Recently in 3. List of References Category

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Breaking Free. 2006. Retrieved February 11, 2010. Web Site:

Champion, B. J. (2009, March 09). Minnesota state legislature. Retrieved from b=House&f=HF1518&ssn=0&y=2009
Clark, K. (2009, March 12). Minnesota state legislature. Retrieved from b=House&f=HF1636&ssn=0&y=2009

(1976). Decriminalization of Prostitution: The Limits of Criminal Law. Oregon Law Review (pp.553).

Decriminalize Prostituted Women, Not Prostitution. Ed. Micheline Carrier. 2004. Retrieved February 11, 2010. Web Site:

Ekberg, G. (2004). Best Practices for Prevention of Prostitution and Trafficking in Human Beings. The Swedish Law That Prohibits the Purchase of Sexual Services.

Hausman, Lesch, Smith, Kahn, A., J., S., P. (2009, March 09). Minnesota state legislature. Retrieved from

Lesch, Paymar, Kahn, Hornstein, J., M., P., F. . (2009, March 16). Minnesota state legislature. Retrieved from b=House&f=HF1768&ssn=0&y=2009

(2002). The Medical Dictionary. Retrieved December 8, 2008, from The Free Dictionary By Farlex Web Site:">rape trauma syndrome

The National Center for Victims of Crime. 2007. Retrieved February 11, 2010. Web site:

National Organization for Women. Ed. Mai Shiozaki. 2007. Retrieved February 11, 2010. Web Site:

Nelson, V. (1993). Prostitution: Where Racism and Sexism Intersect. Michigan Journal of Gender & Law, 81-89.

Pappas, Rosen, Berglin, Moua, Limmer, S. L., J. A., L., M., W. (2009, March 02). Minnesota state legislature. Retrieved from b=Senate&f=SF1050&ssn=0&y=2009

Paymar, Simon, Kahn, Hornstein, M., S., P., F. (2009, March 09). Minnesota state legislature. Retrieved from b=House&f=HF1505&ssn=0&y=2009

Prostitutes' Education Network. 2000. Retrieved February 11, 2010. Web Site:

West, Jackie (2002). Prostitution: Collectives and the Politics of Regulation. Gender, Work and Organization, 106, 106-118.

Women's Justice Center. Ed. S. Henry Wild. 2000. 21 Retrieved February 11, 2010. Web Site:


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Bruckert, Chris. Taking it Off, Putting it on., 2002. Print.

Butler, Judith. Bodies that Matter : On the Discursive Limits of "Sex" /.Print.

I want to use my understanding of Judith Butler's work on gender performance and performativity to explore the potential to subvert hetereonormativity within the context of how gender is performed in sex work, and reveal how queer and radical the sex working community is. Also I want to engage further with Butler by examining how sex workers are pushed out the margins of labor, but also into abjection on the spectrum of socially acceptable sex practices, as sex for money is quite hypocritically stigmatized.

Egan. Flesh for Fantasy : Producing and Consuming Exotic Dance /.Print.

Goldring. Organizing the Transnational : Labour, Politics, and Social Change., 2007. Print.

Hallgrimsdottir, Helga Kristin, Rachel Phillips, and Cecilia Benoit. "Fallen Women and Rescued Girls: Social Stigma and Media Narratives of the Sex Industry in Victoria, B.C., from 1980 to 2005." Canadian Review of Sociology & Anthropology 43.3 (2006): 265-80. Print.

Hubbard, Phil. "Sexuality, Immorality and the City: Red-Light Districts and the Marginalisation of Female Street Prostitutes." Gender, Place and Culture 5.1 (1998): 55-76. Print.

Kelly, Christina. "Bonding with our Topless Sisters." Sassy August 1992Print.

Lee, Charles Tsung Tang, Alison Renteln, and Marita Sturken. Deviant Cosmopolitanism: Transgressive Globalization and Traveling Citizenship. DAI-A 67 Vol. , 2006. Print.

Majic. "Sex Worker Union Organizing: An International Study - by Gregor Gall." British Journal of Industrial Relations 46.3 (2008): 561. Print.

