December 2011 Archives

Neuropsychology

| 1 Comment

In five years time I believe I will remember the few beginning chapters of the semester that dealt with the physiological aspect of the brain. I hope to go to medical school within the next couple of years so I will be dealing a lot with neuroscience, anatomy, and physiology. The reason why I think I will remember this part of the course because I find comfort in science that is more solid and factual than the more obscure aspects of personality and social issues. Even though I enjoy many fields of science, I like being able to concretely describe and define certain fields and also participate in research.

Neuropsychology

| 1 Comment

In five years time I believe I will remember the few beginning chapters of the semester that dealt with the physiological aspect of the brain. I hope to go to medical school within the next couple of years so I will be dealing a lot with neuroscience, anatomy, and physiology. The reason why I think I will remember this part of the course because I find comfort in science that is more solid and factual than the more obscure aspects of personality and social issues. Even though I enjoy many fields of science, I like being able to concretely describe and define certain fields and also participate in research.

Neuropsychology

| 1 Comment

In five years time I believe I will remember the few beginning chapters of the semester that dealt with the physiological aspect of the brain. I hope to go to medical school within the next couple of years so I will be dealing a lot with neuroscience, anatomy, and physiology. The reason why I think I will remember this part of the course because I find comfort in science that is more solid and factual than the more obscure aspects of personality and social issues. Even though I enjoy many fields of science, I like being able to concretely describe and define certain fields and also participate in research.

5 years, human development

| 1 Comment

I was extremely fascinated by the human development. I think the concepts of human sexual relations and a woman's body adapting to pregnancy are very interesting. In chapter 10, sections 10.3- 10.6 were possibly my favorite out of the entire book. The photos of the embryo, fetus, and the recognizably human form were very mesmerizing. Normally, I would see these photos in a icky email forwards where they are really unappealing, but seeing them in the text book, where they belong for informational purposes was really exciting for me. What also stuck with me was that the brain starts developing after only 18 days of fertilization! Can you believe that?!
Motor development also was pretty interesting, especially the factors that influence it. Some of the key factors were physical maturation, which depends on the child's body weight. Cultural and parenting practicing were huge factors in development. Many babies are swaddled because it resembles much of the mothers womb. This occurs a lot in Peru and China. I liked the concept of reaching for a cup of coffee and how many physical adjustments our body has to make before we are able to do that, and how much physical maturation we must have developed before we can do certain things. I think its really cool that our bodies can adapt our physical abilities to almost any situation. Many of these movements depend on our weight, and maintaining a healthy weight is key to have exceptional motor and physical ability.


New hope

| No Comments

Several years from now I'll still remember how psychologists can employ tactics in operant conditioning to treat children with autism. The video that we watched about this really fascinated and uplifted me. I was surprised at how much it seemed to hit home considering I don't even know anyone with autism. I am a psychology major unknowing of which specific direction I'd like to take in the field, but this video inspired me to want to work with children as well as adults with autism.

I think it's amazing that people many years ago used to think this disorder doomed its victims to a life of isolation and uselessness to society, and yet today we know how to help these individuals lead fulfilling lives. It's incredibly inspirational. The advancements aren't technological; they stem from psychological findings purely related to human interactions. A psychologist can serve as a teacher who uses positive reinforcement gently to guide a child to certain desirable behaviors. In a relatively short amount of time, a child with autism can learn to sit on her chair when asked. She only needs patience when she does not obey and rewards when she begins to obey.

I think psychologists who use operant conditioning treat children with autism have one of the most rewarding jobs out there. I feel fortunate just to have been able to learn about this phenomenal progress and to be given a great motivation to try to be apart of and possibly even expand it.

This site provides some further information on such treatments:
http://aimautismservices.com/program_description.html

Future Me?

| No Comments

So I think that the form of psychology that I will use the most would be the developmental psychology. My goal in 5 years is to hopefully be working in either the children's ward of a hospital or at a children's hospital as a nurse or a nurse's assistant. /Users/nikkisomppi/Desktop/Rachel+Hunter+Visits+Sydney+Children+Hospital+-2dWyk5zAmdl.jpg
I think it would be very interesting to see the developmental differences that certain children have whether they are sick with a developmental disability or an illness. Children are adorable and can be studied without them even understanding what is going on because they are learning at their own speed of learning. For example a friend's daughter is a little over a year old and she is already coloring with crayons!
That is why I think that I would use child psychology and developmental psychology in 5 years!

Principles of Scientific Thinking

| No Comments

To be perfectly honest, the aspect of this course that will most likely stay with me the longest is that of the six principles of scientific thinking. So incessantly drilled into our memories were these concepts at the onset of each chapter quiz, that I don't think they will ever leave me. However, there is another reason, and that is that this is my first social sciences-oriented class in college, and my first exposure to such principles. Upon becoming familiar with them, I immediately became quite interested with them and began constantly applying them to other situations and disciplines in my life which they seemed to very often be applicable, certainly more so than I would have originally anticipated.

Most significantly for me personally is parsimony. The scientific principle of parsimony is truly one of the most important mind sets one can develop. I now am constantly searching, mentally analyzing every decision I come across to ascertain whether or not my choice is going to represent the most simplistic, straight-forward answer. "Entities should not be multiplied beyond necessity" is, of course, Occam's Razor and will feature prominently for me especially in the next few years wherein I will be studying philosophy, but more than that, it features prominently in my every day life as well. More than just my views on science, parsimony has lately dictated my views on religion, politics, and even music. I owe psych 1001 the credit for this.

Here's an informative article on the subject!

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/424706/Ockhams-razor

"P" is for "Paja" & "Psychology."

| No Comments

It's been a crazily amazing first semester for me as a first year undergraduate student at the University of Minnesota. PSY 1001 and psychology itself has given so much more input with a broader outlook on human nature and why we think, and behave the way we do.

I have touched based on familiar concepts that I have learned throughout my high school years, and I've also acquired so much more, adding on to my new knowledge and emphasizing the different concepts that are related to not just the course itself, but also to everyday life.

I know for a fact that I will remember many concepts five years from now. However, I think the concepts on personality will always give me insight to not just my life, but to the lives of others. From my previous blog, I've talked about my interests in personality, and in all honest truth, the topic of personality itself will always amaze me. Digging deep into it will leave us with complex thoughts and questions that will leave us curious with the will to understand more. Then again, that is an aspect of psychology that will always leave us looking for more answers regardless of what it may be.

Jersey Chasing? It's only natural.

| No Comments

This semester I was very intrigued by Chapter 11 in the book: Emotion and Motivation. In particular, there was a section named Attraction, Love, and Hate: The Greatest Mysteries Of Them All. What I found fascinating in this section was the fact that they explained the differences in what men and women find attractive in each other. Obviously, I thought, this could help me out in the future! The book explained that women have to put more time and effort, or Parental Investment as the book says, into having offspring than men do. In turn, women look more for partners with status and the ability to provide. Men, on the other hand, look at health and attractiveness more than anything else.

