September 7, 2006

Final Essay Style Sheet

Final Essay Style Sheet
Structure
The essay should have three parts and be written in an objective style rather than a personal one. The three parts of the essay are the introduction, the argument and the conclusion.

The introduction should include your thesis statement or a clear statement of the question you are addressing and a brief discussion of the sources or materials you chose to research the question and why you chose them.

The argument should develop your question or your thesis and persuade the reader of your conclusion. It should include several examples that support your argument; In a short paper like this one, three is a good number.

The conclusion should restate your research question, briefly review or summarize your argument and state your conclusions.

You should use at least two published references. Instructor’s lectures and the course texts do not count for references. Use the bibliographies in the texts to find other more appropriate references. You can also come to my office during office hours and we will work together to find appropriate references together.

Reference style
Any statement of fact or reference to information from the research literature or data should be accompanied by a footnote reference. The first reference to a book, article or other work should include full references. Later references to the same work can be abbreviated. The reference should also include the page numbers the reference can be found on. In other words, where the author made the point you are referring to. See below examples of footnote reference style. Instructor’s lectures cannot be used as a reference.

1. First reference:

Jacques Gernet. A History of Chinese Civilization, trans. J. R. Foster and Charles Hartman, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1982. 21-30.

Lydia Liu. “The Female Body and Nationalist Discourse: Manchuria in Xiao Hong’s Field of Life and Death? in Angela Zito and Tani Barlow, Eds. Body, Subject and Power in China. California: The University of California Press, 1994. 157-180

Feng Menglong. Xingshi heng yan [Lasting words to awaken the world]. Reprint, Hong Kong: Zhonghua shuju, 1978. 59.

Mary Louise Nagata, HIST 3461 website, , December 2, 2004, 11:57am.

2. Second references for the above works:
Gernet, A History of Chinese Civilization, 58.

Liu, “The Female Body and Nationalist Discourse: Manchuria in Xiao Hong’s Field of Life and Death,? 157-180.

Feng, “Xingshi hengyan,? 59.

, April 2, 2004.

3. Bibliographic references for the above works:
Jacques Gernet. A History of Chinese Civilization, trans. J. R. Foster and Charles Hartman, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1982. 21-30.

Lydia Liu. “The Female Body and Nationalist Discourse: Manchuria in Xiao Hong’s Field of Life and Death? in Angela Zito and Tani Barlow, Eds. Body, Subject and Power in China. California, The University of California Press, 1994. 157-180

Feng Menglong. Xingshi hengyan [Lasting words to awaken the world]. Reprint, Hong Kong: Zhonghua shuju, 1978. 59.

Mary Louise Nagata, HIST 3461 website, , December 2, 2004, 11:57am.

Note that the names for the authors of Chinese language publications are given in Chinese order, surname first and then personal name without comma. Authors of English language publications are given First Name Surname in the footnote references and Surname, First Name in the bibliographical reference. Footnote page numbers should refer only to the pages in the work that discuss or specifically make the point or reference you are referring to. The bibliographical reference should show all of the pages of the work.

The final essay should be 5-10 pages in length. This does not include the bibliography. The bibliography should include at least two and preferably more references consulted and used to address the research question. Of course, every reference used in the paper should also appear in the bibiliography.

Posted by fang0058 at 10:19 AM