Ms. Kennedy. "The Kennedy Letter: Seattle." Exotic Jan 2010: 50. Print.

This is a really great primary source. A dancer writes it from Portland about her
experience working in Seattle for a little while. She touches on labor rights, and predatory management practices of a national chain of dance clubs. Though she tears into the club, owned by Hustler, and pledges loving devotion to her hometown scene, she highlights the positive aspects to working I Seattle and maintains an overall positive tone, which is important if our work is going to build community. The Déjà vu Corporation has what I'll call a Walmartization effect in cities that it dominates, like Seattle and sadly possibly Minneapolis. It's funny, insightful, honest, and very relevant and relatable to other dancers. She writes to a very specific audience, other dancers which Is exactly what I want to do with my project. Ms. Kennedy has given me a nice sample piece to show contributors.

Nagle. Whores and Other Feminists /.Print.

In the introduction Jill Nagel argues that Whores "are the dykes of the nineties, the lavender menace whom it's still considered ok to ostracize." Basically that sex workers are unfairly exiled from feminist work, and she has put together a really strong feminist anthology of sex work. Most of the contributors are, or were sex workers, and there are so many compelling, autobiographical and theoretical pieces. The Annie Sprinkle contribution We've Come a Long Way-And We're Exhausted is a piece on how to avoid sex worker burnout. I've seen it published in Spread magazine too, and I think it needs to be circulated more widely to sex workers, because it is exactly the type of knowledge, and support that needs to be shared. It addresses the needs of a sex worker socially, personally, and spiritually in a way that is fun and relatable. In fact I think all people who work hard for a living would take a lot out of it. Eve Pendelton argues that sex workers, like lesbians destabilize heteronormativity, and Carol Leigh, aka Scarlot Harlot urges feminism to align with sex positive activism, as the destigmatization of sex and sexuality benefits feminist goals.

Oakley. Working Sex : Sex Workers Write about a Changing Industry /.Print.

Pheterson. A Vindication of the Rights of Whores /.Print.

Philaretou, Andreas G. "Female Exotic Dancers: Intrapersonal and Interpersonal

Perspectives." Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 13.1 (2006): 41-52. Print.

Rickard, Wendy. "'been there, seen it, done it, I've Got the T-Shirt': British Sex Worker's Reflect on Jobs, Hopes, the Future and Retirement." Feminist Review.67 (2001): 111-32. Print.

Rickard. "Collaborating with Sex Workers in Oral History." The Oral History Review 30.1 (2003): 47. Print.

Sanders, Teela. "Female Sex Workers as Health Educators with Men Who Buy Sex: Utilising Narratives of Rationalisations." Social science & medicine 62.10 (2006): 2434-44. Print.

Tea, Michelle. Rent Girl. San Francisco: Last Gasp, 2004. Print.

Warner. Fear of a Queer Planet : Queer Politics and Social Theory /.Print.

Bordo, Susan. Unbearable weight. Los Angeles, CA: The Regents of the

University of California. 1993
In this book, Bordo discusses the body politic through body image. This includes such issues of weight, weight loss, media images, movies, eating disorder, etc. She looks at the body in various contexts of discourse, feminism, gender performance, the marketability of beauty and many more.
My paper will explore the marketability of beauty and how it plays into the interpersonal customer-server exchange. I would like to conduct interviews that ask questions that are specifically about body image and how it plays into the serving experience. I see serving as a type of performance intertwined and/or closely related to gender performance. I will pull from Bordo's take on why beauty is marketable and how it functions in the restaurant business.

Weichselbaumer, D. (2003). Sexual orientation discrimination in hiring. Labor

Economics, 01-24.
Weichselbaumer discusses the concept of "unobserved heterogeneity" that rewards the masculinity of lesbians and penalizes the femininity of gay men. She suggests that employers discriminate in favor of masculine characteristics which would be in favor of lesbian employees. Weichselbaumer conducts an experiment sending job applications from four different identities: The feminine straight (FS), the masculine straight (MS), the feminine lesbian (FL) and the masculine lesbian (ML). She concludes that indicating a lesbian identity reduces one's second interview invite by 12-13%.
I will pull from the article to further contemplate the marketability of beauty in relation to discrimination in the restaurant business. Who is included and who is excluded as marketable according to beauty? My analysis will include how sexual orientation acts in the hiring process in the restaurant business. Although she uses categories, this article will provide a useful context while also making space for critique and dialogue because of her bold claims.