I thought this was quite funny because I kind of agree with it. Whenever I like someone or think they are cute, all my friends totally disagree! Literally every single time I like someone, everybody else thinks he is ugly. This shows that I am less into what a guy looks like. I'm not necessarily into how 'popular' a guy is, but I definitely am interested in how well rounded and well he gets along with other people.

This trend is also very prevalent in the media, especially with shows such as Basketball Wives and Football Wives. These shows are solely based on the fact that gorgeous women with beautiful bodies are dating, not necessarily good-looking men, but men with fame, money, and status.

basketball-wives-season-3.jpg


It may seem very superficial, but the idea that men look for beautiful women and women look for men with status all has to do with the biology of sexes.

Sources:

Psychology: From Inquiry to Understanding (Scott Lilienfeld, Steven Lynn, Laura Namy, and Nancy Woolf)

The Biology of Sleep

| No Comments

After the completion of PSY 1001, no other concept will remain as interesting to me as the concept of sleep in Chapter 5, The Biology of Sleep in the Lilienfeld text. For years I have continuously had interesting dreams. I constantly dip in and out of dreams and always wondered how and why they happened. After reading the Lilenfeld text and learning about sleep in lecture, I am now able to share my knowledge of sleep with others. I know that there are five stages of sleep. In stage 1, I know that my brain is powering down by 50% and I am more relaxed and scrambled, bizarre, and dreamlike images flit in and out of my consciousness. During stage 2 of sleep, my body temperature decreases, my muscles relaz and my eye movements ceases. This is where I spend 65% of my sleep. In stages 3 and 4, I am in a much deeper slow-wave sleep. In stage 5 is where I experience REM sleep, the stage in which sleep during which the brain is most active and during which vivid dreaming often occurs.

I also know that when I become aware of my dreaming, I am experiencing lucid dreaming. This happens to me often, and now that I have taken the course, I can finally understand what this concept is and put a name to my experiences when I share them with others. Also, I will be able to tell them that the theory that our dreams only occur in a few seconds is false. It is more likely that if I felt I was dreaming for 45 minutes, I actually was dreaming for that amount of time.

Lastly, because of the psychological concept of extraordinary claims, I will not be prone to believe so quickly the dream theories that psychics predict about your dreams.

I am extremely happy that the concept of sleep, amongst several other PSY concepts and ideas, are ones that will remain with me for a long time. I am glad that I will be able to share my newfound knowledge with others!

Five Wet Monkeys

| No Comments

Our discussions of the Milgram Obedience experiment reminded me of a similar, but different idea--not obedience to authority, but obedience to tradition.

In this story, there are 5 monkeys in a cage, with bananas hung on the top of the cage. There is a stool in the room which would allow a monkey to reach the bananas. However, once a monkey got on a stool and tried to reach for a banana, all of the monkeys would be sprayed with cold water. Later, another monkey would try to get on the stool and grab a banana, but again, the monkeys would all be sprayed with cold water. Pretty soon, the monkeys all begin to prevent any monkeys from attempting to get on the stool to grab a banana. If a monkey tried to do so, the other monkeys would attack them because they do not want to get sprayed with water.

After this, one of the monkeys is removed and replaced by a new monkey. This monkey, having not seen the effects of getting on the stool to grab a banana, obviously tries to. The other four monkeys attack the new monkey. Another old monkey is replaced by a new monkey, and not surprisingly, the new monkey is attacked when he tries to reach for a banana. Yet this time, the monkey who had just recently been added joins in on the attack.
Eventually, all of the old monkeys are replaced one by one with new monkeys, who all try to reach for the banana and get attacked by the other monkeys.

After all of the old monkeys have been replaced, you are left with five monkeys in a cage, none of which have ever been splashed with water (the other monkeys attacked him before he had the chance to cause the splash), who will all attack any monkey who tries to reach for the banana. They do not know why they are attacking anyone that tries to reach for the banana, but they do anyways. Why? Because that's the way things have always been done of course.

This story shows us why it is important to view the world and our traditions with a healthy level of skepticism. So much of what we do in life, we do not because we make a logical decision to do so, but because it is a habit--it is how things have always been done. Why are there so many rituals in Christianity that differ dramatically from the original teachings of Jesus (dressing nice for church, singing hymns together, etc)? Why are there so many rules and traditions in the military with no logical reason for them? Because that's how things have always been done. There are countless examples of things that we do not because they make sense, but because it is what has always been done.

While I am not saying that we should tear down all of our cultures and traditions and start fresh logically, it is not wrong to pause every once in a while before you do something and ask, "why exactly is it that I am doing this?"

Human development

| No Comments

It's hard to pick one psychological concept out of many described in this course, but I believe Human Development is practical of all. Most of us at one point in the future will find ourselves parenting children, and some of us including myself already have children. Knowing physiology of human development will ease the understanding of children at different stages of development. This will optimize my and your communication with child and ability to understand child's thinking process at different ages. It will also help me to develop healthy environment to raise a child by recognizing social and biological influences on development. Of course the parenting style which is another important aspect I will use in raising a child at any stagy of development. I believe it's important to all know the basic principals of development because by using them we can maximize the child's ability and help them to grow in to physically and mentally healthy adults. This is a long term involvement and investment of basic knowledge of human development and as for me I will continue to educate myself in the subject of human development by taking more courses.Reading the chapter 10, I was pleased with myself by recognizing the right parenting skills I already developed.

The Future

| No Comments

For me, I'm not really sure there is one concept in particular that I will remember more than another. There is a group of them. I plan on becoming a high school Agricultural Education teacher, so anything that will help me with that is important.

agriculture-400.jpg

Helping students become the best they can be is one of the main goals that I would have. Being able to identify signs of stress and behavioral problems (and their causes) is needed to make sure students have a safe and productive learning environment.

stress.jpg

In addition to behavioral things, it is important to know how people learn and remember. The key to success is finding the best way to fit everyone's different learning styles.

classroom.jpg

But overall, I think being able to identify and explain why people do things will be the most useful thing. Knowing why people conform in different situations, or what the proximity of talking distances can tell us is crucial. It's the essence of our human behavior. Social skills are not only important to have with the students, but also with other co-workers and professionals. Psychology is something that I use everyday, and I look forward to seeing how it helps me in my career setting in the future.


Information learned from "Psychology: From Inquiry to Understanding" by Scott Lilienfeld, Steven Lynn, Laura Namy, and Nancy Woolf.

