Senate group resolves key issues on immigration reform, March 31, 2013, Reuters
Cold War/Civil Rights
-Cold War/Civil Rights - how did the Cold War affect domestic civil rights? and new attitudes about immigration?
-President John F. Kennedy and his Nation of Immigrants book
1965 Immigration Act
Abolished the restrictive national origins system originally passed in 1924
Gave priority to "family reunification" so that U.S. citizens and permanent residents could sponsor the following types of immigrants in this order of preference:
1. Unmarried children under 21 years of age of U.S. citizens
2. Spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents
3. Professionals, scientists, and artists "of exceptional ability"
4. Married children over 21 years of age and their spouses and children of U.S. citizens
5. Siblings and their spouses and children of U.S. citizens
6. Workers in occupations with labor shortages
7. Political refugees
Each country in the eastern hemisphere was given a quota of 20,000
Countries in the western hemisphere would not be subject to any quotas (quotas added later)
New Immigration - Total Number of Immigrants Admitted by Country, Continent, 1971-2002
North America: 9.8M
South America: 1.5M
Definition of Hispanic or Latino Origin Used in the 2010 Census
"Hispanic or Latino" refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.
More than half of the growth in the total population of the United States between 2000 and 2010 was due to the increase in the Hispanic population.
- In 2010, there were 50.5 million Hispanics in the United States, composing 16 percent of the total population
- Between 2000 and 2010, the Hispanic population grew by 43 percent--rising from 35.3 million in 2000, when this group made up 13 percent of the total population.
New Immigration - the Case of Filipinos
-Fled recessive government regime of Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines (1965-85) controlled the media, legislature; corruption and arrest of dissidents
-U.S.-Philippines post-colonial relationship facilitates migration
-"Brain Drain" phenomena of migration
"Brain Drain" from the Philippines to U.S.
-Best and brightest leave due to lack of opportunities; creates cyclical problems; country has less ability to fix fundamental economic, political, and social problems that spur emigration in the first place
-"The Learning" (POV)
-"Leaving home for greener pastures"
-"Working in Baltimore"