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sahux009

  • Posted Racism in Books to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    There have been many different books that have had claims of racism. Many of these books are children's books. There could be a variety of reason on why there are hints of racism in these books. These books were written and published a long time ago. Books like Huckleberry Fin and Pippi Longstocking are all books that were written a while back, but are still enjoyed by children today. There is an interesting dichotomy here. On one hand we have priceless classics that are primarily targeting children, and on the other hand we have these books that have some unacceptable terms or overlying ideas. The question is how do these books effect children? From an outside perspective, I think it must plant the seed of question in children. In lecture, we learned that most modern racism is ties with cognition. After reading such book children will start asking question such as what is this word? Why do these children do this and the other children do this? In lecture, it was said the best ways to desegregate were: · Start Early · Employ equal status contact So what can be done? Should we ban these books from school? There have been a few times where Huckleberry Fin has been banned from various places. I think we should just "modernize" them. I think if we do this we can have the best of both worlds. We can keep the classic books and we can let the young future generation read them. The future generation will then get a sense of what the older books were like and avoid the maybe present racism....
  • Commented on What do we really know?
    Thank you! So far, evidence suggests it is not more than a gene mutation. The really cool thing about this is how we can take this a apply it to other humans in a more controlled fashion. Could we prevent...
  • Posted Disgust? to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    The Mayans and their culture have always been a mystery to the world. The Yucatán Mayan people do not have a word for disgust. The Mayans that were a part of an emotions without language study are from the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico. Their language database is smaller when it comes to describing emotions. Compared to the Yucatán Mayans, the Germans have a larger database of emotions to choose from. To start the study, researchers from MPI Psycholinguistics and Evolutionary Anthropology took subjects that spoke the Yucatán Mayan language and they took subjects that spoke German. After showing both a collection that contained emotional photos of disgust and anger, the German speaking people described the two emotions differently. The Mayans, on the other hand, described those two emotions the same. This showed that the Mayans had no specific word for the disgust emotion. This is very interesting to me. I don't know why they do not have a different word. I would think they still experience the emotion at times. They must use a unique linguistic system, or they must group emotional descriptions more generally. They also conducted a second test. They used this test to see how the Mayans language transferred to their view of emotions. They showed the subjects a picture of a mixed emotion. Then they took the photo away, and showed two other photos. One of the photos was the original, and the other was the same person with a "slightly different" emotion. In some pairs the dominant emotion changed, in others it remained the same. For many of the photos, the subjects were asked which of the two they had just seen. The results showed that they did the same as the German speakers. They performed better when the two faces they chose from were dominated by different emotions. We were talking about how there are emotions that are internationally understood or "universal". This study proves this, there may be no word for disgust in the Yucatán Mayan language, however they were able to perform just as well as a German speaking person. One of the things that intrigues me is how these expressions are so universal. How could they reach everywhere in the world? I think that the answer to this is because they live in the same world. Some experiences will be the same. For example, no matter where one is in the world there is death. People generally are sad when someone dies. Also, around the world there are celebrations for various different occasions, and for that people are happy. I think life experiences and human interaction make these emotions universal more than any other reason. Ishan LINK: http://www.healthcanal.com/mental-health-behavior/22712-Understanding-emotions-without-language.html...
  • Posted Sleep-creeper to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    Take a look at this guy: This man, named Bradley Boyce, is looking right into the eyes of a life long sentence. For what you may ask? He raped a woman. On August 29, 2010, the victim, identified as Jane Doe, called the police a little after 4 a.m. to report the incident. The most important piece of evidence? He was confirmed by the DNA testing that was done at the crime scene. Boyce was there that night whether he was aware of it or not. The victim suffered "traumatic injuries", but made it through. Boyce claimed he was sleepwalking through the entire incident. What happened after the defendants and the prosecution made their statements? He was found guilty and sentenced to a life in prison. This is really interesting to me, because there have been a variety of cases around the world that have been excused on the basis of sleepwalking. I keep on wondering why some get away and some are sentenced. The answer, I think, is due to court precedence. The less the court has to worry about precedence, the more proactive the judge can be. In this case, there must not have been too much precedence for the judge to use. Also, in this case it is important to consider the fact that the doctor herself had very little to test. All she was able to do was to check whether Boyce was eligible for sleepwalking, something that occurs in 4%-5% of adults. Chances are Boyce doesn't sleepwalk. The most invalid part of the entire test is the fact that instead of a sleep study on Boyce, she relied on what information was given by the defense attorney. According to Psychology, from Inquiring to Understanding a man killed his mother-in-law with a tire iron, and seriously injured his father-in-law. He claimed that he was sleepwalking and was not guilty or responsible. The judges agreed. When we compare a case like this one to the Boyce case it is interesting to see how differently the decisions went. Check out the article here: http://napavalleyregister.com/news/local/jury-convicts-sleepwalking-napa-man-of-rape/article_a0bc927e-fabe-11e0-8740-001cc4c03286.html...