The Future

| No Comments

For me, I'm not really sure there is one concept in particular that I will remember more than another. There is a group of them. I plan on becoming a high school Agricultural Education teacher, so anything that will help me with that is important.

agriculture-400.jpg

Helping students become the best they can be is one of the main goals that I would have. Being able to identify signs of stress and behavioral problems (and their causes) is needed to make sure students have a safe and productive learning environment.

stress.jpg

In addition to behavioral things, it is important to know how people learn and remember. The key to success is finding the best way to fit everyone's different learning styles.

classroom.jpg

But overall, I think being able to identify and explain why people do things will be the most useful thing. Knowing why people conform in different situations, or what the proximity of talking distances can tell us is crucial. It's the essence of our human behavior. Social skills are not only important to have with the students, but also with other co-workers and professionals. Psychology is something that I use everyday, and I look forward to seeing how it helps me in my career setting in the future.


Information learned from "Psychology: From Inquiry to Understanding" by Scott Lilienfeld, Steven Lynn, Laura Namy, and Nancy Woolf.

Social Psychology

| No Comments

My favorite topic throughout this course has to be social psychology. I have absolutely fallen in love with this topic. Understanding why people make choices and how they deal with the choices they have made in life is very interesting. Not only does social psych explains why others act the way they do but it also helps us understand our internal reasons for acting. Learning all the things I have in this section such as conformity helps me look back in life and laugh at some of the decisions I have made. Conformity is an interesting act that we humans do on a regular basis not knowing we have done it. I know that I conform because I wanted to be viewed as a normal human being. Who would not want that? Sometimes conformity can be bad but humans are not perfect. I also found that cognitive dissonance theory is pretty interesting. We unknowingly rearrange ourselves to believe things so we do not have dissonance. For example if Sam beats up Jake he will tell his self that Jake deserved it because he is a total jerk which will reduce his dissonance. The violent act "I just punched Jake" and his belief of his self "I am a good person", so that these two thoughts will not conflict and cause dissonance Sam will say that Jake deserved it and will most likely use some sort of internal attribute to make this justification. Social psychology is just fascinating and I could go on about it all day. I think social psychology will stay with me for many years and will help me be a better person and make better decision further in life. The reason I say this is because the material covered in this section is content that relates to everyday life and is interesting as well.

Multiple Intelligences

| No Comments

Growing up, I always believed I wanted to be around people that were just like me, have friends that were just like me, and even get married to someone just like me. As I became involved in several different organizations and took on more leadership roles, I learned that different personalities help to contribute different strengths to a group. As a result, people with different strengths and personalities work together more effectively. Learning about multiple intelligences only reinforced what I had learned through experience.

I believe that the concept of multiple intelligences will be one that I remember and utilize for the rest of my life. This may not be an area that all psychologists agree on, but many scientists have worked on this concept. I believe that people do have different intelligences. I will continue to remember this concept is because it plays a role in many aspects of life. Whether it is at work or when choosing a life partner, I will consider the idea of different ways of thinking and how that affects relationships.

Here is a website that connects team building and multiple intelligences:

http://www.singaporeteambuilding.com/teambuilding/multiple_intelligence_and_teambuilding.htm
MI #1.jpg
MI #2.jpg

Learning From a Psychological View

| No Comments

concept that I think I will remember five years down the road is the concept and chapter on learning. I think I will especially remember the concept of classical conditioning because it applies to and will be relevant in my everyday life. This especially includes advertising where things that are typically seen as pleasant are paired with a product to make that product seem pleasant as well, but also includes getting over fears, or getting used to new things and routines that may seem uncomfortable at first. Another part of the learning concept that I will remember later in life is the concepts of punishment to weaken the probability of a behavior and reinforcement to strengthen the possibility of a behavior. I think this concept will be most relevant when I have children and when discipline becomes a more important part of my life in raising my children. This can also be used if I have a pet five years down the road in training to encourage and discourage certain behaviors. I think I will remember the concept of learning the most because it addresses something that is happening all the time every day. In hockey if you score more goals you get more ice time; if you reward a child for using the toilet they will eventually become toilet trained; if you get a raise for working hard you will work harder. These are things that are typically seen as a given, but by exploring this concept in depth I now know, not only that they simply happen, but WHY they happen.

Dreams

| No Comments

The one topic in psychology that I will always remember, is everything we learned on sleep and dreams. We didn't spend much time on it during the lectures, but I still found it very interesting and I read over it in the book multiple times. Dreams and sleep are two things in my life that I pay a lot of attention to. I love sleep and can't seem to get enough of it, and it seems as if I have really crazy and vivid dreams all of the time. I even started writing my dreams down right away when I wake up so I can show everybody how crazy they are. In one of them I experienced a lucid dream, which is where you know you are dreaming. The different stages of sleep helped me get some understanding of why I have a lot of vivid dreams. I know we experience dreams in REM and NREM sleep, but the more vivid come from the REM. I don't think it's because of REM rebound because I experience these almost every night even when I do get a good amount of deep sleep. There are many articles on the internet about people who experience the same thing as I do, and nobody can explain why they happen so frequently. Hopefully in the future psychologist find more information on things like this.

Five Years From Now...

| No Comments

Five years from now I am sure that I'll remember the topic from last week's discussion session, specifically the Milgram study. Not because we just did it last week but because my reaction to the video we watched was much more emotional than anything else we've done. I was, and still am, pretty disturbed by the number of participants in the study who were able to continue to the very end. In the Lillienfield text, this idea was equated to those Nazi's who blindly followed Adolf Hitler's orders. I will never look at blindly following directions the same way-even when I can be sure the consequence is not harm to another person. I will always remember that this was presented as a possible explanation of Nazi soldiers' actions and will always disagree. Just as I will always feel confused and alarmed by people who can continue to deliver shocks up to 450 volts to another person, even if they are not actually hurting anyone.

The Asch study was also very confusing to me. I don't understand why people would go along with the crowd when they knew the crowd was wrong. I will remember this forever because, I believe, the lesson is that you should never be afraid to speak up and disagree with the majority when you believe strongly in your own opinion.

Take me as I am

| No Comments


The part of psychology I think I will always remember is the Big Five Model of Personality. This section was very interesting to me and really made me think about myself and my personality as a whole. Sometimes you don't think you are a certain way until you actually look into it. Like if someone were to ask me before learning about the Big Five if I thought I was open to new experiences I probably would have replied yes, but now not so much. Now I know that openness to new experiences does not necessarily mean outgoing, but it is more of how likely are you to feel comfortable doing something brand new. It is all very intriguing and could even be helpful later on. Everyone knows about interviews and how they ask you different things about your personality. With a further understanding of my own personality this part should prove much easier. Overall, I feel I will remember personality as a whole, because it is such an important part of a person and it is fascinating how different ones personality can be from even their family members.


