Go to HHH home page.
Smart Politics
 


South Dakota Edges Minnesota for Largest Population Growth Rate in Midwest

Bookmark and Share

South Dakota ends a string of three consecutive decades in which Minnesota led the 12-state region in rate of growth

Is it the tax incentives? The low unemployment rate? Or the growing regional prominence of its college football teams?

For a variety of reasons, new U.S. Census Bureau data released today finds South Dakota to be the fastest growing state in the Midwest over the past decade - ending a three decade run at the top by its neighbor to the east.

South Dakota's population grew by 7.9 percent for the 10-year span ending April 1, 2010 - from 754,844 to 814,180.

Minnesota's population, meanwhile, grew by 7.8 percent, from 4,919,479 to 5,303,925.

Although its rate of growth was nearly two points below the national average of 9.7 percent, Minnesota staved off the loss of a U.S. House seat for a fifth consecutive decade dating back to the 1970 Census.

The 12-state Midwest region as a whole, however, has shed 27 seats during the 50-year span since the 1960 Census, including six seats this cycle: two in Ohio and one each in Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri.

The six-seat loss for the Midwest is tied for the third largest in history - behind the eight-seat drops after the 1980 (121 to 113 seats) and 1990 (113 to 105 seats) Censuses. Six seats were also lost regionally after the 1930 and 1940 Censuses.

South Dakota's growth in 2010 ends a streak of three consecutive decades in which Minnesota had the fastest growing population in the Midwest.

Minnesota was the only Midwestern state to notch a double-digit rate of population increase after the 2000 Census (12.4 percent) after also leading the region with more modest gains of 7.3 percent and 7.1 percent during the 1990 and 1980 Censuses respectively.

Minnesota has been in the top half of Midwestern states for rate of population growth during each census period dating back to 1940.

South Dakota, meanwhile, had not ranked higher than sixth in population growth in the Midwest during any decade going all the way back to the 1920 Census.

However, the Mount Rushmore State's growth rate regionwide has gradually improved - from 11th for the ten-year periods ending in 1960 and 1970, 9th in 1980, and 6th in 1990 and 2000.

The 2010 Census also marks the first time since 1910 that South Dakota has been ranked in the top half of the nation in the rate of population growth - coming in at #25 with Minnesota at #26.

South Dakota had been ranked #48, #41, #39, and tied for #35 nationally for population growth rate across each of the previous four census periods dating back to 1970.

The Mount Rushmore state also experienced negative growth after the 1970 (-2.2 percent) and 1940 (-7.2 percent) Censuses, ranking last in the nation for the latter.

Although Minnesota escaped losing a seat once again, the Gopher State will have to pay the piper sooner or later: Minnesota's rate of population growth has been lower than the national average for each of the last seven decades.

Missouri had the third largest growth rate in the region at 7.0 percent, followed by Nebraska (6.7 percent), Indiana (6.6 percent), Kansas (6.1 percent), Wisconsin (6.0 percent), North Dakota (4.7 percent), Iowa (4.1 percent), Illinois (3.3 percent), Ohio (1.6 percent), and Michigan (-0.6 percent).

South Dakota and Minnesota Midwestern and National Population Growth Rate Rank by Census Period, 1910-2010

Census
SD Midwest
MN Midwest
SD National
MN National
1910
2
3
13
27
1920
7
3 (t)
36
20 (t)
1930
6
7
32
35
1940
12
1
50
21
1950
10
6
45
36
1960
11
6
43 (t)
24 (t)
1970
11
3
48
23 (t)
1980
9
1
41
33
1990
6
1
39
22
2000
6
1
35 (t)
21
2010
1
2
25
26
Note: Midwestern region states are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. National rank includes the Alaskan and Hawaiian Territories prior to 1960. Table compiled by Smart Politics from U.S. Census Bureau data.

Follow Smart Politics on Twitter.

Previous post: Reapportionment Election Cycles See Highest Turnover in Partisan Control of Presidency
Next post: Minnesota's Population Rank Over the Last 100 Years

Leave a comment


Remains of the Data

Is There a Presidential Drag On Gubernatorial Elections?

Only five of the 20 presidents to serve since 1900 have seen their party win a majority of gubernatorial elections during their administrations, and only one since JFK.

Political Crumbs

Strike Three for Miller-Meeks

Iowa Republicans had a banner day on November 4th, picking up both a U.S. Senate seat and one U.S. House seat, but Mariannette Miller-Meeks' defeat in her third attempt to oust Democrat Dave Loebsack in the 2nd CD means the GOP will not have a monopoly on the state's congressional delegation in the 114th Congress. The loss by Miller-Meeks (following up her defeats in 2008 and 2010) means major party nominees who lost their first two Iowa U.S. House races are now 0 for 10 the third time around in Iowa history. Miller-Meeks joins Democrat William Leffingwell (1858, 1868, 1870), Democrat Anthony Van Wagenen (1894, 1912 (special), 1912), Democrat James Murtagh (1906, 1914, 1916), Democrat Clair Williams (1944, 1946, 1952), Democrat Steven Carter (1948, 1950, 1956), Republican Don Mahon (1966, 1968, 1970), Republican Tom Riley (1968, 1974, 1976), Democrat Eric Tabor (1986, 1988, 1990), and Democrat Bill Gluba (1982, 1988, 2004) on the Hawkeye State's Three Strikes list.


Larry Pressler Wins the Silver

Larry Pressler may have fallen short in his long-shot, underfunded, and understaffed bid to return to the nation's upper legislative chamber, but he did end up notching the best showing for a non-major party South Dakota U.S. Senate candidate in more than 90 years. Pressler won 17.1 percent of the vote which is the best showing for an independent or third party U.S. Senate candidate in the state since 1920 when non-partisan candidate Tom Ayres won 24.1 percent in a race won by Republican Peter Norbeck. Overall, Pressler's 17.1 percent is good for the second best mark for a non-major party candidate across the 35 U.S. Senate contests in South Dakota history. Independent and third party candidates have appeared on the South Dakota U.S. Senate ballot just 25 times over the last century and only three have reached double digits: Pressler in 2014 and Ayres in 1920 and 1924 (12.1 percent). Pressler's defeat means he won't become the oldest candidate elected to the chamber in South Dakota history nor notch the record for the longest gap in service in the direct election era.


more POLITICAL CRUMBS

Humphrey School Sites
CSPG
Humphrey New Media Hub

Issues />

<div id=
Abortion
Afghanistan
Budget and taxes
Campaign finances
Crime and punishment
Economy and jobs
Education
Energy
Environment
Foreign affairs
Gender
Health
Housing
Ideology
Immigration
Iraq
Media
Military
Partisanship
Race and ethnicity
Reapportionment
Redistricting
Religion
Sexuality
Sports
Terrorism
Third parties
Transportation
Voting