Lorde, Audre. "The Uses of the erotic: the erotic as power." Sister Outsider. Crossing Press.

In this essay, Lorde explains the erotic as an empowering, feminine entity that all women have but which has been oppressed into submission because of "the male world." She describes the erotic as revolutionary for women in the workplace. With the erotic in the workplace, according to Lorde, the use goes beyond economic benefit and into how we feel doing what we are doing. She claims that women should utilize their feminine erotic as a way to apply their suppressed power.
I will explore her concept of the erotic in order to challenge the critiques of the marketability of beauty. I think that Lorde implies that the privileges in the marketability of beauty be accepted, by women using it, as a use of the erotic. This is problematic because of many reasons including the exclusionary factors of the word "beauty" itself. What is defined as beautiful? I will argue that the term "beauty" is hegemonically, socially constructed as white, thin women. Although it is not limited to this, my workplace is exemplary in showing this prototype as visually privileged.

Lynn, Michael. "Determinants and Consequences of Female Attractiveness and
Sexiness: Realistic Tests with Restaurant Waitresses. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2000.

Berry, Bonnie. "Beauty Bias: Discrimination and Social Power." Journal of American
Cultures. 2008.

Chernin, K. The Obsession: reflections on the tyranny of slenderness. New York,
NY: Harper Collins Publishers, Inc. 1994.

Dublanica, Steve. Waiter Rant: Thanks for the Tip-Confessions of a Cynical Waiter. Harper
Collins Publishers. 2008.

Ehrenreich, Barbara. Nickel and Dimed. Henry Holt and Company. 2001.

Hamermesh, DS., & Biddle, JE. "Beauty and the Labor Market." American
Economic Review, 84(5). 1994. pp. 1174-1194.

Mobius, MM, & Rosenblat, TS. "Why Beauty Matters." American Economic
Review, 01-25. 2006.

Butler, Judith. "Performative Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and
Feminist Theory." Theatre Journal, Vol. 40, No. 4. 1988. pp. 519-531.

Bordo, Susan. "Reconstructing Feminist Discourse on the Body." The Body and the
Reproduction of Femininity. 309-326.

Quinby, Lee and Irene Diamond. "Foucault, Femininity and the Modernization of Patriarchal
Power," in Feminism and Foucault: Paths of Resistance. Northeastern Univ. Press. 1988.
pp. 61-86

Bartky, Sandra Lee. Femininity and Domination: Studies in the Phenomenology of Oppression
(Thinking Gender). New York City, New York: Routledge. 1990. pp. 161.

LeMoncheck, Linda. "Sex Objectification as Taking the Part for the Whole."
Dehumanizing Women: Treating Persons as Sex Objects. Rowman & Littlefield. (1985).
165 pp.

Blake E. Ashforth and Ronald H. Humphrey. The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 18,
No. 1. 1993. pp. 88-115

Butler, Judith. "Imitation and Gender Insubordination." The Second Wave: Feminist Theory.
Ed. Linda Nicholson. New York: Routledge. 1997.

West, Candace and Don Zimmerman. "Doing Gender." Gender and Society. Sage Publications
Inc. 1987.

Brewster, Zachary W., and Christine Mallinson. "Racial Differences in Restaurant Tipping: A Labour Process Perspective." Service Industries Journal. 2009.

Erickson, Karla Anne. "Paid to Care: Selling Service, Smiles and Community in American Restaurants." Dissertation Abstracts International.Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences. 2004.

Lynn, Michael. "Determinants and Consequences of Female Attractiveness and Sexiness: Realistic Tests with Restaurant Waitresses." Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2009.

3. List of References

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Atkins, Dawn. Looking Queer: Body Image and Identity in Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay and
Transgender Communities. New York: Haworth Press, 1998. Print.

