Recently in Spring 2003 Category

The Media in Iraq: New Media Outlets Growing in Iraq

By Elaine Hargrove-Simon, Silha Fellow and Bulletin Editor

Although the war with tanks and planes may have ended in Iraq, another
war continues. But rather than being fought with bombs and gunfire, this
war is a war of ideas, and will be fought over Iraqi airwaves.

By Elaine Hargrove-Simon, Silha Fellow and Bulletin Editor

In the weeks since the fall of Hussein's regime, the media in Iraq have experienced phenomenal growth. L. Paul Bremer III, U.S. Civil Administrator for Iraq, told the Washington Post, "There's been a welcome explosion of new media in this country . . . 15 new newspapers in Baghdad alone in the last couple of weeks." According to the Washington Post, the number of publications in Baghdad alone has reached 70. All of the newspapers advocate an independent Iraq, and most seem to favor democratic-style reforms. A report by the BBC noted that many publications are affiliated
with political parties.

The Media in Iraq: Al-Jazeera Television

By Kirsten Murphy, Silha Fellow

Established in 1996, with financing from the emir of Qatar, Al-Jazeera is the only independent broadcasting organization in the Arab states and is watched by 35 million people in the Arab world. The satellite station has a total of 65 million viewers worldwide. But critics have accused the station of being everything from anti-American to anti-Arab to pro-Osama Bin Laden.

Journalists Who Lost Their Lives in the War with Iraq

By Elaine Hargrove-Simon, Silha Fellow and Bulletin Editor

Fifteen journalists have died in the war with Iraq. Five of them died
as a result of friendly fire from Coalition forces; four died in car accidents;
two were victims of enemy fire; one died after stepping on a landmine;
one died in a suicide bombing; one died from a pulmonary embolism; and
one died under accidental circumstances.

By Elaine Hargrove-Simon, Silha Fellow and Bulletin Editor

On May 27, 2003, the United States Supreme Court decided it would not
review the constitutionality of closed deportation hearings despite a
split decision in the Sixth and Third Circuit Courts. (See "Sixth,
Third Circuit Courts Split on Deportation Hearings Question
in the Fall 2002 issue of the Silha Bulletin.)

By Elaine Hargrove-Simon, Silha Fellow and Bulletin Editor

Nineteen-year-old army supply clerk of Pfc. Jessica Lynch was captured in southern Iraq on March 23, 2003, when her convoy made a wrong turn and was ambushed. Nine members of 507th Maintenance Company were killed and five were captured. Lynch reportedly "fought to the death" in order to avoid capture, suffering multiple gunshot and stab wounds. Nevertheless, she was caught and taken to Nasiriyah General Hospital where her captors allegedly used force to interrogate her. Eight days later, tipped off to her location by an Iraqi lawyer who risked his life to pass the information on to U.S. forces, Army Rangers, Marine commandos and Navy SEALs descended on the hospital just after midnight. Lynch was scooped from her hospital bed and whisked to the safety of an American hospital in Germany.

By Elaine Hargrove-Simon, Silha Fellow and Bulletin Editor

On April 8, 2003, a M1A1 Abrams tank from the 4th Battalion 64th Armor
Regiment fired at what was believed to be an enemy lookout in the Palestine
Hotel in Baghdad where a number of Western journalists were staying. As
a result, two journalists, José Couso, a cameraman with the Telecinco
channel in Madrid, and Taras Protsyuk, a cameraman from Ukraine, were
killed in the incident. (See "Journalists Who Lost Their Lives" in this
issue of the Silha Bulletin.)

By Elaine Hargrove-Simon, Silha Fellow and Bulletin Editor

Foreign Journalists Claim Mistreatment by Coalition Forces

Experts Assess Media's Coverage Of the War in Iraq

By Elaine Hargrove-Simon, Silha Fellow and Bulletin Editor
Before the war with Iraq officially began, journalism school deans, professors,
independent editors, journalists and authors sent an open letter to major
media editors, publishers, producers and reporters. Signers included retired
New York Times columnist Tom Wicker; former New York Times
reporter William Serrin; Ben Bagdikian, the former dean of the Graduate
School of Journalism at the University of California at Berkeley; professor
of communication at the University of Illinois at Urbana Robert McChesney;
and authors Studs Terkel and Gore Vidal.

By Anna Nguyen, Silha Research Assistant

CNN footage on April 13, 2003 showed CNN correspondent Brent Sandler and a CNN convoy of SUVs, complete with its own armed guard, approaching Tikrit, Iraq, intending to cover the ef- fects of war in that city. After assessing the damage outside the city, the convoy was stopped at a checkpoint by a group of suspected Saddam Hussein loyalists.

By Elaine Hargrove-Simon, Silha Fellow and Bulletin Editor

Journalist fired for participating in war protest

San Francisco Chronicle reporter Henry Norr was arrested the day
after the war began, on March 20, 2003, at a war protest in San Francisco.
He was one of approximately 1,400 protesters at the event. Along with
his wife and daughter, Norr was charged with being a pedestrian in the
road and blocking traffic, according to the Boston Globe.

By Anna Nguyen, Silha Research Assistant

In March and April 2003, Clear Channel Worldwide Inc.'s radio stations
in several U.S. cities sponsored major "Rally For America" events in support
of the military and war in Iraq. The stations paid for advertising and
hiring musicians for the rallies, the Guardian of London reported
on March 26.



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