mamro004: October 2011 Archives

By now, you already know the concept of classical conditioning. But I'm going to tell it to you anyways. An unconditioned stimulus (US) causes and unconditioned response (UCR). By associating a conditioned stimulus (CS) with a (US), one can achieve a conditioned response (CR).

Most of us probably see this as a very simple concept that would only work to teach less intelligent species. This works with dogs (think Pavlov), other animals, and babies (think Baby Albert and his fear of white rats). Most people probably believe that they are "too smart" to fall for this or not to recognize when they are being classically conditioned.

However, classical conditioning is all around us; in advertisements, especially. Because of higher-order conditioning, companies can make us feel a certain way towards their product by associating it with something else.

This commercial advertises for Old Spice. It uses approval of attractive women as a conditioned stimulus in order to make the consumer want to buy their product. Although most of us don't think about how advertisements try to condition, consumers are affected daily.

Humans can apparently be classically conditioned on lower levels too. In this video from the office, Jim classically conditions his co-worker, Dwight.

Sorry for the bad video quality. I'm on a horse.

On May, 23 1987, Kenneth Parks, a twenty-three year old man with a wife and an infant daughter, drove 10 miles to his in-laws house and killed his mother-in-law as well as injuring his father-in-law. In court he was found NOT GUILTY of murder because he was "unaware of his actions" due to sleepwalking. Now this seems ridiculous. How can someone walk out of their house, drive a car 10 miles, and kill someone?


http://www.oddee.com/_media/imgs/articles2/a96680_a448_killedinlaws.jpg

Usually when people sleepwalk, they do not engage in any other actions other than walking. When someone is sleepwalking, it usually looks like they are walking normally (maybe a little more clumsily). So for someone to drive a car and commit murder is something extremely uncommon. But with 6 billion people in the world and with 4 to 5% of adults and up to 30% of children having experienced sleepwalking, there are some cases of "extreme sleepwalking."

One man is able to create beautiful artwork (but only when he's sleepwalking.) One women has sex with strangers in her "sleep". People have sleepwalked out of their bedroom windows. This website has more examples of extreme sleepwalking. http://www.oddee.com/item_96680.aspx

Sleepwalking occurs in the non-REM stages of sleep. Usually in stages 3 and 4 (the deepest stages of sleep.) Sleepwalking is a real thing and occurs naturally. It even occurs with animals. My dog run while he is sleeping, and here is a funny video of a sleepwalking dog.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z2BgjH_CtIA

Whether you believe that a man could really drive a car and kill someone while still being asleep, or believe that there must be other motives, you cannot deny that sleepwalking is a real, psychological phenomenon.

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This page is an archive of recent entries written by mamro004 in October 2011.

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