Boone, Joseph Allen, et al. Queer Frontiers: Millennial Geographies, Genders and
Generations. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2000. Print.

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York:
Routledge, 2006. Print.

Galewski, Elizabeth. "Figuring the Feminist Femme." Women's Studies in Communication 28.2 (2005): 183-206. Print.

Garber, Linda. Identity Poetics: Race, Class and the Lesbian-Feminist Roots of Queer
Theory. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. Print.

Halperin, David M., et al. "REFLECTIONS: The Normalization of Queer Theory." 45 Vol. Haworth Press, Inc, 2003. 339-343. Print.

Hammers, Corie, and Alan D. Brown Ill. "Towards a Feminist-Queer Alliance: Paradigmatic Shift in the Research Process." Social Epistemology 18.1 (2004): 85-101. Print.

Heyes, Cressida J. "Feminist Solidarity After Queer Theory: The Case of Transgender." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture & Society 28.4 (2003): 1093. Print.

Jagose, Annamarie. "Feminism's Queer Theory." Feminism & Psychology 19.2 (2009): 157-74. Print.

Lane, Riki. "Trans as Bodily Becoming: Rethinking the Biological as Diversity, Not Dichotomy." Hypatia 24.3 (2009): 136-57. Print.

Orr, Deborah, et al. Feminist Politics: Identity, Difference and Agency. Maryland:
Rowman & Littlefield, 2007. Print.

Rudy, Kathy. "Queer Theory and Feminism." Women's Studies 29.2 (2000): 195. Print.

Thompson, Denise. Radical Feminism Today. London : SAGE, 2001. Print.

Warner, Michael. "Introduction: Fear of a Queer Planet." Social Text (1991), 29.

Weir, Allison. Sacrificial Logics: Feminist Theory and the Critique of Identity. New
York: Routledge, 1996. Print.

3. List of References

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Hattori, Tomohisa. "The Moral Politics of Foreign Aid." Review of International Studies 29.2 (2003): 229-47. Print.

Hattori, Tomohisa. "Reconceptualizing Foreign Aid." Review of International Political Economy 8.4 (2001): 633-60. Print.

Hearn, Julie. "The 'NGO-Isation' of Kenyan Society: USAID & the Restructuring of Health Care." Review of African Political Economy 25.75, The Machinery of External Control (1998): 89-100. Print.

"Is tradition to blame for spreading HIV?" BBC News Online. 18 November 2003.

Kirkscey, Russell. "Accommodating Traditional African Values and Globalization: Narrative as Argument in Wangari Maathai's Nobel Prize Lecture." 30 Vol. , 2007. 12-17. Print.

Loomba, Ania. Postcolonial Studies and Beyond. Durham: Duke University Press, 2005. Print.

Luibhéid, Eithne. Entry Denied : Controlling Sexuality at the Border. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002. Print.

Masoga, M. A., H. O. Kaya, and P. O. Abioje. Globalisation and African Cultural Heritage Erosion: Implications for Policy. 7; 72 Vol. New Dawn Publishers [Pty] Ltd, Pietermaritzburg, SA, 2007. Print.

Nagar, Richa, and Saṅgatina. Playing with Fire : Feminist Thought and Activism through Seven Lives in India. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2006. Print.

Ngũgĩ wa Thiongo. Decolonising the Mind : The Politics of Language in African Literature. London; Portsmouth, N.H.: J. Currey; Heinemann, 1986. Print.

OCHIENG, PHILIP. "Alien influences: A thing's value lies in the thing itself." Daily Nation Online. 6 November 2009.

Schwarz, Henry, and Sangeeta Ray. A Companion to Postcolonial Studies. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2000. Print.

Shohat, Ella. Taboo Memories, Diasporic Voices. Durham N.C.: Duke University Press, 2006. Print.

Somerville, Keith. "Africa: Globalisation or marginalisation?" BBC News Online. 4 December 2002.

Vertovec, Steven. Transnationalism. London ; New York: Routledge, 2009. Print.

