Insomnia is a common sleep problem that can have an Affect your quality of life. People who have insomnia have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. They may wake up during the night or early the next morning. There are two different types of sleep problems: short-term and chronic. Short-term sleep problems are often linked to short-term stress. This short-term insomnia can last for days or weeks. Your sleeping patterns will normally return to normal in less than a month. Chronic sleep problem is an ongoing condition. Chronic Insomnia is often a symptom of another health problem such as depression or chronic pain. Insomnia may be caused by multiple things: stress, depression, anxiety, poor sleep habits, changes in sleep habits or surroundings, stimulants, lack of regular exercise or other health problems. There are many different symptoms of insomnia. These symptoms vary for each person. People with insomnia may :
• Have trouble falling asleep. This can mean lying in bed for up to an hour or more, tossing and turning, waiting to fall asleep.
• Wake up during the night and have trouble going back to sleep.
• Wake up too early in the morning.
• Feel tired when they wake up, like they didn't get enough sleep.
• Feel grouchy, sleepy, or anxious, and be unable to get things done during the daytime.
Insomnia cannot be diagnosed by a test. Normally, insomnia is due to some other cause. Your doctor may assess you current health condition or past health problems. Doctors may also perform physical exams, blood tests and on the rare occasion sleep studies to help find out what health problem is causing the insomnia.
Different treatments to insomnia include:
• Go to bed at the same time each night.
• Get up at the same time each day.
• Avoid caffeine and alcohol for several hours before bedtime.
• Get regular exercise (but make sure you finish the exercise at least 3 to 4 hours before you go to bed).
• Avoid daytime naps.
Insomnia is very common and can affect people in all stages of life. 10-15% of adults are affected by insomnia. 20% of children are affected by insomnia. It is more common in women and the elderly.
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