President Obama called for an overhaul of former President Bush's "No Child Left Behind" law, the New York Times reported.
The proposals included eliminating divisive provisions,like encouraging instructors to teach based on tests, crowding out non-math and reading subjects, the Times said.
If the proposals pass through Congress, schools would eliminate the current pass-fail grading system, and would be held accountable not only for the students grades but also for their attendance and the learning climate of the school in general, the Wall Street Journal reported.
The proposals call for steep changes in the currently failing schools and rewards for top schools. The proposal also includes less federal interference in the tens of thousands of schools that are operating to standard, the Times said.
Obama aides describe the plan as "tight on goals, loose on means."
If passed the law would be set to achieve its goal by 2020, the Wall Street Journal reported.
The shift in focus from health care to education shows that Obama is hoping to broaden the Administration's agenda before midterm elections, the Times said.
Though the proposal was configured by a bipartisan committee, it was created heated debate in Congress and with teachers and school administrators, the Wall Street Journal said.
"This appears to place 100% responsibility on teachers and administrators while giving them 0% authority to act," Randi Weingarten, head of the American Federation of Teachers, said in the Journal.
Administration officials have laid out their proposals for the "No Child Left Behind" revisions in briefings this weekend, but did not release their proposals with fine print. Officials said they intended to leave the legislative language up to Congress, the Times said.