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Democratic-Led Iowa U.S. House Delegation a Rarity

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Iowa Democrats are poised to return to the U.S. House as the majority delegation in back-to-back elections for just the fourth time in the history of the Hawkeye State.

If reelected, the state’s Democratic U.S. Representatives (Bruce Braley from the 1st District, David Loebsack from the 2nd District, and Leonard Boswell from the 3rd District) will be in the majority for just the 11th time in 82 general elections since Iowa achieved statehood in 1846.

Democrats have only held a majority in the state delegation in back-to-back election years in three eras: 1847-1850 (before the founding of the Republican Party), 1932-1936 (after the stock market crash and the ensuing Great Depression), and 1974-1976 (after the Watergate fallout).

The only other years in which more Democrats than Republicans were elected to the U.S. House in Iowa are 1964 and 2006 (both years in which Democratic landslides occurred across the country).

History therefore tells us the fact that Iowa’s three Democrats will likely return as the majority delegation to the U.S. House in 2008 suggests another Democratic landslide nationwide is in the works this November.

Overall, 523 Republicans have been elected to the U.S. House in general and special elections, compared to just 115 Democrats, and 4 representing third parties. That represents an 81.5 percent to 17.9 percent historical advantage.

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Remains of the Data

Plurality-Winning Governors Elected At Century-Long High Water Mark

The rate of gubernatorial candidates elected without the support of a majority of voters is at its highest level since the 1910s.

Political Crumbs

Seeing Red

Congressman Nick Rahall's failed bid for a 20th term in West Virginia this cycle, combined with a narrow loss by Nick Casey to Alex Mooney in Shelley Moore Capito's open seat, means that West Virginia Democrats will be shut out of the state's U.S. House delegation for the first time in over 90 years. The Republican sweep by two-term incumbent David McKinley in the 1st CD, Mooney in the 2nd, and Evan Jenkins over Rahall in the 3rd marks the first time the GOP has held all seats in the chamber from West Virginia since the Election of 1920. During the 67th Congress (1921-1923) all six seats from the state were controlled by the GOP. Since the Election of 1922, Democrats have won 76 percent of all U.S. House elections in the Mountain State - capturing 172 seats compared to 54 for the GOP.


Home Field Advantage?

When the 114th Congress convenes in a few days, Maine will be represented by one home-grown U.S. Representative: Waterville-born Republican Bruce Poliquin. With the departure of Millinocket-born Mike Michaud, who launched a failed gubernatorial bid, the Pine Tree State was poised to send a House delegation to D.C. without any Maine-born members for the first time since 1821. Three-term U.S. Rep. Chellie Pingree (born in Minnesota) coasted to reelection as expected, however Poliquin edged Kentucky-born Emily Cain by 5.3 points to keep the streak alive. Since 1876, a total of 208 of the 222 candidates elected to the nation's lower legislative chamber from the state have been born in Maine, or 94 percent.


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