  • Posted Scientific Smackdown to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    I have to say, this is by far one of the most interesting articles I have seen in a long time. First off, this article is almost like the "WWE smackdown" of science. There is a man named Martin Lindstrom, a respected opinion page contributor to the New York Times. He wrote an article about the effects of the iPhone on the brain. He used functional magnetic resonance imaging to test how people react to things they love, such as electronics and their religions. What he did in this test was he showed a subject a picture of an Apple product, and then showed the same subject a picture of the Pope. He found that there were some striking similarities. When subjects viewed the Apple product, and a picture of the Pope the brain activity was similar. It seems Lindstrom has done some extensive tests (though he has not provided any link to his tests) even with babies and Blackberrys. He even goes as far as saying: "I enlisted eight men and eight women between the ages of 18 and 25. Our 16 subjects were exposed separately to audio and to video of a ringing and vibrating iPhone. In each instance, the results showed activation in both the audio and visual cortices of the subjects' brains. In other words, when they were exposed to the video, our subjects' brains didn't just see the vibrating iPhone, they "heard" it, too; and when they were exposed to the audio, they also "saw" it. This powerful cross-sensory phenomenon is known as synesthesia." Honestly, there are a few problems. First off, did he randomly assign? He didn't seem to clarify this, but with that he only had 16 people. Secondly, this is not a representative sample of the population. There needs to be more than sixteen people. Third, it seemed like he diagnosed quickly. A few days after this was published (originally published on September 30th, 2011), Russel Poldrack a Psychology and Neurobiology professor from University of Texas at Austin that wrote to the editor. Poldrack said: 'The brain region that he points to as being "associated with feelings of love and compassion" (the insular cortex) is active in as many as one-third of all brain imaging studies.' It seems Lindstrom not only conducted a poor test, but also made an extraordinary claim he had no clear evidence for. In the end, the fact that Lindstrom thought he had found a case of synesthesia, cross-modial sensation, didn't really matter. More importantly however Poldrack made sure to "punch hard" by adding a list of 44 other neuroscientists that signed his letter to the New York Times. Poldrack even stated how disappointed he was in the New York Times. That list had name of neuroscientists from Duke, University of Pennsylvania, Stanford University, Princeton, Cornell, Harvard, Columbia, and more. Ironically, the population of neuroscientists was larger than Lindstrom's sixteen subjects. No matter what, we all make mistakes. So what is a better conclusion than Lindstrom's conclusion? Here...
  • Favorited The Nocebo Effect on Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
  • Favorited What do we really know? on Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
  • Commented on The Nocebo Effect
    I think this is very true! Great post! (I am just going to give you my idea on this topic for some conversation!) I think the mental aspect of things play an important role. The phrase "mind over matter" is...