2011-08-23 08.51.06.jpg

My Honduran mama and I

Talk to Me

| No Comments

During my first few weeks of college, I was incredibly worried about finding a major. I was initially intent on pursuing a degree in political science, but after a few classes I realized it wasn't for me. After many sleepless nights and a few "Discover your Major!" seminars, I decided to do some introspective thinking. I asked myself, "What is something that you could do for forever?" After pondering this for a few minutes I decided that the answer was... talk to people! And so my journey as a communications major began. I first had my doubts about this major, ever since high school I had heard "Communications majors are for people who don't know what to do with their life." But the more I thought about this the more I thought, "Perfect!" Nothing appeals more to me than having limitless opportunities in the job market as opposed to setting myself up for a single career for the rest of my life.
Five years from now I see myself just entering the job market, probably more flustered than ever. But I have no doubt that my knowledge of social psychology will give me an edge among my fellow coworkers. As a communications major, one can expect to do a good amount of public speaking. But what is more important than public speaking are the conversations that one will have with clients. Topics discussed such as interpersonal perception, social cognition, body language and persuasion will all help me to become a powerful communicator and better communicate with my clients. And that is definitely a skill set worth having!

Learning

| No Comments

I think for me the concept of learning will be the most influential role on my life having to deal with psychology that will still be important to me in 5 years. Learning is something we all must do in order just to survive really. Everything we have learned to do since we were babies is crucial in everyday life just to keep on living day to day. Obviously there are different types of learning and when I say that I mean are we talking about learning in school like how to do various math problems, are we learning how to clean the dishes properly, or are we just learning how to play a new sport. These different learned activities vary in importance. The most important to me in the coming years I think would have to be learning in the classroom as well as learning within a job or career. Using different concepts and research done in psychology on ways to improve our learning and what effects our learning abilities will be good to know when it comes to going to grad school or learning how to do important tasks at a new job. Obviously learning is valuable and important to everyone but for me it's something that I'd like to figure out or solve. What works best for me? What concepts have I learned that I can apply to learn things even better and use these when it comes to my future in school as well as work.

social loafing

| No Comments

I am one of those people who prefer to work with a group on a project. In the book the definition of social loafing is that people work better are more successful on hard tasks in a group and are better at simpler tasks when alone. This is one of the reasons I like working in a group. I can get stuff done alone and I am a hard worker and can usually figure out the problem but it is easier when other minds are working together. For example, in all of my classes we have a final project that we are working on with partners. For each of the projects, as a group, we decided roles for all of us to play, one person runs these tests while someone else runs other tests, and then the other person does the equations to find the results. This takes the load off of all of the members and makes their job easier instead of one person doing everything at once. The only down side to this is that people will then not work as hard, or will tend to slack off when they are not working on their part of the project. This is supported in this article that I found titled "Evaluation and Performance, a Two-Edged Knife". In this study, participants were told that their suggestions were either going to be evaluated individually or pooled together with other peoples suggestions. The people who were going to be pooled together did better with their suggestions then when they were told they were going to be evaluated individually. http://psp.sagepub.com/content/14/2/242.short

Stress

| No Comments

I think that the theory that I will most likely remember in five years will be those on stress. As an education major, not only will I have to cope with my own stress, but I will also have to cope with students stress and the effects that stress has on their learning.

With all the different levels of stress, students can have a hard time learning if they are highly stressed. Stress can affect a students immune system, appetite, and sleeping habits. If those are disrupted, a student can have a hard time focusing on school work, in the classroom and at home. However, using the many different coping mechanisms found in our text will definitely help me to help future students in coping with their stress, as well as help me cope with my own stress.

With the many types of methods to cope with stress, I believe that gaining control will be the most useful. Gaining control by being more prepared for a test may help a student who had been stressed about a test and therefore not gotten a lot of sleep the night before feel better about the upcoming test and get a better score the next time around. Decisional control, taking a different course of action, would also be a good recommendation for those who are procrastinators and become stressed because they have a lot of homework to do in a short amount of time.

I believe that what I have learned about psychology and its effects with stress, I will be better able to cope with students stress in five years and many more to come.

Boys to Men

| No Comments

nolen.jpg

Here is a picture of my son Nolen. He will be 6 months old on the 10th of this month.

I honestly want to be the perfect parent to Nolen. I would come home and read to him when I get the chance. Sometimes I play Baby Einstein DVDs for him to watch while I run to the bathroom quickly. But after taking this class I realized that you don't have to be a perfect mom. With the help of taking Psychology 1001, I realized that I just have to be able to be there for him when he needs me. I don't need to be super strict on him and I don't need to enhance his abilities and developments with DVDs and TV programs proclaiming that they will help him. There has been a research done on babies that watch Baby Einstein DVD which has proven that those DVD actually decreases baby's vocabulary. This is where taking this class had help me realized that I need to take researches seriously. I also learned that you don't have to believe everything you read and know you sources well. Psychology has provided many research indicating that providing him with an environment consisting with love, meeting his every day needs, being consistent and providing him with opportunities to explore the world, is the best way to help him grow and develop according to his own personality and abilities.

-------------------------------------------------Sources---------------------------------------------
1.Lilienfeld, Scott, Steven Lynn, Laura Namy, and Nancy Woolf. 2nd ed. Boston: Pearson Learning Solution, 2011. Print. 2."Baby Einstein Products Unfairly Maligned As Harmful." Mommyish. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. .

Obediance

| No Comments

In my opinion, Social Psychology is one of the most interesting subjects we have learned about in psych 1001. The topic of obedience is of (hopefully) many subjects that I will take away from this class and remember in five years. When going over the Milgram paradigm it kind of shocked me. It truly explains a lot of people's inappropriate behavior. In the experiment the subject gives shocks to a confederate and increases the power each time the confederate gets the question wrong. The subject can hear the confederate yelling in pain (although it is just a recording). What helps the subject gain confidence to keep going is that there is a man in the room dressed as a scientist that gives them words of encouragement. Having this man in the room gives them reassurance to keep going. This idea explains a lot of people's behavior. Some of the subjects who are very nice and compassionate would administer shocks to people that were at lethal levels. This seems crazy and ridiculous, but it explains why some very kind and rational people would follow in a fascist movement, like in Germany during World War 2. Having a person of power or someone you can put blame on allows for even the nicest individuals do terrible things. Obedience is an interesting concept, and is something that I think will stick with me not only for five years, but also for the rest of my life.

Classical conditioning

| No Comments

One concept from psychology I will remember 5 years down the line is classical conditioning. I have always had a strong interest in advertising, and classical conditioning is one of the best examples that we see and use every day. I myself am majoring in strategic communication to go into advertising. I had a small amount of knowledge about the psychology of advertising, but classical conditioning made it much more simple to understand, and much more aware of it during commercials and advertisements. Being more aware of it has also helped me a few times too. It kept me from buying a product or being intrigued and curious in a product I would be interested in. Going into the advertising I would be using my knowledge of classical conditioning almost everyday in work to create and match stimuli and responses to create a good and genuine feeling towards a product.

