February 2011 Archives

Spring 2011 Event: Stephen Pender


April 13: Arrive UMTC
Lecture at Institute for Advanced Study for the "Reconfiguring Rhetorical Studies Collaborative," 4pm, Nolte Center
ABSTRACT: 'Anthropologie,' Rhetorical Therapy, the Passions

Among the theologians associated with the Westminster Confession, Charles Herle, vicar at Winwick, Lancashire, and Edward Reynolds, later bishop of Norwich, both explored ethics and 'policy,' prudence and the passions, in works published in the mid-seventeenth century. This paper investigates Herle's Wisdom's Tripos (1655) and Reynolds' popular A Treatise of the Passions and Faculties of the Soule of Man (1640, 1647, 1650, 1656, 1658) as early modern anthropological inquiry. According to an anonymous physician's Anthropologie Abstracted (1655), 'anthropologie' is "the History of Human Nature," with a focus on "the nature of the rational soul," the "fabrick or structure of man revealed in dissection," and the ligature between souls and bodies, spiritus. For Herle and Reynolds, the 'history of human nature' appears as strong ethical inquiry: while they examine the physiology of emotion, moral and intellectual virtues, their cultivation and exercise, organize their analyses. Herle treats psychic "motions and effluxes" and their remedies -- self-reflection and resolution, integrity and constancy -- while Edwards "Philosophical Miscellany" offers a very thick description of motive and passion, arguing that "passion, stirring up the spirits, and quickening the fancy," has "a direct influence upon the habits and manners of the mind." His cures for excessive passion include self-discipline and delay, robust redescription and distraction. Similarly, Herle insists that moral rectitude begins with discovering and 'reducing' inclination, "the bents and biasses of the mind," and flourishes in friendship, interest, and utility; his therapies include 'mixture,' abating vehement passions by mingling them with others, and diversion, in which narratives and exemplarity work to assuage "impetuous affection." Both excoriate stoic apathy. Here, I shall argue that, in the context of other contemporary inquiry, these texts -- A Treatise of the Faculties, Wisdom's Tripos, Anthropologie Abstracted -- constitute a Protestant anthropology.

6pm Dinner with Richard Graff (http://www.tc.umn.edu/~graff013/), Kim Thomas-Pollei (http://www.hprimer.com/about/) and limited others; email David Beard (dbeard@d.umn.edu) for information.
Retire to Radisson University: http://www.radisson.com/minneapolis-hotel-mn-55414/universi

April 14:
Lunch with interested scholars and students; email dbeard@d.umn.edu to be placed on Professor Pender's schedule
Dr. Pender will attend the "TEMS Work in progress - Very Able, Sordid, Cynical, Wrong Headed and Whimsical" at 4pm in Nolte 35
Afterwards, Dr. Pender will head to Duluth, MN.
Retire to Duluth Fitgers Hotel: http://www.fitgers.com/hotel.php

April 15: Arrive UMD
Breakfast at Fitgers or at Midi: http://www.midirestaurant.net/
Lunch with UMD undergraduate and graduate students, Noon, Room TBA
Readings will be distributed to interested lunch partners in advance
Lecture in Department of Philosophy, 2pm, ABAH 245
ABSTRACT: Affable Cities: Urbanity, Rhetoric, and Laughter

The king is sick, reason distrait, the passions up in arms: there is trouble in Pathopolis. The fictional urban setting for the anonymous university play, Pathomachia (acted c. 1616), Pathopolis initially appears in a colloquy of vice: Pride inquires of Malice about the rebellion's "Ring-leaders," and soon suggests that, since the passions intend to "reduce the Kingdome to a Senate, or popular State," the vices should renew their claim to the "Title of Affections." Susceptible to overrule by "inferiour" parts, the city witnesses protracted conflict, and Despair worries that such "discords will overthrow the Soule." By the end of the play, the affections are supplicants to the king, who embodies not only love but reason: they apologize for their revolt, and "crave ... a setled order." Restored to health by 'Urbanitie,' the king grants their suit.

