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MN Senate Election Analysis, Part 1: Franken Underperforms in Northern Minnesota

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On the surface, there are several similarities between the 2008 U.S. Senate race and the 2006 gubernatorial race in Minnesota.

· Both races featured 1-term Republican incumbents facing reelection in Democratic wave election years and, pending a change of fate in the U.S. Senate recount, Republicans emerged victorious in each contest.

· Both races also found the Republican incumbents (Tim Pawlenty in 2006 and Norm Coleman in 2008) surging from a deficit in the polls the week prior to the election. Pawlenty trailed DFL gubernatorial nominee Mike Hatch in 9 of the last 10 polls conducted the month before Election Day in 2006. Coleman trailed DFL U.S. Senate nominee Al Franken in 9 of 11 polls heading into the last week of the campaign in October 2008.

· Both races in 2006 and 2008 were also tightly decided with the vote for the Independence Party candidates far exceeding the margin of victory, and viewed by many analysts to have disproportionately (and adversely) impacted DFLers Hatch and Franken.

However, despite the similarities between these two elections, there was significant movement within the Minnesota electorate from 2006 to 2008 that brought the Gopher State to its current situation: a recount of nearly 3 million votes. Each candidate can point to underperforming in different regions of the state.

In the case of Al Franken – the subject of the first part in our two-part analysis – he can look to Northern Minnesota as one of the reasons he is waiting on the recount results, instead of packing his bags for D.C.

Smart Politics analyzed where Al Franken lost ground for the DFL in 2008 through an examination of the marginal differences between the GOP and DFL candidates in the 2006 gubernatorial and 2008 U.S. Senate races.

(In brief, Smart Politics examined the margin of victory or loss between the Republican and DFL candidates from year-to-year. A comparison was not conducted between the raw percentages of Hatch and Franken (or Pawlenty and Coleman), as that analysis would be skewed by Independence Party candidate Dean Barkley’s much stronger performance in the 2008 U.S. Senate race than IP nominee Peter Hutchinson in the 2006 gubernatorial race).

Of the 20 counties comprising the Northeast and Northwest sections of the state, Al Franken lost ground vis-à-vis Mike Hatch in 19 of them.

Now, even though Northeastern Minnesota is largely DFL country, Norm Coleman made inroads in all six counties in the region, including the populous Democratic stronghold of St. Louis County.

Franken lost 19 points vis-à-vis Hatch/Pawlenty in Koochiching County, 13 points in Lake County, 12 points in St. Louis County, 10 points in Carlton County, 9 points in Itasca County, and 3 points in Cook County. In 2006, Hatch carried St. Louis County by a whopping 35-point margin: 65 to 29 percent. In 2008, Franken won the county by just 23 points: 55 to 32 percent.

Meanwhile, Northwestern Minnesota leans Republican, though much less than Northeastern Minnesota leans Democratic (Franken carried 4 of the 14 counties in the Northwestern region – Beltrami, Kittson, Mahnomen, and Norman).

Still, Norm Coleman was able to further solidify this thinly populated region of the Gopher State for the Republicans by improving on Tim Pawlenty’s margin of victory or loss in 13 of the 14 counties.

In fact, Franken lost ground from Hatch’s benchmark by double-digit margins in 8 of these counties: in Red Lake (by 20 points), Lake of the Woods (14 points), Clearwater (14 points), Kittson (14 points), Pennington (13 points), Marshall (13 points), Polk (11 points), and Hubbard (10 points).

Franken also endured an increased deficit for the DFL in Norman County (9 points), Roseau (9 points), Beltrami (5 points), Mahnomen (5 points), and Becker (4 points).

Franken did manage to move the DFL in a positive direction in one county: Clay, the most heavily populated county in the region. Franken’s margin of loss was 5 points less in 2008 (3 points) than Hatch’s in 2006 (8 points).

While Franken severely underperformed in Northern Minnesota, he also turned in a lackluster performance in the state’s Central counties. Central Minnesota is also largely GOP country, although Franken did carry 6 of the region’s 28 counties (Aitkin, Big Stone, Chippewa, Lac Qui Parle, Pine, and Swift).

