Extra Credit: 4/27 and 4/29

The Missing Picture
Phnom Penh-born director Rithy Panh moved to Paris after the Khmer Rouge forced him and his family from his home and into a labor camp in 1975. "A gripping, fascinating and visually arresting memoir" (Film.com), The Missing Picture explores his quest for a "photograph" taken between the years 1975 and 1979 by the Khmer Rouge when they ruled over Cambodia.

April 25, 2014, 7:30 pm
April 26, 4pm
April 26, 7:30 pm

Place: Walker Cinema
Price: $9 ($7 Walker members and seniors; $5 students)

Aloha America: Hula Circuits Through the U.S. Empire
Date: 04/29/2014
Time: 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Location: 101 Walter Library
Adria L. Imada is associate professor in the Department of Ethnic Studies and affiliate faculty in the Critical Gender Studies program at University of California, San Diego.

Her book, Aloha America: Hula Circuits through the U.S. Empire, about the relationship between U.S. imperial expansion and Hawaiian hula performance, was published by Duke University Press in 2012. It received three prizes in 2013: the Lawrence W. Levine Prize for best cultural history from the Organization of American Historians; best first book in women's history from the Berkshire Conference of Women Historians; and Outstanding Publication Award from the Congress on Research in Dance (co-recipient).


Wed. Apr. 9: SE Asian Americans

Tou Saiko Lee, "Hmong Hip Hop Heritage," New York Times, July 28, 2010

Paper #3 Links and Guide

Due in class: Wednesday, April 23
Guidelines Model Minority Paper.docx

On-line links
-Ellen Wu, "Asian Americans and the 'model minority' myth", LA Times, Jan. 23, 2014

-Amy Chua and Jeb Rubenfeld, "What Drives Success?" New York Times, Jan. 26, 2014

-Julianne Hing, "Asian Americans Respond to Pew: We're Not Your Model Minority," Color Lines, June 21, 2012

-Jennifer Lee, "Don't Tell Amy Chua: Mexicans are the Most Successful Immigrants," Time, Feb. 25, 2014

Wed. March 12: Immigrant Stories Website

Click here to learn more about the Immigrant Stories project and to watch sample digital stories

Comments on Paper #1 (Angel Island)

General Comments on the Paper Strengths and Weaknesses (from Hui-han Jin and Prof. Lee)

1. Be clear about your argument at the first paragraph. For example, if you want to compare the different gendered treatments among Chinese and Japanese, you should point this out right at the beginning. It is very important for readers to catch your main idea. Those who got A/B usually had very strong and clear arguments.

2. Be specific about historical facts in timely order. For example, instead of saying many laws were enforced to bar the Chinese labors, try to put "the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882 was passed to bar the Chinese labors." It is also important to point out the cause and effect chronologically between different historical events. For example, the Gold Rush, the anti-Chinese movement and the Chinese Exclusion Act are closely related, how they were interrelated and what were the impacts of these movements should be logically connected, not just "mention" those terms. It sometimes make differences between C and A/B. What I would recommend to improve this is to think about why, who, when, where, and how while you organize your paper, you have to convince yourself with logical details before convincing your readers.

3. Be aware of the importance of historical context. Many of you paid great efforts quoting examples or personal stories from the book, but what was missing was the historical context of these stories. For example, what made the general treatments between Chinese and Japanese different was not just individual circumstances, but the different laws, the international status of these countries and their relations with the US. This point will be important when organizing the Fred Korematsu paper.

If you have questions about this paper, please make an appointment to see Hui-Han Jin.

