Feb. 11: Irish Immigration and Anti-Catholic Nativism

Immigration in the News: "Second-Generation Americans: A Portrait of the Adult Children of Immigrants" (Pew Research Center)


The "Great Hunger:" Irish Potato Famine, 1840s
-30-40% of the crop is destroyed in 1845
-1846 - blight returns and destroys 80% of the crop
-More than 1 million people died of starvation and famine-related diseases

Famine Migration, 1846-1855
-1.5 million fled to the United States
-"America Wake": modified funeral wake to say farewell to immigrants and to express despair and loss over parting (Kerby Miller)

Irish Immigrants in America
-"Exile" migration (Kerby Miller)
-Poverty, crime, family conflict (Hasia Diner)

Anti-Catholic Nativism in 19th Century America
-"Nativism"- opposition to immigrants and immigration; privileges the "native-born" peoples of a nation
-Growth in immigration produced anxiety amongst native-born Americans because "new" Irish Catholic immigrants were not assimilating and they not desirable citizens

"Know Nothing" (American) Party
-formed 1849
-National platform including assimilating immigrants and modifying naturalization laws to require 21-years of residence
-Ideology (see Tyler Anbinder)

-"Irish Americans" Cartoons from Harper's Weekly

About this Entry

This page contains a single entry by erikalee published on February 10, 2013 12:26 PM.

Feb. 6: European Immigration and National Expansion in Early 19th Century America was the previous entry in this blog.

Feb. 13: Immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe is the next entry in this blog.

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