Five Years From Now...

| No Comments

Introverted or extraverted...agreeable or disagreeable? When I am twenty-five years old, I believe that I will be able to understand what kind of a person I will be working for, be married to, and even who is checking me out at the supermarket. This is all thanks to the Big Five Model of Personality. In terms of my employer, this will obviously be a great subject of psychology to have acquired and remember because if he/she is open to experience, he/she may be open to listening to new suggestions for the workplace, but if not, then I may have to limit the amount of creativity I bring to the table. I think this is such a memorable topic because of the amount of applicability to daily life it carries. The Big Five traits are also easy to remember because they are such important traits for a person to have. Being able to identify these types of characteristics in a person will give one a great amount of insight into how that person works and acts in their daily life. Being in this introduction to psychology class has really taught me a great deal and I truly believe that I will be interested in it for a very long time.

Conformity is Forever

| No Comments

conformity.jpg


Maybe it's because this concept is most fresh in my mind, but one idea I have learned in this course that I think I will definitely remember 5 years from now is the idea of conformity and social psychology. As someone who aspires to work directly with people in some sort of counseling position, social psychology and the way individuals behave completely fascinates me. I am especially interested in how people influence others and how the actions within a group are reflected by the actions of individuals. Since we are such social beings, it is inevitable that we will all conform in many, or at least some, ways.

This idea is particularly interesting to me because I feel like conformity is quite a sub-conscious thing I have done. For example, if I spend enough time around a group of people or a friend who uses certain expressions or tones of voice, I find that I begin to use them to. At the same time, if that group of friend thinks one way of another person, take a teacher for example, and until that other person brought it up I had no opinion of that teacher, I find myself agreeing with them on everything they were saying. The actions and decisions of others affect our lives probably stronger than our own actions and decisions to. It is very interesting for me to learn about and examine how we interact and interpret what other people.

Conformity brings about the whole idea of "trendiness" too. Is a trend really anything beyond one person influencing another who in turn influences another and so on and so forth? I am not critiquing those who conform, like I said before it is inevitable, but it is such a complex idea that I know I will spend much time contemplating, especially as I try to make sense of very personal actions and life choices other people have made or experienced. All humans are equipped with free will and the ability to reason and decide within their own mind, so isn't it strange how often we rely on the actions of others?

Scientific Principles

| No Comments

Confirmation Bias.png

This assignment is nearly impossible for me! There have been so many theories and concepts that I found interesting and found myself applying to everyday life (ex: Oh! Anxious-ambivalent attachment so explains that person! I finally understand!) To see how much I've absorbed in this course, one could just ask my husband about how many times a week I nerd out on him, explaining this or that fascinating psychological concept or theory or phenomenon (hint: probably about once a day).

The other reason this is difficult is I intend to major in psychology and, hopefully, do something with it. I don't want to give myself a chance in the five years to forget. I just want to learn more and more with this solid base.

However, for the sake of the blog, I need to choose something to write about. That something is the six scientific principles. I had thought before this class that I was a fairly rationally thinking person. Everyone has their own biases and occasionally faulty heuristics but I'd say I was taught to think critically early on from my scientist father. The scientific principles the book chose to highlight and put into words much of what I had tried to do and I believe that because of this it has made me more effective at it. There have been things I've read for other classes or online which make me think "But there's this possible explanation... they need to rule out a rival hypothesis!" Or I'll overhear or be having a conversation that brings to mind the principles of extraordinary claims or falsifiability (but I don't normally say anything because no one likes to have their own flawed thinking pointed out to them - and I'm sure I'm the same way though I do try to combat it). These principles to keep in mind can and should be applied to almost anything in life. I think their constant use should keep them in my mind for five years and beyond.

The Law of Effect

| No Comments

Acoording to the text book, the law of effect is discovered by Thorndike. Thorndike says that if the result is satisfied, the combination of stimuli and response gets stronger. At the beginning of his experiment, Thorndike said both satisfied and unsatisfied result influence the response, but he fixed his theory later. He says that only satisfied result increase the combination of stimuli and response.

For many years, I've learned that every single result influences my next action. For example, if I get higher score after studying harder, I would love to study harder to get higher score, because I got satisfied result from studying harder; however, if I get unsatisfied score after studying so hard that would not encourage me to study harder. Also, I exercise and find out that I get skinner, I would love to exercise more; however, if I don't see that I'm losing pounds, I would not happy to spend more time to exercise. Through these experiences, I learned that satisfied result helps me to work and study more effectively and makes me confident to practice next action.

After this semester, I will remember about the law of effect for a long time. Because I think it helps encourages and help me to do work better if I use the law effectively.

Obedience and the Holocaust

| No Comments

A topic that will stick out to me in five years was actually read quite recently in our book. It was from the section of social psychology and it was the idea of obedience to authority. This idea was looked at extensively in the Milgram experiment. This experiment looked at too what extent participants would give shocks to others even if the shock levels were dangerous even lethal. The results were astounding in that many people would give lethal levels of shocks if told to do so by an authority figure. This idea is just amazing to me. I can't picture me acting this way in a situation. I always respect authority but I do not see myself severely hurting someone because and experimenter is telling me to do so. This idea of obedience was looked into heavily because of the events that took place in Nazi Germany. One specific example, found on simplepsychology.org, is that of Adolf Eichmann who said that he was merely following orders for his contribution in the Holocaust. I am Jewish so I feel a lot of anger for someone using this as an excuse for their actions. I have not been in the situation he was in but I feel like if I wanted to I could choose not to participate in the mass execution of a people. I am interested to take part in an obedience study even though if I was a participant I could probably see what was going on because of the knowledge learned in this class. This is a very interesting topic that will stick with me in part because of how it was derived and that events connection to me. The lengths people go to in order to obey authority is a very interesting and I would even say crucial discovery in the world of psychology.

http://www.simplypsychology.org/obedience.html

Dealing with Stress

| No Comments

no-stress-sign.jpg


Although there are many concepts that I learned this semester that I feel I will retain in five years, there is one concept that I feel I will definitely remember for years to come: coping with stress. In present day, I already have a difficult time dealing with stress. I tend to worry too much about an upcoming test, overstress about building up a resume for Dental school, and even just about small miscellaneous topics that should not be stressful at all. After reading the chapter on stress, I tried a few of the ways to deal with stress, such as optimism, that were described in the book. Since they were successful, I will most likely continue to use these methods into the future. Unfortunately, as time progresses, I feel like the stressful opportunities will sadly only increase; thus, I feel like the concepts that I have learned in this class about dealing with stress will be very useful in my life, and definitely worthy to remember. I feel if I continue to apply these stress coping strategies that I have learned from this class, I will retain the information for my years to come.