In this paper, I focus on the lineage and effects of urbanity on passion and reason, on a sick king in a distracted city. In act two, Justice arrives with Urbanitie to "solace" the feeble king, and what follows is a spirited exchange about the relationship between wit and counsel, recreation and health, in which Urbanitie, who has been "at Athens," has the final word: "pleasant speech cannot come but from the integritie of the minde, free from a scowlding conscience." Pathomachia endorses counsel and urbanitas as flexible, responsive remedies to conversational sclerosis, sickness, and vulgarity; at Athens, urbanity is cousin to eutrapelia. Like the urbane, one who is equable in conversation, who is eutrapelos, is ready- witted, dextrous, profoundly responsive. The term occasionally suggests ribaldry, trickery, craft, but it appears in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics among the social virtues -- veracity, affability, and friendship -- as a mean between buffoonery and boorishness (1108a23-26). The figure is kinetic, since one who is eutrapelos is 'well-turning': while life includes rest, leisure, and amusement, only some intercourse, some civilis conversatio, is pleasant (1128b3-4). Those who are humorous tastefully, Aristotle argues, who promote relaxation and health, are versatile, tactful, and distinguished by "movements of character," just as bodies are apprehended by gait and gesture. This dynamic responsiveness is my entry into a history of urbanitas and laughter, both as forms of therapy and modes of derision. Perhaps because of its ostensible inscrutability, since antiquity laughter has been a source of controversy for orators and philosophers: here, I trace the history of laughter from ancient Greece through to the seventeenth century, and I finish with a consideration of laughter in Descartes, especially in The Passions of the Soul (1649), in which he cites only one text, Juan Luis Vives' De anima et vita (1538) on laughter.

Dinner with Faculty at Residence of David Gore. To join us, please email dbeard@d.umn.edu
Retire to Fitgers Hotel: http://www.fitgers.com/hotel.php and possibly http://brewhouse.net/

April 16: Day of Rest
Breakfast at Fitgers or at Midi: http://www.midirestaurant.net/
Free Shuttle to Airport; Return to Windsor

About Stephen Pender
Stephen Pender is a professor of English and a researcher at the Centre for Research in Reasoning, Argumentation & Rhetoric at the University of Windsor. His current research explores rhetoric, medicine, and emotion in early modern Europe. Some of Pender's recent publications include "Seeing, Feeling, Judging: Pain in the Early Modern Imagination," in Pain in Early Modern Culture (2008) and "Cultural Representations of the Body," in The History of the Human Body: the Renaissance (2008).

Stephen Pender, B. A., with high distinction (Toronto), M.A. (Queen's), Ph.D. (Toronto), is a specialist in the poetry and prose of early modern Britain, intellectual history, the history of medicine, and the history of rhetoric. Recently, he has published articles in Rhetorica, Early Science and Medicine, the British Journal for the History of Science, and the Dalhousie Review, as well as a number of chapters in collections of essays. He is currently at work on the relationship between rhetoric, medicine, and emotion in early modern England, medical thought in contemporary historiography, early modern ethics, the history of the imagination, and laughter. His work opens new ground in intellectual history, specifically the relationship between rhetoric, medicine, and forms of probable inference in early modern Europe. Dr. Pender has presented over thirty papers at national and international conferences, and has been invited to the Project on the Rhetoric of Inquiry at the University of Iowa to contribute to their 'New Rhetorics, New Histories' project and to Leiden University for a conference and collection of essays on pain in early modern Europe. In 2003, he co-edited The Common Sky: Canadian Writers against the War in Iraq (Three Squares Press); he is poetry editor for Three Squares, on the educational advisory board for The Walrus magazine, and has just published his first collection of poetry, Histologies (Toronto, 2007). With Nancy Struever, emeritus, Johns Hopkins University, he is editing a collection of essays on rhetoric and medicine in early modern Europe, and this year his monograph, Essaying the Body: Rhetoric, Medicine, and Emotion in Early Modern England, which was supported by a SSHRCC grant in intellectual history, will be finished. Dr. Pender is currently director of the Humanities Research Group, University of Windsor, and has been graduate chair in English (2005-2006), where he is an associate professor.

About the Rhetorical Studies Collaborative


The Rhetorical Studies Collaborative investigates the intersections in rhetorical studies across the disciplines of communication studies and composition. Its ongoing tasks are to undertake and promote research that moves beyond the departmental and disciplinary divisions that fragment the rhetorical tradition through presentation and collaborative review, to engage cutting-edge research in rhetoric, and to create conditions promoting undergraduate and graduate research projects which take advantage of the full scope of the rhetorical tradition.

UM Duluth Writing Studies
David Beard is co-author or author of
several articles in rhetorical history and criticism.
• Beard is co-editor (with Richards Enos) of Advances in the History of Rhetoric (Parlor Press).

UM Duluth Communication
David Gore is author of articles on political rhetoric and political economy as a field of inquiry, broadly.
Elizabeth Nelson (Associate Professor of Communication, UMD) is author of several articles in rhetorical criticism.
Michael Pfau is author of several articles in rhetorical criticism.
• Pfau is also author of The Political Style of Conspiracy: Chase, Sumner, and
(Michigan State University Press).

UW Superior
Deborah Schlacks University of Wisconsin Superior
Jamie White-Farnham University of Wisconsin Superior

UM Crookston
Mark Huglen is author of several articles in communication ethics and rhetorical criticism.
• Huglen is co author of Making Sense of Political Ideology: The Power of
Language in Democracy (
with Bernard Brock, James F. Klumpp, and Sharon
Howell) (Rowman & Littlefield) and co author of Poetic Healing: A Vietnam
Veteran's Journey from a Communication Perspective
, Revised and Expanded
Edition (with Basil B. Clark) (Parlor Press).

