Trends

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), between 1991 and 2000, emergency vehicles (EV) (ambulance, fire, and police) were involved in 301,404 nonfatal crashes and 1,565 fatal crashes [4]. The location where most of the crashes occurred were at intersections [5], which accounted for 85% of all EV injury crashes [6]. Between 2000 and 2009 (refer to Figure 1), EVs were involved in a total of 887 fatal crashes, resulting in 1,568 fatalities [7]. The FARS database for EV-use crashes contains a collection of EMSP, patients, occupants in other vehicles, and pedestrian fatalities. To determine if the fatalities were EMSP-specific, individual case files would have to be analyzed by way of assessing driver seat location, rear compartment (if in ambulance) and type of vehicle.

(Figure 1)Emergency Vehicle Use: Fatal Crashes and Deaths (1994-2009)
Data obtain from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Encyclopedia