Photo URL- http://www.manageyourlifenow.com/Portals/0/ArticleImages/no-stress-sign.jpg

No one else knows how to drive

| No Comments

While thinking about a psychological concept that will stick with me for years to come I started thinking about daily activities and how what I do relates to psychology. One concept came to mind almost immediately: Social influences and the Fundamental Attribution Error. The Fundamental Attribution Error is the idea that people will use dispositional expanations when talking about the behavior of others but will use situational explanations while talking about our own behaviors. For example, when describing why someone did not do well on a test, I might describe them as being lazy or unmotivated but if I did not do well on a test I would attribute my failure to the fact that the professors designed an unfair test, I got stuck in traffic so I couldn't study, etc.
The reason this concept will stick with me is because no one else in this state can drive!
I bring this up because learning how to drive down here is ridiculous: no one obeys stop lights, stop signs, or just basic courtesy to other drivers. My horn has never gotten more use than it has since coming down here and I seriously wonder sometimes how people still have their license.
Now, my frustration and near-death experiences while driving down here is clearly not my fault (insert sarcasm) but I feel like I should include a disclaimer: I am originally from Alaska where we pretty much have one highway system (if you can even call it that). The highway runs North and South from Seward (literally the end of the road) through Anchorage, up through Fairbanks, and if you want, up on to Canada. There are some branches to smaller towns but this is primarily the extent of our highway system. Driving in Alaska is a much more slow-paced affair than it is compared to the hustle and bustle of a big metropolitan area.
This concept really did get me thinking though: does everyone down here suck as much as I think they do or am I partially to blame? Nah, it's definitely them.

Lethal Shocks in the NAME OF SCIENCE!

| No Comments

During this week and parts of last week our Psychology section studied certain ethics trials including the Milgram study found around page 508-512 in our humongous textbook, which has about as many words as the bible itself I were to guess  (only joking of course.)

Regardless, the Milgram study consisted of an ethics tests constructed in a psychological study consisting of psychologists that are doing a faux study on the test of electroshocks to study some sort of fear response study. The psychologist thought that fear would end in improved memory as a delusion, but actually wanted to see how many patients that were receiving wrong answers would do the study. They underestimated this procedure and believed the number to be around less than 1% of people. In conclusion, it ended up being around 50% of going beyond the lethal amount of electroshocks that were said to be hurtful, but not permanently damaging. This brought to my attention an interesting point and I would have most likely never guessed such a lucrative amount of fellow peers, letting me suffer at a risk of everything. This was interesting and reminded me of World War II in Nazi invaded Germany which influenced thousands of Germans to become Nazi and fight for a cause which many were unsure of. I actually found an interesting article on a similar topic,


http://dailysalty.blogspot.com/2007/11/what-did-ordinary-german-soldiers-think.html

and sure enough you can always turn to your peers about their opinions,

http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20110324130815AAuaPlL.

Sure, Germany was declared War on and sure Adolf Hitler thought in radical and evil ways, but a fine dictator according to the majority of the German population. In result, soldiers were putting hundreds of Jews on trains and shipping them to God knows where!? You see in the study, researchers seemed professional so participants followed in an ethical manner, and most people followed like tests bunnies and listened to the psychologist and thought it was reasonable! To what extent would having another human being suffer for your actions be reasonable, was my question! What bigotry, what spite I thought; how could people be so cruel! While laughing in astonishment of these monsters' actions, I looked in shame, but then thought to myself. What would I do? I would certainly continue if I believed the researcher to be experts to be honest. As long as it did not punish the guy at the other end...Hmm.

However, if I were to hear screams of pain and agony, wouldn't you think anyone would stop? Apparently, not in the research video we watched on Wednesday. If I were in the position I would believe that I would prevent the study from going onward and storm out of the room. After all, if you were to leave a study due to disbelief of productivity, they still have to pay the subject! Here are some interesting videos on that same situation.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XpIzju84v24
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HwqNP9HRy7Y
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AwRhXK1c52w&feature=related

True Love

| No Comments
In five years from now, I think I'm going to remember the concept of having good relationships with others. While all concepts in Psychology are very intriguing, the idea of having a successful relationship is something that everyone dreams for, especially me. While reading the article on BPS Research Digest by Robert Sternberg (http://bps-research-digest.blogspot.com/2011/11/robert-sternberg-understanding-love.html), I found myself nodding and agreeing with what he said. "The theory, addressed to my own relationship, left me with a clear sense of what was not working". This has happened in my life, multiple times, and left me feeling better after getting rid of these relationships in my life. In five years, and in fifty years, I'm sure I'll still be dealing with evaluating relationships I have and working to fix them (especially since I want to eventually become a Marriage or Family Life therapist!). Psychology is so interesting in that theories and claims are easily visible in everyday life, not always like Calculus or Chemistry (my least favorite classes). The concept of Social Psychology, especially with relationships and companionate love, is the most memorable for me.

kissing-under-mistletoe.bmp

MERRY CHRISTMAS!

Pavlov and Thorndike

| No Comments

I have discovered that psychology has many factors that have reached into other classes that I have taken. My major is Ecology, Evolution, and Animal Behavior and as such I found it really interesting to learn about operant and classical conditioning from a psychology point of view compared to the way the concept was covered in my animal behavior classes. In general I find that the different modes of conditioning/learning are really interesting and play a very important role in both human and animal behavior. In one of my other classes

thumbnail (2).jpg
I actually designed an experiment that trained zebrafish to travel through mazes by means of operant conditioning. It was fascinating to see how quickly the fish picked up on learning the task through their increasing speeds. In my future, I am hoping to study different aspects of animal behavior, and I feel that these conditioning techniques will be an important factor in what I may be researching. Therefore, I think that in five years' time I will remember and the concepts of conditioning, as they will be prevalent to my work.

Memory

| No Comments

One of the many things that will stick with me five years from now is what I've learned about the modal model of the mind and the capacities of sensory, short term and long term memory and the tools we can use to enhance encoding important information into our minds.
I've always had really good work ethic; having said that, I've been a lousy test taker. My great work ethic has helped me to offset my mediocre test taking abilities and I've been able to pull off some really good grades as a result. My mindset was I didn't think I would do well in this Psychology class because of the way the exams are set up. Most of us know our psychology tests are challenging to say the least. The test questions are ambiguous and difficult and there is an enormous amount of information to understand and retain. After getting two C's on the first two exams, I used a different approach to study. Using distributed versus massed practice, mnemonic devices and elaborative rehearsal paid off, I got an A- on my 3rd test! I hope I can do the same for the final and it wasn't just a fluke; perhaps that test was much easier than the other two. In any event, I'll continue the approach.
What I've learned about memory and study habits have changed the way I view myself and my memory and will use that to tackle my future study endeavors as well as my work.

A Lifelong Studying Habit

| No Comments

After this semester, what I will remember five years from now is the law of distributed versus massed practice. This practice shows that studying information in small increments over time (distributed) is a lot better for memory than studying large increments over a brief amount of time (massed).
I will remember this concept for the rest of my life because this practice has already made a great impact on my learning and memory for exams. Before this year, I would always cram the next day before tests.
cramming.jpg
Fortunately, my tests were decent; however, when it came time to study for the finals, I would never seem to remember the material as well as I should. Now, I start studying a week or so ahead of the test, and the results have shown in my test scores and memory retention, especially as finals are coming up.
ajpg-46fe16644b305d65_large.jpg
Overall, I really would like to make distributed studying a lifelong habit. If it were not for this psychology course, my studying skills would not be where they are today. For all of the valuable, interesting information I have learned, including this concept, it has really made me enjoy this class even more.

