabama in 2003 by Devin Moore. Moore was apprehended under suspicion of having driven a stolen car and then snatched a policeman's gun and shot two officers and a dispatcher. Devin blamed his actions on the inspiration of the Grand Theft Auto game series, which he claimed to have played obsessively and ended up taking out a lawsuit against the creators of GTA. Another example that I have personally took interest in is discussed in the book "Nineteen Minutes" by Jodi Picoult. In this book, a young man has been constantly bullied since a child by the popular kids for being a nerd. To help deal with this reality, he creates a video game that is set in a school and its objective is to kill the popular students. But, this video game becomes a reality when the teenager, Peter Houghton, becomes the shooter at his high school one day. But could video games really cause someone to murder another? It is a great question that still remains unanswered. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/03/04/60minutes/main678261.shtml http://www.theregister.co.uk/2005/02/17/taketwo_gta_lawsuit/...
  • Posted Murder: A Consequence of Playing Video Games? to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    There are many debates over video games and how it affects people. It has been proposed that video games lead people to become more aggressive due to the aggression and violence involved in them. Such video games include Grand Theft Auto, Halo, and others, which emphasize killing, raping, and illegal acts in order to obtain points. But, there are many questions as to the correlation and causation of such accusations of video games and aggression. One great example that considers the aggression caused by video games took place in Alabama in 2003 by Devin Moore. Moore was apprehended under suspicion of having driven a stolen car and then snatched a policeman's gun and shot two officers and a dispatcher. Devin blamed his actions on the inspiration of the Grand Theft Auto game series, which he claimed to have played obsessively and ended up taking out a lawsuit against the creators of GTA. Another example that I have personally took interest in is discussed in the book "Nineteen Minutes" by Jodi Picoult. In this book, a young man has been constantly bullied since a child by the popular kids for being a nerd. To help deal with this reality, he creates a video game that is set in a school and its objective is to kill the popular students. But, this video game becomes a reality when the teenager, Peter Houghton, becomes the shooter at his high school one day. But could video games really cause someone to murder another? It is a great question that still remains unanswered. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/03/04/60minutes/main678261.shtml http://www.theregister.co.uk/2005/02/17/taketwo_gta_lawsuit/...
  • Posted Murder: A Consequence of Playing Video Games? to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    There are many debates over video games and how it affects people. It has been proposed that video games lead people to become more aggressive due to the aggression and violence involved in them. Such video games include Grand Theft Auto, Halo, and others, which emphasize killing, raping, and illegal acts in order to obtain points. But, there are many questions as to the correlation and causation of such accusations of video games and aggression. One great example that considers the aggression caused by video games took place in Alabama in 2003 by Devin Moore. Moore was apprehended under suspicion of having driven a stolen car and then snatched a policeman's gun and shot two officers and a dispatcher. Devin blamed his actions on the inspiration of the Grand Theft Auto game series, which he claimed to have played obsessively and ended up taking out a lawsuit against the creators of GTA. Another example that I have personally took interest in is discussed in the book "Nineteen Minutes" by Jodi Picoult. In this book, a young man has been constantly bullied since a child by the popular kids for being a nerd. To help deal with this reality, he creates a video game that is set in a school and its objective is to kill the popular students. But, this video game becomes a reality when the teenager, Peter Houghton, becomes the shooter at his high school one day. But could video games really cause someone to murder another? It is a great question that still remains unanswered. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/03/04/60minutes/main678261.shtml http://www.theregister.co.uk/2005/02/17/taketwo_gta_lawsuit/...
  • Posted Murder: A Consequence of Playing Video Games? to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    There are many debates over video games and how it affects people. It has been proposed that video games lead people to become more aggressive due to the aggression and violence involved in them. Such video games include Grand Theft Auto, Halo, and others, which emphasize killing, raping, and illegal acts in order to obtain points. But, there are many questions as to the correlation and causation of such accusations of video games and aggression. One great example that considers the aggression caused by video games took place in Alabama in 2003 by Devin Moore. Moore was apprehended under suspicion of having driven a stolen car and then snatched a policeman's gun and shot two officers and a dispatcher. Devin blamed his actions on the inspiration of the Grand Theft Auto game series, which he claimed to have played obsessively and ended up taking out a lawsuit against the creators of GTA. Another example that I have personally took interest in is discussed in the book "Nineteen Minutes" by Jodi Picoult. In this book, a young man has been constantly bullied since a child by the popular kids for being a nerd. To help deal with this reality, he creates a video game that is set in a school and its objective is to kill the popular students. But, this video game becomes a reality when the teenager, Peter Houghton, becomes the shooter at his high school one day. But could video games really cause someone to murder another? It is a great question that still remains unanswered. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/03/04/60minutes/main678261.shtml http://www.theregister.co.uk/2005/02/17/taketwo_gta_lawsuit/...