List of References

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Adams, Maurianne, et al. ed. Teaching for Social Justice. Routledge. New York, 1997.

Berenice, Fisher. No Angel in the Classroom. Rowman and Littlefield Publisher's Inc. Maryland, 2001.

Boal, Augusto. Games for Actors and Non-Actors, Second Edition. Routledge. New York, 2002.

Boal, Augusto. Theatre of the Oppressed. Theatre Communications Group. New York, 1985.

Bresler, Liora, ed. Knowing Bodies, Moving Minds: Towards Embodied Teaching and Learning. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands. 2004.

Buttaro, Lucia. "Decolonizing Pedagogy in the American Classroom: Social Justice and Democracy in Marginalized Urban Settings." New York, 2007.

Flannery, James L. "Teacher as Co-Conspirator: Knowledge and Authority in Collaborative Learning." New Directions for Teaching and Learning.59 (1994): 15-23.

Foucault, Michel. "The Subject and Power." The Essential Foucault. ed. Rabinow, Paul and Rose, Nikolas. New York, NY: New Press, 2003.

Freire, Paulo. Education for Critical Consciousness. Continuum. New York, 1974.

Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Continuum. New York, 2007.

Grosz, Elizabeth. Space, Time, and Perversion: Essays on the Politics of Bodies. Routledge. New York, 1995.

Hanh, Thich Nhat. Peace is Every Step. Bantam Books. New York, 1991.

hooks, bell. Teaching to Transgress: Education as the Practice of Freedom. Routledge. New York, 1994.

hooks, bell. Teaching Community: A Pedagogy of Hope. Routledge. New York, 2003.

Kazan, Tina S. "Dancing Bodies in the Classroom: Moving toward an Embodied Pedagogy." Pedagogy: Critical Approaches to Teaching Literature, Language, Composition, and Culture. Volume 4, Number 3. Duke University Press. 2005

Ng, Roxana. "Embodied Pedagogy as Transformative Learning: A Critical Reflection." University of Toronto. 2005.

Ryan, Caitlin L., and Adrienne D. Dixson. "Rethinking Pedagogy to Re-Center Race: Some Reflections." Language Arts 84.2 (2006): 175-83.

Su, Celina. "Cracking Silent Codes: Critical Race Theory and Education Organizing." Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education 28.4 (2007): 531-48.

Tai, Bonnie Hao Kuo. "Power Dynamics in the Classroom." Harvard Educational Review 68.3 (1998): 426.

Wallace, Miriam L. "Beyond Love and Battle: Practicing Feminist Pedagogy." Feminist Teacher 12.3 (1999): 184-97.

Wallace, Priscilla. "Authority and Egalitarianism: What can they Mean in the Feminist Classroom?" Action in Teacher Education 15.4 (1994): 14-9.

Wiebe Berry, Ruth A. "Inclusion, Power, and Community: Teachers and Students Interpret the Language of Community in an Inclusion Classroom." American Educational Research Journal 43.3 (2006): 489-529.


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(I had to take out the links in my references so my post would not be classified as spam)

References to Explore

Agozino, Biko, et al. Counter-Colonial Criminology: A Critique of Imperialist Reason., 2003.

Arbon, Chyleen A. How a Theoretical Feminist Perspective and a Practical Legislator Perspective can Inform Each Other and Improve Criminal Justice Policy., 2004.

Balfour, Gillian. "Re-Imagining a Feminist Criminology." Canadian Journal of Criminology & Criminal Justice 48.5 (2006): 735-52.

Belknap, Joanne. "Meda Chesney-Lind: The Mother of Feminist Criminology." Women & Criminal Justice 15.2 (2004): 1-23.

Boyd, Susan C., et al. From Witches to Crack Moms: Women, Drug Law, and Policy., 2004.

Brewster, Dennis Ray. "Legal and Extra-Legal Variables in Sentencing Outcomes: The Effect of Race and Gender." Dissertation Abstracts International. Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences 63.09 (2003): 3365-.

Chesney-Lind, Meda. "Patriarchy, Crime, and Justice: Feminist Criminology in an Era of Backlash." Feminist Criminology 1.1 (2006): 6-26.