Franken, however, lost ground in 18 of these 28 counties, while gaining ground in just 7 (there was no change between Franken-Coleman and Hatch-Pawlenty in 3 counties: Crow Wing, Meeker, and Stevens).

Compared to the North, however, the region was much more flat – none of the 28 counties experience double-digit shifts from 2006 to 2008 (the largest change took place in Wadena County, with a 7-point swing for Coleman).

Still, even if by small margins, Franken lost key votes in Aitkin (-3 points), Big Stone (-4), Cass (-1), Chippewa (-5), Chisago (-2), Grant (-1), Isanti (-2), Kanabec (-4), Kandiyohi (-1), Lac Qui Parle (-1), Mille Lacs (-2), Morrison (-2), Otter Tail (-3), Pine (-4), Pope (-2), Traverse (-6), Wadena (-7), and Wilkin (-2) Counties.

Franken gained ground in Benton (+5 points), Douglas (+3), Sherburne (+4), Stearns (+6), Swift (+1), Todd (+1), and Wright (+3) Counties.

Smart Politics will turn to Norm Coleman’s lost opportunities around the Gopher State in its next installment.

Previous post: Iowa Democrats Enjoying Historic Run in House of Representatives
Next post: MN Senate Election Analysis, Part 2: Norm Coleman’s Metro Slide

3 Comments


  • A complete campaign quotomg people like the secretary of the Minnesota AFL-CIO Steve Hunter, then he said "Norm Coleman does not stand with the working families of Minnesota he stands on their throats."

    Links to Norm Coleman big Lobbyist donations from Big usiness and you all no the rest.

    With a race this close if Franken wins all he can say is "Thank God for Jack Shepard" we will have remove the senator Norm Coleman who fillibustered the most times in history; the main reason that no thing was passed and America had a 12% excellent job rating for our Congree.

    Dr. Jack Shepard, a past contender for the GOP Nomination for U.S. Seante who ran against Sen. Coleman in the Minnesota Primary becasue I just do not like people who vote against incresing healthcare for our Minnesota kids but votes for Billions of dollars in Tax breaks for Big Oil Companies who donated to him with millions etc.

  • Failure to engage the base, reliance on mass media vs. authentic grassroots characterized both Hatch and Franken campaigns.

    Both candidates failed to increase turnout in Minneapolis/CD 5 and that area has the highest Democratic index but the lowest turnout.

    Both candidates were center-right DFLers, the party now supports Single Payer healthcare in the platform, the party and most democrats preferred Barkley's willingness to frankly discuss the inappropriate U.S. investment in militarism and foreign military adventures, permanent military bases abroad.

  • Leave a comment


    Remains of the Data

    Plurality-Winning Governors Elected At Century-Long High Water Mark

    The rate of gubernatorial candidates elected without the support of a majority of voters is at its highest level since the 1910s.

    Political Crumbs

    Seeing Red

    Congressman Nick Rahall's failed bid for a 20th term in West Virginia this cycle, combined with a narrow loss by Nick Casey to Alex Mooney in Shelley Moore Capito's open seat, means that West Virginia Democrats will be shut out of the state's U.S. House delegation for the first time in over 90 years. The Republican sweep by two-term incumbent David McKinley in the 1st CD, Mooney in the 2nd, and Evan Jenkins over Rahall in the 3rd marks the first time the GOP has held all seats in the chamber from West Virginia since the Election of 1920. During the 67th Congress (1921-1923) all six seats from the state were controlled by the GOP. Since the Election of 1922, Democrats have won 76 percent of all U.S. House elections in the Mountain State - capturing 172 seats compared to 54 for the GOP.


    Home Field Advantage?

    When the 114th Congress convenes in a few days, Maine will be represented by one home-grown U.S. Representative: Waterville-born Republican Bruce Poliquin. With the departure of Millinocket-born Mike Michaud, who launched a failed gubernatorial bid, the Pine Tree State was poised to send a House delegation to D.C. without any Maine-born members for the first time since 1821. Three-term U.S. Rep. Chellie Pingree (born in Minnesota) coasted to reelection as expected, however Poliquin edged Kentucky-born Emily Cain by 5.3 points to keep the streak alive. Since 1876, a total of 208 of the 222 candidates elected to the nation's lower legislative chamber from the state have been born in Maine, or 94 percent.


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