  • Posted Extraordinary Claims in the Courtroom to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    There is much evidence of false memories being persuaded into people being put on trial for a crime that they have not committed. This evidence has been greatly discussed by Elizabeth Loftus who wrote an article entitled "The Memory of Things Unseen." For further information, I am going to provide you with a link to her article. (https://webfiles.uci.edu:443/eloftus/LoftusCurDir04.pdf) One of these cases includes the McMartin Preshool Abuse Trial, which was the longest and most expensive criminal trial in American history. Ray Buckey was one of the principal defendants, having spent five years in jail awaiting the trial of a crime he never committed. The case that led to no convictions and the sufferers included hundreds of emotionally damaged children, ruined careers of the McMartin staff, and Buckey, who paid the biggest price. The accusation started off with a boy claiming to have been sexually abused by Ray Buckey and whose mother filed a police report. But instead of handling it in the right manner, in my opinion, the police and other people considering the case handled it in the wrong manner. First of all the police sent out a letter informing 200 McMartin Preschool parents of these accusations and asking for information. In this letter they listed many forms of sexually assault that could have been performed on their children. This letter should not have been sent out without the conviction of Ray Buckey at a trial for it can lead parents on. Then, the children were sent to the Children's Institute International (CII) to be interviewed. These interviews were not done in the right manner either, for the children were given suggestive techniques to persuade them into giving the CII the "right" answer although their initial response to their questioning of having been sexually abused was "no." Another portion of the case handled wrong included the medical examinations, in which the examiner didn't look for physical evidence but instead looked into the medical history of the children and found causation where no correlation existed. And on top of that, the preliminary hearing was not handled correctly. Instead of conducting a typical preliminary hearing, the court held one that mounted on an affirmative case and with aggressively cross-examining the witnesses. Not only was the cased handled in an unfair manner, but there was much evidence that contradicted this extraordinary claim. This included the fact that the original boy was unable to identify Ray from photos and showed no sign of sexual abuse after medical examinations. But the searches of both the preschool and homes of the defendants showed no evidence that could potentially lead to conviction. Also there were no findings of secret tunnels, animal bones, or photographs of nude children. Lastly, there were many inconsistencies and contradictions among the children's stories. Overall, the trial proved to be an expensive waste of time. But it taught people a valuable lesson regarding false memories and suggestive memory techniques. McMartin juror Brenda Williams said that the trial experience taught her to...
  • Posted Horton Hears a Who in the Debate Over Stem Cell Use to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    A famous poet once claimed, "A person's a person, no matter how small." This was the astounding Dr. Suess, a rhythmical author of children's books. In his prose, "Horton Hears a Who," he stated this brief, yet complex sentence that brings about the moral debate over stem cell use. Stem cell research is a process in which scientists use embryotic stem cells in attempt to treat or potentially cure diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. In this process, scientists take the embryotic stem cells and transplant them in areas where there is damaged tissue, in attempt to heal it. Here's the site to a 6 minute youtube video discussing more about stem cells and how they can be used for medical benefit--> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8JTw2RpDo9o&feature=related Although this process seems quite remarkable, it is not yet considered a treatment and has brought on debate over its morality. Debate has been about in many aspects, including moral, religious, and scientific. People consider it morally corrupt for someone to use an embryo, which is essentially a child that has the potential of life, for both scientific research and as a treatment. This brings about the religious debate on stem cell research. In most religions, it is inhumane to abort a child. And in a sense, using these embryos kills the child held within them. But, now to the scientific portion regarding this debate. Of course this research could bring about success in the world of science under certain circumstances. So now it is up to the world to raise their voice in this debate to decide whether it undergoes further research and experimentation or whether it's cons should put an end to it's potential pros and its potential cure to extreme diseases. http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,167245,00.html...
  • Posted Hypnosis: Reality vs. Performance to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    After my senior prom, some friends and I decided to go to the post-prom party that our high school hosted. At this party, there were refreshments, pizza, and many activities, including a hypnotist that came in right before the party ended. In his act, he asked students to perform multiple tasks after putting them into a "deep sleep." Some students obliged and others left the stage for the hypnosis did not work for them. But while watching, I couldn't help but to consider whether this performance put on by this man was actually hypnotization done by a hypnotist or a performance done by a fraud. There have been many debates over the topic of hypnosis and whether or not hypnotists have the ability to truly hypnotize people. But to truly understand this debate, one must know what hypnosis really is and how it is performed amongst humans. Hypnosis, essentially, is a method of using deep relaxation and focus to communicate with the subconscious part of the human brain. During this relaxed state, a person tends to feel at easy physically but mentally awake and the person is highly susceptible to suggestion. This is where hypnotist comes in to suggest ideas or performances for the person to act on. But there are two different types of hypnotists; there are stage hypnotists and hypnotherapists. Stage hypnotists focus on stage performances and having people perform odd tasks. This is the type of hypnotist talked about in my opening statement. But there are also hypnotherapists who use hypnosis for therapeutic purposes. Also to look into this debate further, we must consider the following principal of critical thinking: extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence. Is there actually evidence to support that these participants in hypnotic performances are actually being hypnotized or whether they are simply a performance by both the hypnotist and the participants. It is a very difficult subject to gain evidence on; especially considering evidence to support stage hypnotists true abilities. But there have been a great amount experimental evidence to support the abilities of hypnotherapists and their successes in their patients through therapeutic processes. So next time you are attending a performance done by a stage hypnotist, I would not suggest to fall for his fraud. http://www.bt.com.bn/health_fitness/2008/01/15/hypnosis_fact_or_fiction http://ezinearticles.com/?Is-Hypnosis-Fact-or-Fiction&id=510616...
  • Posted Hypnosis: Reality vs. Performance to Hypnosis: Reality vs. Performance
    After my senior prom, some friends and I decided to go to the post-prom party that our high school hosted. At this party, there were refreshments, pizza, and many activities, including a hypnotist that came in right before the...
  • Posted Hypnosis: Reality vs. Performance to Hypnosis: Reality vs. Performance
    After my senior prom, some friends and I decided to go to the post-prom party that our high school hosted. At this party, there were refreshments, pizza, and many activities, including a hypnotist that came in right before the...
  • Posted Horton Hears a Who in the Debate Over Stem Cell Use to Horton Hears a Who in the Debate Over Stem Cell Use
    A famous poet once claimed, "A person's a person, no matter how small." This was the astounding Dr. Suess, a rhythmical author of children's books. In his prose, "Horton Hears a Who," he stated this brief, yet complex sentence...
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