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June 2007 Archives

Higher population or row spacing?

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D. R. Hicks, T.S. Hoverstad, and S.R. Quiring
Agronomy and Plant Genetics, University of Minnesota

As corn yields continue to increase, there's interest in whether row spacing can be reduced to push yields to the next level. We reported 8% higher yields for 20 inch spaced rows compared with 30 inch rows from a three year, three location study conducted in the early '90's. And plant population studied during that same time showed optimum populations to be 30000 plants per acre. Current row spacing and population studies include 20 and 30 inch spaced rows with populations ranging from 16000 to 36000 plants per acre.

The row spacing results are given in Table 1. At Waseca, corn yields were consistently higher each year for 20 compared with 30 inch rows. The average over years was 12 bu/a. But, at Lamberton the reverse was the case; 30 inch rows yielded 11 bushels higher such that the six year location average shows yields not different for the two row spacings.

There was a different response to plant population. At both locations corn yields continued to increase as population increased up to 36000 plants per acre. The response to increasing populations was consistent at both locations and for each of the three years of the study (Table 2). Yields were significantly higher at 36000 plants per acre compared with 32000 plants per acre, which is close to our current population recommendations.

The results of these current population and row spacing studies suggest that growers should consider higher plant populations before row spacing changes.

Table 1. Effect of row spacing on corn yields at the Southern and Southwest Research and Outreach Centers.

  2004 2005 2006 Average  
Row spacing (inches)

Grain Yield (Bu/A)

30 183 191 188 187  
20 194 201 201 199  
  2004 2005 2006 Average 6 Year-Loc Average
30 170 197 165 177 182
20 159 177 162 166 182

Table 2. Effect of plant population on corn yields at the Southern and Southwest Research and Outreach Centers, 2004-2006.

Plant Population (Plts/A)

Waseca grain yield (Bu/A)

Lamberton grain yield (Bu/A) 6 Year-Loc Average grain yield (Bu/A)
16000 159 144 152
20000 181 160 171
24000 189 170 180
28000 197 178 187
32000 206 184 195
36000 225 191 208

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