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Will Christie Vilsack Make History for Iowa Women?

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Iowa would become the 45th state in the nation to elect a woman to the U.S. House if Vilsack defeats Steve King in November

christievilsack10.jpgIn one of three closely-watched U.S. House races on the ballot in Iowa this November, the Hawkeye State has one of its best chances to elect a woman to the nation's lower legislative chamber for the first time since statehood.

Christie Vilsack, wife of former two-term Governor and presidential candidate Tom Vilsack, is in a high profile, well-funded battle against five-term incumbent and conservative firebrand Steve King for the state's newly-drawn 4th Congressional District.

Nearly $6 million has been raised between King ($3.1 million) and Vilsack ($2.7 million) through September, with a third candidate - independent Martin Monroe - also appearing on the ballot in the race.

If Vilsack is able to upset Representative King - in a district most prognosticators rate as GOP-leaning - Iowa would become the 45th state to elect a woman to the House of Representatives.

Iowa is one of six states that has only elected men to the U.S. House - along with Alaska, Delaware, Mississippi, North Dakota, and Vermont.

But what differentiates Iowa on this list is that it boasts the largest population among these half-dozen states - and thus it has had by far many more opportunities to elect a woman over the decades.

For example, since the first woman was elected to the House in 1916 (Jeanette Rankin in Montana), Iowa has held 358 general election congressional district contests.

Mississippi has had 284 such elections, followed by North Dakota with 84, Vermont with 51, Delaware with 48, and Alaska with 27.

(Alaska, of course, has elected a woman to the U.S. Senate - Lisa Murkowski - while North Dakota has appointed a woman to the Senate - Jocelyn Burdick in 1992).

The first hurdle for women in breaking through this political wall is, of course, getting on the ballot.

In Iowa, only 27 female candidates have received a U.S. House major or third party nomination (or were nominated by petition and ran as an independent) through the 2012 cycle.

More than half of these candidacies have been launched since 2000, including eight major party nominees.

Democrats have nominated 14 of these 18 women compared to four for the Republican Party.

Vilsack is the 18th woman to land a major party nomination out of the 149 contests that have been conducted since 1962 when Republican Sonja Egenes made the first appearance on a congressional ballot by a woman in the Hawkeye State. (There have been 660 general and special U.S. House elections in Iowa since 1846).

In the 2010 cycle, Iowa came close to breaking this streak with Republican Mariannette Miller-Meeks winning 45.9 percent of the vote and losing by just 5.1 points to Democratic incumbent David Loebsack in the state's 2nd CD.

That marked a tie for the fourth best performance for a female congressional candidate in Iowa history, behind Democrats Lynne Cutler in 1980 (48.5 percent, 3rd CD), Elaine Baxter in 1992 (47.1 percent, 2nd CD), Connie McBurney in 1996 (46.7 percent, 4th CD), and tied with Democrat Donna Smith in 1996 (45.9 percent, 2nd CD).

In 2010, Socialist Workers party nominee Rebecca Williamson recorded the best mark by a non-major party female candidate when she won 2.6 percent of the vote in the 3rd CD race won by Democrat Leonard Boswell.

Vilsack is the only female candidate of the 14 major party, third party, and independent candidates running across the state's four districts this November.

Best Performances by Female U.S. House Candidates in Iowa

Year
CD
Candidate
Party
Percent
Place
# Candidates
1980
3
Lynne Cutler
Democrat
48.5
2
3
1992
2
Elaine Baxter
Democrat
47.1
2
3
1996
4
Connie McBurney
Democrat
46.7
2
5
2010
2
Mariannette Miller-Meeks
Republican
45.9
2
4
1996
2
Donna Smith
Democrat
45.9
2
4
2002
2
Julie Thomas
Democrat
45.7
2
3
1982
3
Lynne Cutler
Democrat
44.5
2
2
2000
2
Donna Smith
Democrat
43.7
2
3
2002
1
Ann Hutchinson
Democrat
42.6
2
2
1994
3
Elaine Baxter
Democrat
41.0
2
3
2008
4
Becky Greenwald
Democrat
39.4
2
2
1994
5
Sheila McGuire
Democrat
39.0
2
2
2008
2
Mariannette Miller-Meeks
Republican
38.8
2
4
1962
5
Sonja Egenes
Republican
37.2
2
2
2004
5
Joyce Schulte
Democrat
36.6
2
2
2006
5
Joyce Schulte
Democrat
35.6
2
4
1976
6
Joanne D. Soper
Republican
31.5
2
3
2010
3
Rebecca Williamson
Socialist Workers
2.6
3
3
2008
2
Wendy Barth
Green Party
2.2
3
4
2000
3
Sue Atkinson
Independence
2.2
3
5
2006
3
Helen Myers
Socialist Workers
1.6
3
3
2006
5
Cheryl Brodersen
Nominated by Petition
1.4
4
4
1988
1
Judy Stav-River
Nominated by Petition
0.9
3
3
1974
4
Donna Le Porte
American
0.6
3
3
1980
1
Gloria Williams
Socialist
0.4
4
4
1994
4
Angela Lariscy
Socialist Workers
0.3
5
5
Table compiled by Smart Politics.

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Strike Three for Miller-Meeks

Iowa Republicans had a banner day on November 4th, picking up both a U.S. Senate seat and one U.S. House seat, but Mariannette Miller-Meeks' defeat in her third attempt to oust Democrat Dave Loebsack in the 2nd CD means the GOP will not have a monopoly on the state's congressional delegation in the 114th Congress. The loss by Miller-Meeks (following up her defeats in 2008 and 2010) means major party nominees who lost their first two Iowa U.S. House races are now 0 for 10 the third time around in Iowa history. Miller-Meeks joins Democrat William Leffingwell (1858, 1868, 1870), Democrat Anthony Van Wagenen (1894, 1912 (special), 1912), Democrat James Murtagh (1906, 1914, 1916), Democrat Clair Williams (1944, 1946, 1952), Democrat Steven Carter (1948, 1950, 1956), Republican Don Mahon (1966, 1968, 1970), Republican Tom Riley (1968, 1974, 1976), Democrat Eric Tabor (1986, 1988, 1990), and Democrat Bill Gluba (1982, 1988, 2004) on the Hawkeye State's Three Strikes list.


Larry Pressler Wins the Silver

Larry Pressler may have fallen short in his long-shot, underfunded, and understaffed bid to return to the nation's upper legislative chamber, but he did end up notching the best showing for a non-major party South Dakota U.S. Senate candidate in more than 90 years. Pressler won 17.1 percent of the vote which is the best showing for an independent or third party U.S. Senate candidate in the state since 1920 when non-partisan candidate Tom Ayres won 24.1 percent in a race won by Republican Peter Norbeck. Overall, Pressler's 17.1 percent is good for the second best mark for a non-major party candidate across the 35 U.S. Senate contests in South Dakota history. Independent and third party candidates have appeared on the South Dakota U.S. Senate ballot just 25 times over the last century and only three have reached double digits: Pressler in 2014 and Ayres in 1920 and 1924 (12.1 percent). Pressler's defeat means he won't become the oldest candidate elected to the chamber in South Dakota history nor notch the record for the longest gap in service in the direct election era.


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