Cooper, Kenneth J. "Scholars: Slavery's Legacy Present in Current Policies, Social Customs." Diverse: Issues in Higher Education 23.20 (2006): 18-.

Deegan, Mary Jo. "Katharine Bement Davis (1860-1935): Her Theory and Praxis of Feminist Pragmatism in Criminology." Women & Criminal Justice 14.2 (2003): 15-40.

Friedman, Samuel R., et al. "Social Capital Or Networks, Negotiations, and Norms? A Neighborhood Case Study." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 32 (2007): S160-70. .

Heidensohn, Frances, Carol Hedderman, and Andrea Quinlan. Gender and Justice: New Concepts and Approaches., 2006.

Huey, Laura. "The Abolition of Capital Punishment as a Feminist Issue." Feminist Review.78 (2004): 175-80.

Joseph, Peniel E. "The New Black Power History: A 'Souls' Special Issue." Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture & Society 9.4 (2007): 277-80.

Labelle, Deborah, and Sheryl Pimlott Kubiak. "Balancing Gender Equity for Women Prisoners." Feminist Studies 30.2 (2004): 416-26.

Lane, Jodi. "Joan Petersilia: A Life of Policy-Relevant Corrections Research." Women & Criminal Justice 17.4 (2006): 1-17.

Love, Sharon RedHawk. "Keeping it Real." Feminist Criminology 3.4 (2008): 303-18.

Love, Sharon Redhawk. "Keeping it Real: Connecting Feminist Criminology and Activism through Service Learning." FEMINIST CRIMINOLOGY 3.4 (2008): 303-18.

Marchetti, Elena. "Intersectional Race and Gender Analyses: Why Legal Processes just Don't Get it." Social & Legal Studies 17.2 (2008): 155-74.

McCorkel, Jill. "Criminally Dependent? Gender, Punishment, and the Rhetoric of Welfare Reform." Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society 11.3 (2004): 386-410.

Pinder, Sherrow O. Institutionalized Violence and the Issue of Race in America's History., 2004.

Pounder, Sadie. "Prison Theology: A Theology of Liberation, Hope and Justice." Dialog: A Journal of Theology 47.3 (2008): 278-91.

Rubin, Gerry. "Anne Logan: Feminism and Criminal Justice: A Historical Perspective." Feminist Legal Studies 17.3 (2009): 353-4.

Simpson, Sally S., Jennifer L. Yahner, and Laura Dugan. "Understanding Women's Pathways to Jail: Analysing the Lives of Incarcerated Women." Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology 41.1 (2008): 84-108.

Snider, Laureen. "Constituting the Punishable Woman." British Journal of Criminology 43.2 (2003): 354.

Wing, Adrien K. "Violence and State Accountability: Critical Race Feminism." The Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law (1999): 95-114.

Wing, Adrien Katherine. Critical Race Feminism: A Reader., 2003.

Wyatt, Jean. "Patricia Hill Collins's Black Sexual Politics and the Genealogy of the Strong Black Woman." Studies in Gender and Sexuality 9.1 (2008): 52-67.

Zgoba, Kristen M. "Crime Control and Women: Feminist Implications of Criminal Justice Policy (Book)." Journal of Psychiatry & Law 31.4 (2003): 485-6.

After our meeting with Kim, the GWSS Subject Librarian, last week you should have a wide array of sources that you've gathered since you started working on your project.

For this entry I would like to see your generated list of 15 references that you are interested in exploring for your final project. Remember, these sources should be a variety, meaning I want you to have different types of resources you will be investigating further (i.e. journal articles, anthologies, scholarly books, blogs, movies, newspaper, literature, or anything that might be relevant for you to explore with a scholarly lens). You should think about the differences between primary and secondary sources, as your project will need to be a combination of these. Please label your entry with category #3 "List of References"

Please upload your list of references to the course blog by class time Wednesday February 10th in the proper citation style. You may use APA or MLA and please feel free to use that handy dandy citation manager Refworks or any of the other tricks that Kim showed you to make this easier on yourself!

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