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Election Profile: Minnesota's 1st Congressional District

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Smart Politics is running a series of election profiles of Upper Midwestern congressional races leading up to the November 2nd elections. The series will culminate with Smart Politics' official projections. The fifteenth profile in the series is Minnesota's 1st Congressional District.

Candidates:
DFL: Tim Walz (2-term incumbent)
Republican: Randy Demmer
Independence: Steven Wilson
Party Free: Lars Johnson

District Geography:
Minnesota's 1st Congressional District comprises counties in the southern rim of the state: Blue Earth, Brown, Cottonwood, Dodge, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Houston, Jackson, Martin, Mower, Murray, Nicollet, Nobles, Olmstead, Pipestone, Rock, Steele, Wabasha, Waseca, Watonwan, and Winona.

History:
Tim Walz's 5.6-point victory over six-term Republican incumbent Gil Gutknecht was one of the biggest U.S. House upsets across the country in 2006 (though predicted by Smart Politics). Gutknecht had won his three previous reelection campaigns by an average of 21.9 points.

With the exception of then moderate Democrat Tim Penny's six-term service from 1984-1992, the GOP had won every 1st District contest from 1892 through 2004.

Representative Walz followed that up with a 29.6-point victory over Republican Brian Davis during the Democratic wave of 2008 to return for a second term in D.C.

Walz, an Army National Guard and Iraq War veteran and former teacher, serves on the House Committees on Agriculture, Transportation and Infrastructure, and Veterans' Affairs.

In 2010, Walz faces a much tougher political environment, and a much stronger opponent in GOP State Representative Randy Demmer (HD 29A).

Also on the ballot are Independence Party candidate Steven Wilson and Lars Johnson, who is running under the Party Free banner. During the last three election cycles, Independence Party candidates received 4.5 percent of the vote in 2008 (Gregory Mikkelson), 3.7 percent in 2006 (Douglas Williams), and 4.8 percent in 2004 (Mikkelson).

Outlook:
Although only one of its contests has been decided by less than 24 points since redistricting in 2002, the Gopher State's 1st CD has been the 81st most competitive district in the nation during this four-cycle span. The district is the 228th most Republican in the country, with a slight +1 GOP Partisan Voting Index tilt over the last two presidential elections. Barack Obama carried the district by 4 points in 2008 and George W. Bush won it by 4 points in 2004.

One difference between Walz's defense of his seat during the GOP wave of 2010 and Gutknecht's defense during the 2006 Democratic wave is that Gutknecht had made several gaffes during the year leading up to Election Day.

Although the 1st CD race has made national waves, Congressman Walz has outraised Demmer by a 2.8 to 1 margin through mid-October and had more than seven times the amount of cash on hand.

Add to that, only 8 of 203 Minnesota U.S. House incumbents have been defeated in the general election after receiving at least 60 percent of the vote during the previous election cycle, as Walz did in 2008.

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Previous post: Election Profile: Wisconsin's 8th Congressional District
Next post: Election Profile: Minnesota's 2nd Congressional District

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Remains of the Data

Gender Equality in the US House: A State-by State Quarter-Century Report Card (1989-2014)

A study of 5,325 congressional elections finds the number of female U.S. Representatives has more than tripled over the last 25 years, but the rate at which women are elected to the chamber still varies greatly between the states.

Political Crumbs

Small Club in St. Paul

Mark Dayton is one of just three Minnesotans ever elected to three different statewide offices. Dayton, of course, had previously served as State Auditor (1991-1995) and U.S. Senator (2001-2007) before winning the governorship in 2010. At that time, he joined Republicans Edward Thye and J.A.A. Burnquist on this very short list. Burnquist was elected governor in 1914 but then became governor after the death of Democrat Winfield Hammond in 1915. He then won the gubernatorial elections of 1916 and 1918 and eight terms as attorney general two decades later (1939-1955). Thye was similarly first elected lieutenant governor of the Gopher State and became governor after the resignation of fellow GOPer Harold Stasson in 1943. Thye won one additional full term as governor in 1944 and then two terms to the U.S. Senate (1947-1959). Twenty Minnesotans have been elected to two different statewide offices.


Respect Your Elders?

With retirement announcements this year by veteran U.S. Representatives such as 30-term Democrat John Dingell of Michigan, 20-term Democrat George Miller of California, and 18-term Republican Tom Petri of Wisconsin, it is no surprise that retirees from the 113th Congress are one of the most experienced cohorts in recent decades. Overall, these 24 exiting members of the House have served an average of 11.0 terms - the second longest tenure among retirees across the last 18 cycles since 1980. Only the U.S. Representatives retiring in 2006 had more experience, averaging 11.9 terms. (In that cycle, 10 of the 11 retiring members served at least 10 terms, with GOPer Bill Jenkins of Tennessee the lone exception at just five). Even without the aforementioned Dingell, the average length of service in the chamber of the remaining 23 retirees in 2014 is 10.2 terms - which would still be the third highest since 1980 behind the 2006 and 2012 (10.5 terms) cycles.


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