  • Posted What do we really know? to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    Since the beginning of time, humans have had mysteries. As a human, I think we have significantly progressed from when we first came to earth (still disputed). However, even with mass transit running at two hundred miles an hour and multi-national trade organizations we still have some mysteries that we encounter. From the many mysteries we still encounter, here we have Brooke Greenberg: pic 1 How old is this girl? Maybe one or two years old? No, this girl was born in 1993 making her eighteen years old now. At this point she is equivalent in age to a college freshman! According to Dr. Walker in South Florida, Brooke's body is aging out of synchronization. Some parts of her body are aging faster than other parts of her body. He nails and hair seem to be the only things that grow normally. In 2009, her bone development was equivalent to that of a ten year old. Of course Brooke has had some health problems, but she has recovered sometimes spontaneously. For example, Brooke was only four years old when she fell into a fourteen day lethargy. The doctors diagnosed her with a brain tumor. After the parents bought a casket for her, she woke up like nothing had ever happened. What I am so intrigued by is how unique she is. The only thing doctors can do at this point is rule out rival hypotheses. I could be a simple miracle, but scientists are skeptical and strive to scientifically explain this. All around the country, doctors could guess what might cause this across the world, but Dr. Richard Walker and geneticist Maxine Sutcliffe have to work together to rule out other hypothesis. This, in the world of medicine, is sometimes the best way to narrow the results. Many times diagnosing a patient is a "team endeavor". Doctors will give a diagnosis and after many tests, the patients doctor must rule out other hypothesis. In the end, however, the doctor will try his/her best to correctly diagnose the patient. In this case, Walker could claim one mutation for example, but in this case this claim requires extraordinary evidence. However, it seems like doctors have not been able to diagnose Brooke. Maybe she holds the secret to staying young forever? Stay tuned Vogue Magazine! PIC 2 Article Used: http://abcnews.go.com/2020/Health/story?id=7880954&page=1 Picture 1: http://www.google.com/imgres?q=brooke+greenberg+life&um=1&hl=en&biw=1040&bih=632&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=QX3-Dun2avE9dM:&imgrefurl=http://www.comicvine.com/forums/off-topic/5/the-life-of-brooke-greenberg-how-is-it-possible/400631/&docid=y6B78hJjgx8gLM&w=260&h=191&ei=AzKFTt_8L4WFtgf6uP07&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=270&page=1&tbnh=132&tbnw=180&start=0&ndsp=13&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&tx=89&ty=77 Picture 2: http://www.google.com/imgres?q=brooke+greenberg+life&um=1&hl=en&biw=1040&bih=632&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=QhNifKaq9DFz9M:&imgrefurl=http://allofstrange.blogspot.com/2011/05/brooke-greenberg-16-year-old-has-body.html&docid=yHPZtYbFWoTMhM&w=450&h=350&ei=AzKFTt_8L4WFtgf6uP07&zoom=1...
  • Posted What do we really know? to Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011
    Since the beginning of time, humans have had mysteries. As a human, I think we have significantly progressed from when we first came to earth (still disputed). However, even with mass transit running at two hundred miles an hour and multi-national trade organizations we still have some mysteries that we encounter. From the many mysteries we still encounter, here we have Brooke Greenberg: [Picture 1] How old is this girl? Maybe one or two years old? No, this girl was born in 1993 making her eighteen years old now. At this point she is equivalent in age to a college freshman! According to Dr. Walker in South Florida, Brooke's body is aging out of synchronization. Some parts of her body are aging faster than other parts of her body. He nails and hair seem to be the only things that grow normally. In 2009, her bone development was equivalent to that of a ten year old. Of course Brooke has had some health problems, but she has recovered sometimes spontaneously. For example, Brooke was only four years old when she fell into a fourteen day lethargy. The doctors diagnosed her with a brain tumor. After the parents bought a casket for her, she woke up like nothing had ever happened. What I am so intrigued by is how unique she is. The only thing doctors can do at this point is rule out rival hypotheses. I could be a simple miracle, but scientists are skeptical and strive to scientifically explain this. All around the country, doctors could guess what might cause this across the world, but Dr. Richard Walker and geneticist Maxine Sutcliffe have to work together to rule out other hypothesis. This, in the world of medicine, is sometimes the best way to narrow the results. Many times diagnosing a patient is a "team endeavor". Doctors will give a diagnosis and after many tests, the patients doctor must rule out other hypothesis. In the end, however, the doctor will try his/her best to correctly diagnose the patient. In this case, Walker could claim one mutation for example, but in this case this claim requires extraordinary evidence. However, it seems like doctors have not been able to diagnose Brooke. Maybe she holds the secret to staying young forever? Stay tuned Vogue Magazine! [Picture 2] -Ishan S. Article Used: http://abcnews.go.com/2020/Health/story?id=7880954&page=1 Picture 1: http://www.google.com/imgres?q=brooke+greenberg+life&um=1&hl=en&biw=1040&bih=632&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=QX3-Dun2avE9dM:&imgrefurl=http://www.comicvine.com/forums/off-topic/5/the-life-of-brooke-greenberg-how-is-it-possible/400631/&docid=y6B78hJjgx8gLM&w=260&h=191&ei=AzKFTt_8L4WFtgf6uP07&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=270&page=1&tbnh=132&tbnw=180&start=0&ndsp=13&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&tx=89&ty=77 Picture 2: http://www.google.com/imgres?q=brooke+greenberg+life&um=1&hl=en&biw=1040&bih=632&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=QhNifKaq9DFz9M:&imgrefurl=http://allofstrange.blogspot.com/2011/05/brooke-greenberg-16-year-old-has-body.html&docid=yHPZtYbFWoTMhM&w=450&h=350&ei=AzKFTt_8L4WFtgf6uP07&zoom=1 (I apologize the pictures are not inserting!)...
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