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Gathering of the Presidents: Trivia Edition

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Who was the last president to serve without any living ex-presidents? Who lived to see the most subsequent presidents? Who saw the most presidents die while in office?

georgewbush10.jpgThe unveiling of the George W. Bush Presidential Library in Dallas on Thursday gave a rare opportunity for the gathering of all five living U.S. Presidents, along with all five living First Ladies.

In honor of that occasion Smart Politics presents the following presidential trivia...

That's a lot of pensions

The largest number of living U.S. Presidents at any one time has been six - occurring three times in our nation's history:

· 1861-1862: With Martin Van Buren, John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan, and Abraham Lincoln. (Van Buren and Tyler both died in 1862).

· 1993-1994: Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton. (Nixon died in 1994).

· 2001-2004: Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush. (Reagan died in 2004 and then Ford in 2006).

Lonely at the top

Richard Nixon was the last president to serve without any other living ex-presidents.

Nixon began his first term in 1969 with three still alive, but Dwight Eisenhower died shortly in his first term (March 28, 1969), Harry Truman died near the end of his first term (December 26, 1972), and Lyndon Johnson died shortly after his second inauguration (January 22, 1973).

Nixon is one of five presidents to serve at least part of their terms without any living presidents.

Other than George Washington, that list includes John Adams (with Washington dying halfway into his term), Teddy Roosevelt (with Grover Cleveland dying at the end of his second term), and Herbert Hoover (with William Taft dying in 1930 and Calvin Coolidge dying in January 1933).

Dying on their watch

Nixon and Ulysses S. Grant are the only two presidents to see three ex-presidents die during their tenure.

During Grant's eight years in office Franklin Pierce (October 8, 1869), Millard Fillmore (March 8, 1874), and Andrew Johnson (July 31, 1875) all passed away.

Another seven presidents were in office while two of their predecessors died: John Quincy Adams (John Adams, Thomas Jefferson), Andrew Jackson (James Madison, James Monroe), James Polk (John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson), Abraham Lincoln (Martin Van Buren, John Tyler), Grover Cleveland (Ulysses Grant, Chester Arthur), Herbert Hoover (William Taft, Calvin Coolidge), and George W. Bush (Ronald Reagan, Gerald Ford).

You're no Zachary Taylor...

The ex-president who saw the largest number of presidents sworn into office was Martin Van Buren with eight.

Van Buren lived more than 21 years after his one term in the White House.

During that span William H. Harrison, John Tyler, James Polk, Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan, and Abraham Lincoln all became president.

John Tyler's post-presidency life overlapped with six presidents (Polk, Taylor, Fillmore, Pierce, Buchanan, and Lincoln) before his death on January 18, 1862.

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Remains of the Data

Who Has Won the Most Votes in US Senate Electoral History?

Only three of the Top 10 and nine of the Top 50 vote-getters of all time are currently serving in the chamber.

Political Crumbs

Six for Thirteen

Collin Peterson remarked last month that he is leaning to run for reelection to Minnesota's 7th Congressional District in 2016. If he does and is victorious, he will creep even closer to the top of the list of the longest-serving U.S. Representatives in Minnesota history. The DFL congressman is only the sixth Minnesotan to win at least 13 terms to the U.S. House of the 135 elected to the chamber in state history. Peterson trails 18-term DFLer Jim Oberstar (1975-2011), 16-term Republicans Harold Knutson (1917-1949) and August Andresen (1925-1933; 1935-1958), and 14-term DFLers Martin Sabo (1979-2007) and John Blatnik (1947-1974). Andresen died in office, Sabo and Blatnik retired, and Knutson and Oberstar were defeated at the ballot box in 1948 and 2010 respectively. At 70 years, 7 months, 11 days through Monday, Peterson is currently the ninth oldest Gopher State U.S. Representative in history. DFLer Rick Nolan of the 8th CD is the seventh oldest at 71 years, 1 month, 23 days.


Seeing Red

Congressman Nick Rahall's failed bid for a 20th term in West Virginia this cycle, combined with a narrow loss by Nick Casey to Alex Mooney in Shelley Moore Capito's open seat, means that West Virginia Democrats will be shut out of the state's U.S. House delegation for the first time in over 90 years. The Republican sweep by two-term incumbent David McKinley in the 1st CD, Mooney in the 2nd, and Evan Jenkins over Rahall in the 3rd marks the first time the GOP has held all seats in the chamber from West Virginia since the Election of 1920. During the 67th Congress (1921-1923) all six seats from the state were controlled by the GOP. Since the Election of 1922, Democrats have won 76 percent of all U.S. House elections in the Mountain State - capturing 172 seats compared to 54 for the GOP.


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