The Power of Authority and Obedience

| No Comments

Last week in Psychology 1001, we learned about the Milgram study and the power of authority, and it is something I will never forget. In the Milgram study, found on page 508 to 512 in our textbook, a teacher would be told by an authority figure, a man in a white coat, to deliver a shock to the learner every time they got an answer wrong. The shocks increased over time, up to a lethal 450 volts. Unknown to the teacher, the learner was an actor and no shocks were delivered at all. What the research was looking for, is to see when the participant would chose to discontinue the experiment or if they would continue all the way to the lethal 450 volt shock. When I was reading this study, I was thinking that very few people would continue all the way up to the top and most of the participants would quit the experiment fairly early. Actually, most participants continued to at least 150 volts and an astonishing 62 percent continued all the way to 450 volts. To me, that is crazy. I could not believe average people would continue and be able to create so much pain in someone else. I always thought making people obey someone required that "authority" to be someone that is an evil genius, like Adolf Hitler.
200px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-S33882,_Adolf_Hitler_retouched.jpg
But it seems that one does not have to be so special as an authority figure to change people's behavior. I will remember this experiment forever because I now know that a person that is viewed as a figure of authority has the power to make the average person to change their behavior to do great and terrible things.

Tough Love vs. Tender Love

| No Comments

Research has shown that our childhood definitely affects who we are as a person, the decisions we make, and the values we keep. According to the attachment theory the parenting style of rejecting care leads to children growing up being unable to trust anyone. On the other extreme, those who were raised with a responsive caring style develop into very trusting people. Both parenting styles seem to bring about some very serious relationship problems.
However, from experience I believe that parenting styles are not the only factors. If someone who is very trusting at first and has multiple relationships with people who use him/her, treat him unfairly or in a cruel manner, then eventually that person will start to not trust people and ask more questions than before.
Tough love is not always bad. It can make some be more independent and aware of people out there that are not always trustworthy. However, too much tough love is not always effective because having no trust in anyone leads to a very difficult path with relationships. Both tough and tender loving is needed with children, but not to the extent to where it is inconsistent to the point that the child does not understand why his mom reacts differently each time the same situation occurs. Similar situations or events should induce the same love; either, tough or tender.

The Power of Obedience

| No Comments

The thing I will remember and will be most vivid in my mind years from now is the Milgram Paradigm. Reading this study was an eye opening experience for me. I had always understood obedience and I thought everyone had some level of obedience in them, but I never realized to what extent. The findings were remarkable and chilling. To think that people would go along with that level of obedience no matter what the cost scares me. It scares me for our present and it scares me for our future. It truly puts into perspective how powerful power really is.

Not only does it make me scared because of the way people would misuse their power, but what I might do. I would like to believe that I would disobey authority figures if they made me do something I knew was unethical and in Milgrams study I honestly think I would have refused. In other situations I might just follow what an authority figure is telling me. I might mess with the accounting numbers to make them look better or give employees less benefits to gain greater revenue to make an authority figure approve. These things are just as morally wrong as Milgrams study and I am scared of my own power. In the end I know that the power is mine and as long as I am able to live up to my values I will never have a problem, but this is something that I need to keep in mind as obedience is a big part of society.

How We Learn and Conform

| No Comments

Five years from now I think I will remember topics in social psychology and learning. Both can relate to many aspects of my life-school, work, family, and friends-both now and in the future.

I found the information on conformity and obedience thought-provoking. It made me consider the times when I have conformed to what others were doing and obeyed an authority figure. The situations posed in discussion made me consider how far I would go to conform and obey. I think this thought process will be important throughout my life when making decisions. In situations like the elevator I would most likely conform, but I would need to put more consideration into other decisions. I have learned that conformity can sometimes be beneficial and build connections between people. When working on projects with others I notice our language often conforms; we use similar phrases, such as "okay, sounds good," which seem to help us work together better.

I believe the information on operant conditioning and operational learning will also play an important role in my life. I can use operant conditioning reinforcement and punishment techniques in the future, such as using reinforcement after completing projects to prevent myself from procrastinating. When I have children in the future I need to be conscious of observational learning. I will be teaching my children based on my own actions, so I need to make sure I am teaching them to do the right thing.

What I will remember

| No Comments

Looking down the road I hope to be married and be thinking about having kids. The thing that I will remember the most at this point in my life from psychology is the different kind of parenting styles and how they affect how the child turns out. I want to raise my children so that they have discipline but also support and love. According to an article by Kendra Cherry there are four important dimensions of parenting. These four are disciplinary strategies, warmth and nurture, communication styles, and expectations of maturity and control. From these four dimensions there are 3 main types of parenting. These are the types we learned about in Psychology; permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative. Cherry states that the type of parenting can be reflected on certain aspects such as the persons culture, personality, family size, SES, educational level and religion. These are all things that could influence a person in how they raise their children. But, research has found that parents who raise their children with an authoritative style, have limits but are supportive, usually have children who are happy, capable, and successful. From learning about this information in our psychology class I will remember to raise my child in a authoritative style because I have learned that it usually produces the most well-balanced children.

http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/parenting-style.htm

Throughout the semester I have heard over and over again that correlation between two things does not mean that they are the cause of each other. Because I have heard it so much, I honestly feel that if I remember anything from PSY 1001 it would be that.
Knowing that correlation does not mean causation could potentially be helpful in the future. I plan on going into sales and it may be good to keep in mind that there can be more than just one factor that determines how well or bad a product sells. For example if the product sells well and we think that it's because we offer the product at a lower price than the competition, we should remember some psychological and economical principles. There may be multiple factors that contribute to how well our product is selling.
Also, knowing about how correlation does not mean causation has taught me that just because I do okay on a practice exam, that does not necessarily mean that I will do well on the test. I will definitely think of PSY 1001 when it comes to taking practice exams for classes in the future.

chicken jpg

Attributions and Fundemental Attribution Error

| No Comments

In five years from now, I can say without a doubt, I will remember both concepts of Attribution and the Fundemental Attribution Error. Attribution is the process of assigning causes to behavior and the Fundemental Attribution Error is the tendency to overestimate the impact of dispositional influences on other people's behavior.
I had somewhat of an understanding of these concepts from my experiences in highschool. I took note in highschool that people were quick to come up inaccurate assumptions for why other people behaved the way that they did. Sometimes these assumptions resulted in social stigmas that would stay with these unfortunate people for the rest of their highschool career.
By experiencing and knowing others that experienced the wrong end of the fundemental attribution error, I learned to not judge others by their behavior and not to make wild assumptions about their personality and the reasons for these behaviors. These judgements had a tendency to be wrong more than they were right.
Today, I am able to catch others around me making wild judgements about why crimes being reported in the media, had occured. When myself or others create these judgements, I think to myself that we do not know the motives for these crimes and we do not know the person or what they go through on a day-to-day basis. Therefore it is extremely unlikely that we can come up with accurate attributions as to why people are doing the things they do.

