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Michael Steele Seeks to Buck RNC History with Appeal for Second Term

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Over 75 percent of RNC Chairmen throughout history have served less than two full terms; 60 percent have served two years or less

Michael Steele ended weeks of will-he-or-won't-he speculation on Monday, with an announcement that he would seek another term as Chairman of the Republican National Committee (RNC).

The RNC will hold elections for its leadership officers in January, and Steele's announcement comes as a surprise to many Republicans (and a disappointment to some) who felt the GOP's sweeping gains in November came in spite of the Chairman's party leadership skills.

Steele, the former Lieutenant Governor of Maryland, is seeking a second term for what would be his third and fourth years as chairman.

And how unusual would it be for Steele to extend his stay as leader of the RNC through January 2013?

A Smart Politics review of past Republican National Committee chairmen finds that 76 percent (48 of 63) served less than four years, with only 15 former chairmen serving two or more full terms (24 percent).

If reelected, Steele will serve as chairman for at least four years, having been elected to the post in 2009. (Barring retirement or removal from office, which can occur under RNC rules with a vote of two-thirds of all RNC members).

Steele is seeking to buck a recent GOP trend that has seen a steady stream of new blood head the RNC over the past decade.

None of Steele's five predecessors served more than two years: Jim Gilmore (2001-2002), Marc Racicot (2002-2003), Ed Gillespie (2003-2005), Ken Mehlman (2005-2007), and Mike Duncan (2007-2009).

Overall, 60 percent of former Committee chairmen had tenures of two years or less (38 of 63), including nine of the last twelve dating back to 1981.

Thirty percent of RNC chairmen throughout history served less than two years (19 of 63).

Several Republicans have already lined up to become the Committee's 65th chairman, and, with Steele's spotty popularity among GOP leaders, it is unlikely many will drop out of the running despite his appeal for reelection on Monday.

Even if he wins a second term, Steele would have a long way to go to surpass the longest serving chairmen in RNC history.

Edwin Morgan, who would later become a U.S. Senator from New York, was the Party's first chairman, holding the office for eight years from 1856-1864.

Ohio Senator Marcus Hanna also held the post for eight years (1896-1904) while the third longest RNC chairman tenure was clocked in by Frank Fahrenkopf, Jr, who served for six years from 1983-1989.

The average length of service for the 63 RNC chairmen who preceded Steele was just shy of two years and five months.

Length of Service of Republican National Committee Chairmen, 1856-2009

Years
#
Percent
<1
4
6.3
1
15
23.8
2
19
30.2
3
10
15.9
4
12
19.0
6
1
1.6
8
2
3.2
Total
63
100.0
Note: Does not include the tenure of current Chairman Michael Steele. Table compiled by Smart Politics.

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Remains of the Data

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Only three of the Top 10 and nine of the Top 50 vote-getters of all time are currently serving in the chamber.

Political Crumbs

Six for Thirteen

Collin Peterson remarked last month that he is leaning to run for reelection to Minnesota's 7th Congressional District in 2016. If he does and is victorious, he will creep even closer to the top of the list of the longest-serving U.S. Representatives in Minnesota history. The DFL congressman is only the sixth Minnesotan to win at least 13 terms to the U.S. House of the 135 elected to the chamber in state history. Peterson trails 18-term DFLer Jim Oberstar (1975-2011), 16-term Republicans Harold Knutson (1917-1949) and August Andresen (1925-1933; 1935-1958), and 14-term DFLers Martin Sabo (1979-2007) and John Blatnik (1947-1974). Andresen died in office, Sabo and Blatnik retired, and Knutson and Oberstar were defeated at the ballot box in 1948 and 2010 respectively. At 70 years, 7 months, 11 days through Monday, Peterson is currently the ninth oldest Gopher State U.S. Representative in history. DFLer Rick Nolan of the 8th CD is the seventh oldest at 71 years, 1 month, 23 days.


Seeing Red

Congressman Nick Rahall's failed bid for a 20th term in West Virginia this cycle, combined with a narrow loss by Nick Casey to Alex Mooney in Shelley Moore Capito's open seat, means that West Virginia Democrats will be shut out of the state's U.S. House delegation for the first time in over 90 years. The Republican sweep by two-term incumbent David McKinley in the 1st CD, Mooney in the 2nd, and Evan Jenkins over Rahall in the 3rd marks the first time the GOP has held all seats in the chamber from West Virginia since the Election of 1920. During the 67th Congress (1921-1923) all six seats from the state were controlled by the GOP. Since the Election of 1922, Democrats have won 76 percent of all U.S. House elections in the Mountain State - capturing 172 seats compared to 54 for the GOP.


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