Feb. 19-Mar. 12: Japanese American Incarceration during WW2

Why were Japanese Americans Interned?
Long-standing racial prejudice in both countries
Increased Yellow Peril fears, 1930s
----fear of Japanese espionage
----fear of Japanese invasion
----loyalty of Japanese Americans questioned
War Hysteria
Politics, not National Security

Pearl Harbor
"Aftermath of Pearl Harbor" (Densho Project)
Reflections on Pearl Harbor
Interview with Daniel Inouye
-Increased anxiety about national security after attack
-West coast leaders push for internment
-Rationale for "military necessity" - removal of Japanese is necessary for security of Pacific Coast

Executive Order 9066
"Military Necessity" Rationale
-Lieutenant General John L. DeWitt
-"New Order on Aliens Awaited," San Francisco News, March 2, 1942
-"Gov. Olson (California) Wants All Japs Moved," San Francisco News, 3/6/42
-"Their Best Way to Show Loyalty," San Francisco News, 3/6/42
"Removal and Incarceration" (Densho Project)
U.S. Government Film on "Military Necessity"
-No proof of any sabotage by Japanese Americans
-Removal and incarceration violated the 5th Amendment of the Constitution ("due process of law") and the 14th Amendment ("equal protection under the law for all citizens")

Japanese American Responses
-Legal Challenges
-Korematsu v. US: Supreme Court held that the wartime internment of American citizens of Japanese descent was constitutional.
-Accommodation as an expressions of loyalty
-Service in the military
-No-no boys - draft resisters

How did the Korematsu Case Get Overturned in the 1980s?
-1960s civil rights movements challenge U.S. policies of discrimination
-Changing attitudes about discrimination, racial equality, social inclusion, righting historical injustices
-Asian American activism: Japanese Americans begin to organize to remember, preserve Asian American history and to seek redress and reparations for wartime actions
-Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (1979-1983) reports that a "grave injustice" was done to Japanese Americans
-Academic research finds that the government withheld evidence casting doubt on the "military necessity" of exiling and incarcerating Japanese Americans
-"Righting a Wrong" (Densho Project)
-"Coram Nobis" writ on Korematsu provided that a conviction can be vacated if new evidence can be shown to cast doubt on legality of conviction
-U.S. District Court Judge Marilyn Patel overturns conviction in 1983: ""It stands as a caution that in times of distress the shield of military necessity and national security must not be used to protect governmental actions from close scrutiny and accountability."

Links for Paper #2
Paper #2 Guidelines - download 3877_WW2_Paper.docx

If you register at the free Densho Archive you gain access to an amazing array of historical documents (including full video interviews) related to the four cases.

If you do not want to register for the archive, you can still use the Densho Encyclopedia to access articles, documents, and short interview excerpts about the four cases.

Summary of Fred Korematsu v. U.S., 320 U.S. 115 (1943)

National Public Radio: "Honoring a Japanese American Who Fought Against Internment Camps," Feb. 2, 2014

Fred Korematsu Obituary, New York Times, April 1, 2005

Paper #1 (Angel Island) - due Feb. 19

Paper Guidelines 3877 Paper 1.docx
Writing Tips Writing_Tips.docx

Grading Rubric Paper_Rubric_ELee.pdf

Extra Credit: Tues. March 11, 2014: Race for Empire Book Event

Race for Empire: Koreans as Japanese and Japanese as Americans during World War Two

Tuesday, March 11, 2014 at 3:00pm
Prof. Takashi Fujitani, University of Toronto
125 Nolte Center, 315 Pillsbury Drive SE

Monday, March 10, 2014 @ 3:00pm
Prof. Takashi Fujitani, University of Toronto
125 Nolte Library, 315 Pillsbury Drive SE

If you are interested in the topic of Clint Eastwood's "Asian" movies, a discussion the IAS held several years ago with the Hmong actors in Gran Torino (several of whom are local) might be of interest.

Feb. 5: In the News

"Chinese New Year: 'Flood' of Top Brands Now Marketing to Chinese Residents of North America" Huffington Post, Jan. 31, 2014

"Second Class Noncitizens," New York Times, Jan. 30, 2014

"What Drives Success?" Amy Chua and Jed Rubenfeld, New York Times, Jan. 25, 2014

The 'Tiger Mom' Superiority Complex - A new book from Amy Chua and Jed Rubenfeld seeks to explain why some groups succeed in America, and some fail. But when does cultural pride cross over into racism? TIME, by Suketu Mehta, Feb. 3, 2014

"There's Nothing New About the New Racism - A new book by 'Tiger Mom' Amy Chua claims to explain why some groups fail and others succeed. We've heard this all before" TIME, by Anna Holmes, Jan. 24, 2014