REM Behavior Disorder
In the chapters that we recently read, we learned about rapid eye movement (REM) and non-rapid eye movement (NREM). We learned that NREM is divided into four stages and vivid dreams occur during REM. During REM stage, breathing is irregular, blood pressure rise, and there is a loss of muscle tone.
Rapid eye movement behavior disorder (RBD) is a disorder that occurs during REM stage. Paralysis that usually occurs during REM sleep is incomplete or absent, allowing people to "act out" their dreams. The characteristic of dreams that qualified for being REM Behavior disorder are action that may be intense, vivid, and violent. Talking, yelling, punching, kicking, sitting, jumping from bed, arm flailing, and grabbing are some of dream-enacting behaviors.
RBD is a type of parasomnia, which is a condition that occurs during sleep and creates a disruptive event. It is similar to other sleep disorders that involve motor activity, such as sleepwalking and periodic limb movement disorder.
The cause of RBD is unknown, although it may occur in association with various degenerative neurological conditions such as Parkinson Disease and multisystem atrophy.
The fact that a person who do have RBD act out violent and intense behavior, it will be safe for their partner to move dangerous objects out of reach. Also people that have RBD do injured themselves without knowing so it would be helpful to move furniture in the bedroom out of the way so they have least chance of running into them and getting hurt.
There are medications that are available for people with RBD. Clonazepam is known to be highly effective in the treatment of RBD. It is known to work in the first night that the mediations are taken or most likely show progress in a week. Other medications such as antidepressant can be effective of RBD, depending on the person.
Here is a video clip of how people with REM behavior disorder act during their sleep.