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Records/CAR


Analysis on Records:
Minority Businesses Shut Out of Stimulus Loans

          For the analysis, I chose investigative story of business. The reporter Aaron Glantz had several visual sources, such as interactive map and pie chart for readers to understand the story better. First of all, the interactive map of America's Recovery Capital Stimulus Loans was well made. By scrolling, it was easy to zoom in and zoom out from the map. Also, the chart of each state's loan and population percentage of different race groups showed up by clicking the state. The map was easily accessible and clearly organized. Moreover, three pie charts of stimulus loans to distressed small business, percent of business ownership, and percnet of U.S. population was very easy to understand. The significant difference between different races clearly showed by just taking a one look. It does not require much time to understand the information.
          Glanz used different records to produce the story: Demographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau, For the pie charts, he gathered information from ARC loan statistics from the U.S. Small Business Administration, population percentages 2008, business Ownership percentages are from the Census' 2002 Economic Census: Survey of Business Owners. Although there are a lot of numbers mentioned throughout the story, it is easy to read because the information is clearly organized by supporting the main point. Also, he interviewed different sources and produced variety of views about the subject. Overall, Glanz did a very nice job incorporating the data using computer skills and organizing the important data for his story.

 

Diversity

 

Analysis: When Death Visits a Popular Beauty Salon

                      Often, newsroom sends journalists who are more familiar with that group who can reflect on the coverage. The reporter of this story is assumed to be hispanic based on his name and the story is focused on hispanic group. In this case, journalist of color The story is about the death of popular beauty salon's owner, Joselin Castro.

                      University of Minnesota graduate student, Dina, who came from Gana said she thinks the reporter does not moves beyond the stereotype. Because the reporter portrays how Castro moved to United States and saying she was a hard worker, it seems it is very stereotypical type of the story. He used attributions from her clients from the past, which are all hispanic. The reporter also used an observation to set the mood of the story. He also used a lot of quotes while he was observing people around the beauty salon. The reporter captured heart-warming scenes of grieving people very well.

 

 

Numbers

 

Analysis: New CDC estimates show what toll swine flu is taking in U.S.

            This article about swine flu uses numbers several ways in the story. The numbers are little overwhelming, because there are numbers in every paragraphs. However, there is really no other way to replace the numbers, because the purpose of the story was written to inform readers about the numbers related to swine flu. But, it would be nicer to include poll data for the story and more use of percent, rather than rough numbers.

            For the death and H1N1 infection case, total number and the range of sample were presented. Also, the percent was used in presenting the number of drug usage.

            The reporter used math to tell the story more effectively using percent to help understanding. The sources of those numbers came from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, public health agency, and pharmaceutical company. All the sources were listed clear and completly in the story.

 

Obituary

 

Analysis: Obituary

                            When death occurs unnaturally, such as Fort Hood mass shooting, it becomes a news story. But when it occurs naturally, reporter writes obituaries. Obituaries are longer than death notices, which also provides more history and detail about that person.

                            I will take a look at the obituary story, "Paul C. Zamecnik, Biologist Who Helped Discover an RNA Molecule, Dies at 96," from the New York Times for this analysis.

                            The lead have a standard obituary lead which starts with his name, stating identifying fact or characteristic, and ending with when and where the person died. This lead work because it is simple and includes all the essential information.

                            Obituary differs from the resume because it includes interviews with friends, colleagues, and family members. In this case, obituary was written in more professional angle, using quotes and paraphrasing his colleagues about  Zamecnik's work.

                            The basic facts were stated in this obituary; address, cause of death, and background information were listed in the classic New York Times formula.

 

 

Speeches/Meeting

 

Analysis: Covering the speech and meeting

                         Covering the speech can be thought as easier than covering the breaking news. However, processing information on deadline, choosing what is important, and fact-checking is very important. Also, deciding quotes and paraphrasing is important part of covering the speech. The lead should summarize the most newsworthy point the speaker made. The rest of the story should use quotes, descriptions, and background information effectively.

                          Covering the meetings are little different from covering the speech. The meeting gives an idea to the pulic what is going on in our society. The news reporter's role is to provide useful material to its readers.

                          For example, Hoboken City Council Meeting covered the agency name, location, and length of the meeting in their story. The quotes were used and the important decision was being quoted. The reactions and the majority opinion of the group were described with the size of the crowd. Also, it explainned what will happen next. The report of the meeting stated the most important facts from the meeting. Comparing the report from the agenda, report is easily written to help public's understanding on the subject.

 

Multimedia

 

Analysis: The New York Times and CNN

 

                        The New York Times includes a photographs for almost every story. Sometimes, there is a video clip for some story. They also offer audio slide show. The photographs were largely used in stories about accidents and events. For the hard news stories, the photograph explains the scene and brings reality to its readers. The photograph for the feature story gives more insight and emotion to the story.

                        The new story itself does not describe the background or the situation in fancy way. They usually just deliver the important facts to inform people about it. Photograph supplement the news story by orienting the readers more visually.

                         For example, the story about one journalist held by the Taliban provides video and photographs. The video feature and the photograph gives more visual idea for readers to consider.

                        CNN mainly uses video as a multimedia features. They also have radio and podcasts service. The video feature tells the story by itself and the writing usually explains the story in more specific detail. Their writing is written in clear form with easy words to read. The interviews are the big part of the video clip in the news stories. The story about the war usually involves footage of the scene and the action. The multimedia writing is just like writing the lead which has all the important facts in few sentences.

Structure

Analysis: 3 Minnesotans Died from H1N1 Flu

                     News story has to be in simple and clear format. The overall structure is important in reporting for delivering the news to its readers. If the format is free with no rules, readers will be confused with the information.

                     The Pioneer Press and the Star Tribune both reported their story using the inverted pyramid structure, following the hard news story format.

                     Both of their leads included the most important key facts of the story. Then the additional facts came after the lead, explaining more details to the readers.

                     The order of the information was organized in descending order and it was effective because it was easy to read and follow the story.

                     The reporters summarized the important facts and informations using quotes and paraphrasing from the official source.

                     With the same topic, this story can be written in the martini glass form, unfolding the event and using a chronological narrtive. However, the inverted pyramid format fitted nicely with this news story.

Attribution

 

                 Analysis: Iran is Building an Uranium Plant

          

                    Writing a good story requires attributing facts, opinions, and quotes clearly from the sources. People should get credit for what they said. The common knowledge does not get attributed, but new information should be attributed.

                    The New York Times and the Chicago Tribune attributed different sources for their story. Mostly, information was from the people and the organization. 

                    The official and professional sources were used for their story. Both newspapers named the presidents of three countries, but others were referred as "officials."

                    The New York Times paraphrased President Obama's statement but the Chicago Tribunes used quotation. The quotation was more effective for bringing real feeling. Also, the direct quotation was good for President Obama's case, because he has the authority.

                     The attributions were scattered throughout the story. Reporters used direct quotation, paraphrasing, and summarizing in their story.

 

The Lead

Analysis: South Africa Official Apologies on Runner's Gender Test

                The lead is important because it sets the image of the story for its reader. Both stories leads were writen in one sentence and it was easy to find the action.

                The story by Chicago Tribune was detailed in what happened. Moreover, it includes all of the five W's: which are who, what, when, where, and why. The lead sentence was written in active sentence which made the story more stronger.

                The story of BBC lacked some information in the lead, it was general but not specific enough to kee pthe reader interested. However, it was more concise and summarized the most important feature of the story.  

             

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