Attributions and Fundemental Attribution Error

| No Comments

In five years from now, I can say without a doubt, I will remember both concepts of Attribution and the Fundemental Attribution Error. Attribution is the process of assigning causes to behavior and the Fundemental Attribution Error is the tendency to overestimate the impact of dispositional influences on other people's behavior.
I had somewhat of an understanding of these concepts from my experiences in highschool. I took note in highschool that people were quick to come up inaccurate assumptions for why other people behaved the way that they did. Sometimes these assumptions resulted in social stigmas that would stay with these unfortunate people for the rest of their highschool career.
By experiencing and knowing others that experienced the wrong end of the fundemental attribution error, I learned to not judge others by their behavior and not to make wild assumptions about their personality and the reasons for these behaviors. These judgements had a tendency to be wrong more than they were right.
Today, I am able to catch others around me making wild judgements about why crimes being reported in the media, had occured. When myself or others create these judgements, I think to myself that we do not know the motives for these crimes and we do not know the person or what they go through on a day-to-day basis. Therefore it is extremely unlikely that we can come up with accurate attributions as to why people are doing the things they do.

Attributions and Fundemental Attribution Error

| No Comments

In five years from now, I can say without a doubt, I will remember both concepts of Attribution and the Fundemental Attribution Error. Attribution is the process of assigning causes to behavior and the Fundemental Attribution Error is the tendency to overestimate the impact of dispositional influences on other people's behavior.
I had somewhat of an understanding of these concepts from my experiences in highschool. I took note in highschool that people were quick to come up inaccurate assumptions for why other people behaved the way that they did. Sometimes these assumptions resulted in social stigmas that would stay with these unfortunate people for the rest of their highschool career.
By experiencing and knowing others that experienced the wrong end of the fundemental attribution error, I learned to not judge others by their behavior and not to make wild assumptions about their personality and the reasons for these behaviors. These judgements had a tendency to be wrong more than they were right.
Today, I am able to catch others around me making wild judgements about why crimes being reported in the media, had occured. When myself or others create these judgements, I think to myself that we do not know the motives for these crimes and we do not know the person or what they go through on a day-to-day basis. Therefore it is extremely unlikely that we can come up with accurate attributions as to why people are doing the things they do.

Five years from now

| No Comments

Five years from now, the concepts that I would most likely remember would pertain to emotional influences. Possessing an understanding of these concepts fosters an understanding of one's own emotions. For example, if the facial feedback hypothesis holds true, one could control their emotions simply by making the corresponding facial expression. By smiling or frowning, you change the flow of blood within the vessels of the face, causing a feed back of temperature information to the brain. That information alters our "emotions in predictable ways". If you are feeling down, just smile.
Another concept that can be used to manipulate emotions is the mere exposure effect. If one is exposed to a new and uncomfortable environment, it may not be the best course of action to quit immediately. It just takes time and repetition in order to form familiarity and comfort. This effect also applies in relationships of any kind. The more you are with another person, the more you become comfortable with them and eventually close to them. This concept outlines the simple way of how to move a relationship from being acquaintances to close friends or beyond.

What I Will Remember

| No Comments

080411-b-5.jpg

Looking down the line 5+ years from now, I don't really have any idea where I will be. I graduate at the end of this school session and do not yet have everything laid in stone. One thing I feel that I will remember and retain over the years, looking onto real life with a job and family, will be the different styles of parenting and how it can effect human development. These four different styles of parenting can have very different effects on your children and that in turn helps them to become the good (or bad) people they will grow up to be.


  • Authoritarian parenting is a very strict and often has punishment. Children are often are less happy and have lower self esteem.

  • Permissive parenting, is very relaxed and the parent is more of a friend to the child. There are not many rules and no discipline. Children usually have problems with authority.

  • Uninvolved parenting is when there is no communication and the child feels rejected or neglected a lot of the time. Children tend to rank low in a lot of different areas in life, happiness, self control, low self esteem.

  • Authoritative parenting combines the permissive and authoritarian parenting to support their children but set clear and firm limits with them.


I will take into account each type but believe authoritative parenting will be the main route to take when child rearing. I don't necessarily know if 5 years from now I will be settled down with a family but I will definitely have a better understanding of it if I do.

What I Will Remember

| No Comments

If there is one concept I learned from this class that I would remember in five years it would be the concept of scientific thinking principles. The scientific thinking principles, I believe, were the most crucial aspects of this course. These were the first concepts I learned in this course and the ones I will take with me throughout my life. Ruling out rival hypothesis taught me that there are alternative explanations that should be taken into consideration. Correlation vs. causation taught me that even though things are correlated it does not mean that they cause each other. Falsifiability taught me that a study should be able to be proved wrong. Replicability taught me that results that can be duplicated are stronger results. Extraordinary claims taught me that the evidence should be as strong as the claim. Lastly, Occam's razor taught me that a simpler explanation could fit the data just as well as a complicated explanation. I will remember these concepts not only because they were drilled into my memory by being on every test and on basically every page in the text book, but also because they are applicable to just about everything we learned and will continue to learn in the future.

Consciousness

| No Comments

When I look back throughout the whole semester, it was hard to choose only one subject we talked about that I think will stick with me for a long time. Ironically enough, I think the one that will stick with me the longest is the unit on consciousness. I have always been fascinated with the brain and how it functions in so many ways. Ranging from the sleep cycle to sleep walking and even narcolepsy, the brain has to do so many things even though we are asleep. The complexity of our minds completely blows me away. According to the book the definition of consciousness is "our subjective experience of the world and ourselves. It encompasses our ever changing awareness of thoughts, emotions, bodily sensations, events and actions." The fact that our brain can manage all of this is incredible.

I think one reason I have such an interest in all of the sleeping topics of the consciousness chapter is because I have experience or know people with experience with all of the disorders and differences of consciousness. My grandfather had narcolepsy, which greatly affected his life. I have suffered from insomnia for the last few years of my life. It can be so troubling to not be able to fall asleep at night or when I wake up in the middle of the night and cannot fall back asleep. One other example of experience I have is when my brother was younger he had night terrors. He used to thrash around his room and pound on the walls screaming. We could not do anything about and had to wait it out until he woke up. These disorders can be so troubling, yet there really aren't that many treatments or interventions to solve them.

In the future, I hope to dive deeper into the topic of consciousness. I want to learn more about our brains and how/why these incidents of consciousness (insomnia, narcolepsy, night terrors) occur. Psychology has triggered a lot of my interests in certain subjects, and I am looking forward to pursuing more of these topics in the future.

About this Archive

This page is an archive of entries from December 2011 listed from newest to oldest.

November 2011 is the previous archive.

Find recent content on the main index or look in the archives to find all content.