UM Twin Cities
Tim Behme UMTC Communication
Carol Berkenkotter UMTC Writing Studies
Richard Graff (Associate Professor of Writing Studies, UMTC) is author of articles on classical Greek rhetoric.
• Graff is co-editor of The Viability of the Rhetorical Tradition (SUNY Press), with Janet Atwill and Arthur Walzer. (returning collaborator)
Alan Gross (Professor of Communication Studies, UMTC) is author of articles in rhetorical criticism of science and rhetorical theory.
• Gross is author of The Rhetoric of Science (Harvard University Press), Starring the Text: The Place of Rhetoric in Science Studies (SIU Press), Communicating Science (Oxford University Press)
• Gross is co-author of Chaim Perelman (with Ray Dearin; SUNY Press).
• Gross is co-editor (with William Keith) of Rhetorical Hermeneutics (SUNY
Press), co editor (with Arthur Walzer) of Rereading Aristotle's Rhetoric (SIU
Press) and co editor (with Joseph Harmon) of The Scientific Literature: A Guided
• Gross is also editor of a book series in the Rhetoric of Science for Parlor Press.
Kirsten Jameson UMTC Writing Studies
Arthur Walzer (Professor of Communication Studies, UMD) is author of several articles on the rhetorical tradition and rhetorical criticism.
• Walzer is author of George Campbell (SUNY Press).
• Walzer is co-editor of The Viability of the Rhetorical Tradition (with Richard
Graff and Janet Atwill) (SUNY Press) and of Rereading Aristotle's Rhetoric (with Alan Gross) (SIU Press).
• Walzer is also a series editor in rhetorical studies for SIU Press.

Past Participating Faculty from across the US
James Aune, Texas A&M, is author of articles in both rhetorical theory and the rhetoric of public address.
• Aune is author of Rhetoric and Marxism (Westview Press) and of Selling the Free Market: The Rhetoric of Economic Correctness (Guilford).
• Aune is co-editor (with Martin J. Medhurst) of The Prospect of Presidential
(Texas A&M University Press). and (with Enrique Rigsby) of Civil
Rights Rhetoric and the American Presidency
(Texas A & M University Press).
Elizabeth Birmingham, NDSU, is author of several articles on the rhetorical criticism of modern architectural discourse, as well as works at the intersection of rhetorical studies and women's studies.
Kevin Brooks, NDSU, is author of several works on new technologies and rhetorical studies, from a theoretical as well as pedagogical perspective.
Roger Graves University of Alberta
Joshua Gunn, University of Texas (Austin), is author of several articles in rhetorical theory, rhetorical criticism of public address and the disciplinary history of
rhetorical studies.
• Gunn is author of Modern Occult Rhetoric: Mass Media and the Drama of
Secrecy in the Twentieth Century
(Alabama Press).
Debra Hawhee, Penn State University, is author of several articles on classical and modern rhetorical theory.
• Hawhee is author of Bodily Arts: Rhetoric and Athletics in Ancient Greece
(University of Texas Press).
• Hawhee is co-author (with Sharon Crowley) of Ancient Rhetorics for
Contemporary Students
(Pearson Longman).
Marguerite Helmers, UW-Oshkosh, has written articles on both visual rhetorical studies and more traditional work in Composition and English Studies.
• Helmers is author of Writing Students: Composition, Testimonials, and
Representations of Students
(SUNY Press) and of The Elements of Visual
(Pearson Longman).
•Helmers is editor of Intertexts: Reading Pedagogy in College Writing
(Erlbaum) and of The Traveling and Writing Self (Cambridge Scholars Press).
• Helmers is co-editor (with Charles Hill) of Defining Visual Rhetorics (Erlbaum).
• Helmers serves as editor of the Visual Rhetoric series at Parlor Press.
William Howell UT Permian Basin
James Floyd University of Central Missouri
William Keith, UW-Milwaukee, is author of several articles in both the history of rhetorical studies and rhetorical criticism.
• Keith is author of Democracy as Discussion (Lexington Books).
• Keith is co-editor of Rhetorical Hermeneutics (with Alan Gross) (SUNY Press).
Steve Mailloux Loyola Marymount
Kenneth Marunowski (Independent Artist and Scholar) is author of
several articles on rhetorical analysis of visual texts, as well as creator of a body of paintings of note.
Sara Newman, Kent State University, is author of several articles on the rhetorical
theory of metaphor and rhetorical analyses of medical texts.
• Newman is author of Aristotle and Style (Mellen).
Brett Ommen University of North Dakota
Maegan Parker Brooks University of Puget Sound
Juli Parrish University of Denver
Dennis Stampe UW-Madison
Kari Whittenberger-Keith UW-Milwaukee