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Risk Factors

Emergency medical services personnel (EMSP) are inherently engaged in a variety of situations where occupationally-related hazards can develop. Due to the nature of the work, which often involve quick and stress induced reactions along with risky maneuvers to prevent the loss of life, occupational hazards can occur at any time during an emergency event. When EMSP are called to an emergency event, time is a crucial factor; the faster the EMSP arrives at the scene, the higher the chance of preserving life. Often the EMS is engaged in high-risk driving maneuvers which can include driving at higher speeds and driving against the flow of traffic [6]. These factors, along with other risk factors such as rural vs. urban driving, driver training and previous driver citations contribute to the overall risk of EMSP-related morbidity and mortality from EV crashes [8].