Antibiotic resistance, camouflage, exinction...
Small changes in enzyme function can lead to surprisingly large fitness effects during adaptive evolution of antibiotic resistance "Using experimental evolution and deep sequencing to monitor the allelic frequencies of the seven most biochemically efficient TetX2 mutants in 10 independently evolving populations, we showed that the model correctly predicted the success of the two most beneficial variants"
Early evolution and ecology of camouflage in insects Lacewings were carrying "trash" (parts of ferns) as camouflage 110 million years ago.
The Evolutionary Landscape of Alternative Splicing in Vertebrate Species "Within 6 million years, the splicing profiles of physiologically equivalent organs diverged such that they are more strongly related to the identity of a species than they are to organ type."
Mass extinction of lizards and snakes at the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary "The recovery was prolonged; diversity did not approach Cretaceous levels until 10 My after the extinction"
Equatorial decline of reef corals during the last Pleistocene interglacial "poleward range expansions of reef corals occurring with intensified global warming today may soon be followed by equatorial range retractions. "