Cut-out animation is a specific technique for producing animations using flat backgrounds, characters, and props. The elements can be cut from materials like paper, cardstock, fabric, or collage elements and photographs. The earliest surviving cut-out animation was make in Argentina by Quirino Cristani in the early 1900's out of cardboard cutouts. Another notable figure in animation is Lotte Reiniger. In 1926 she made the first full-length animated feature in movie history called The Adventures of Prince Achmed which was a retelling of the tales included in The Arabian Nights. She used cutouts of cardboard and thin sheets of lead on glass. Today this form of animation can be made in a variety of ways, both traditionally with physical cutouts and on the computer, with scanned images, vector graphics or Photoshop images.
http://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/sgrais/cutout_animation.htm Paper Cut Outs:
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