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4-H Glossary

The Glossary can also be found in the 4-H Family Handbook. 4-H_Family-Handbook.pdf


Adult Leader - Adult that volunteers his/her time to help 4-H members with projects.

Adventures - 4-H Adventures are fun, short term learning experiences offered at the local,regional and state level that are designed to reach new youth audiences and families. Current 4-H members are often invited to participate as well.

Ambassadors - A group of youth leaders who promote 4-H.

Animal ID Form - Special forms (also referred to as ownership affidavits) that members enrolled in sheep, swine, beef, dairy, horse, goat, dog or rabbits are required to complete and submit by an established deadline if they desire to exhibit animals at a county or state event.

Arts-In - A musical created by youth. Youth directors choose a theme, music and choreography. Performances are given at the county and state fair.
Awards Night - An evening to give awards and recognition to county youth, adults, friends and businesses. Many clubs choose to have banquets or awards ceremonies on the club level.

Awards Program - The Awards Program is an annual event in most counties. It is a chance to recognize the outstanding achievements and efforts of 4-H members and volunteers. 4-H Clubs may have awards programs of their own as well.

Beef & Dairy Steer Identification - All market beef and dairy steers must be properly weighed and tagged with an official MN State 4-H ear tag by February 15th. Contact county office for county procedure specifics.

Beginner - 4-H'ers between 3rd - 5th grade (except with 4-H Shooting Sports "beginner" is 4th - 6th grade).

BLU-Building Leadership & Understanding-The State 4-H Ambassadors offer winter, overnight leadership activities for any youth in grades 6-12. Each retreat offers tracks for 6th-8th graders and 9th-12th graders focusing on leadership, communication, community service and youth and adult partnerships.

Bulletins - Each project has valuable information for the 4-H'er to use during the year. The information was written by University specialists and serves as suggested areas of study in 4-H project work. Bulletins are ordered on the record/bulletin order form at the beginning of the 4-H year and may be free or have a small fee.

Camps - Overnight or one day experiences often open to non 4-H members, as well as members and their friends who wish to explore new learning, adventures and fun.

Camp Counselor Training - A training session for older 4-H'ers who desire to be counselors at 4-H camps. Youth learn what is expected of a camp counselor and meet other 4-H'ers from throughout the area.

Citizenship - One of the philosophies upon which 4-H was founded. Every 4-H'er does his/her part to be an active citizen and to be involved in the community.

Citizenship Washington Focus - 4-H members who have completed ninth grade are eligible to attend this week long event in Washington, D.C. Seminars and workshops exploring current issues are held at the National 4-H Center. An opportunity to learn about our government and how it works, while meeting other youth from across the country.

Clothing Day - A clothing judging event offered in some counties involving the fit and construction of sewn or purchased garments.

Cloverbuds - Cloverbuds are youth in Kindergarten through grade three. Third graders have the option of joining a club opportunity or remaining in the non-competitive Cloverbud activities.

Club Leader - One or two adults from each club responsible for helping club officers run meetings and be the spokesperson between club and county personnel.

Communication Arts Contest - An event held in some counties where youth may present Public Speaking, Interpretive Reading, Creative Writing, Photo Story, Cartooning or a Promotional Poster. Youth are judged in age levels.

Community Pride - Community pride projects are conducted by 4-H Clubs throughout the year. These projects allow youth to become engaged in the community to see where they can make a difference. Each club is encouraged to develop a Community Pride display to showcase their project at the County Fair. Winning exhibits advance to State Fair.

Conference Judging - Conference style judging provides an opportunity for fair exhibits to be evaluated through a discussion between the judge and the 4-H member. 4-H'ers and judges can discuss the learning and future goals.

County Fair - The County Fair is an exciting opportunity to highlight 4-H members experiences during the year. Project exhibits can be made; animal shows are held; groups may perform etc. County Fair is a time to share what 4-H has to offer with members of the larger community.

Curriculum Guide - On-line resource that lists the 4-H educational curriculum available in each project area.

Day Camp - Participants learn through activities including educational sessions, recreation, food, fun and crafts.

Demonstrations - Demonstrations are public presentations that give 4-H'ers an opportunity to share something they have learned with others. Demonstrations may include visual aids, and hands-on learning by the audience. Members may demonstrate at club meetings and/or at the county and state level.

Dog Show - 4-H members enrolled in the Dog Project participate with their canine in dog training and demonstrate their skills during the show. The county dog show may be held during the fair or at another time during the summer.

Enrollment Form - A form completed by every 4-H member at the beginning of their 4-H experience indicating which project areas youth will enroll. 4-H enrollment is an annual process.

Extension Committee - A committee including the county auditor, two county commissioners and appointed members of the community who are responsible for County Extension Service budgeting, programming and public relations. Members are appointed by County Commissioners.

4-H PLUS (Project Learner User Sheets) - One page flyers (front and back) that provide a general introduction to each project. Available on-line at www.fourh.umn.edu or from your County Extension Office.

Fashion Revue- Is an opportunity to show the public how the clothes you constructed or purchased look on you. It's a great chance to practice poise and to build confidence in front of people. Fashion Revue can be held at the County Fair or another time and place.

Favorite Food Show - An event held in some counties in which 4-H'ers bring a serving of their selected food displayed with a place setting and centerpiece appropriate for the occasion and menu. 4-H'ers are evaluated on their display, their menu, the chosen food and their knowledge of food and nutrition information.

Federation - Youth and adults representing each of the counties 4-H clubs meet on a county level to discuss program direction, events, activities and issues that will help to build and strengthen the county 4-H program. In some counties, this group is called the 4-H Council or Leader's Council.

Food Revue - 4-H youth plan a menu, table setting, food item, costs per serving and nutritional value of that item. Youth are conference judged.
Food Stand - The 4-H Food Stand is a fund raising opportunity during the County Fair. 4-H families run the stand. Profits from the food stand support local 4-H events and activities.

Intermediate - 4-H'ers between 6th - 8th grade (except 4-H Shooting Sports which is 7 - 9th grade).

Interstate Exchange - Traveling to other states or hosting 4-H'ers from across the nation is a great way to meet 4-H'ers and learn about their state.

Judging Evaluation Sheets - Project evaluation sheets are often used by judges when evaluating project work. Members can access these sheets on-line to help them evaluate their own learning and skill development.

Judging Team - A judging team experience provides members with the opportunity to use decision making skills by comparison. Livestock teams analyze the animal's conformation and potential productivity. Consumer judging teams determine which product is the "best buy" given a certain set of circumstances. Points are also given for oral reasons for the decisions. Possible judging teams include Horse, General Livestock, Dairy, Poultry, Rabbit and Consumer Decision Making.

Leader's Council- Youth and adults representing each of the counties 4-H clubs meet on a county level to discuss program direction, events, activities and issues that will help to build and strengthen the county 4-H program. In some counties, this group is called the 4-H Federation or 4-H Council.

Livestock Quality Assurance and Ethics Training - For 4-H members who are in the livestock projects. It is a training designed to educate the participants on proper handling techniques, animal nutrition and showing ethics. This training is a requirement for any member wishing to exhibit livestock at the MN State Fair.

Minnesota Adult 4-H Volunteer Forum- This annual event is planned by members of Minnesota Adult 4-H Volunteer Association and open to all adults who work with the 4-H program.

Minnesota 4-H Foundation - The Foundation works to generate private funds to support 4-H through businesses, corporations, associations, foundations and individual donors.

Minnesota State Fair - Youth completing 6th grade and older may have the opportunity to advance their exhibit to the Minnesota State Fair according to their placing at County Fair. The twelve day fair is held in St. Paul concluding on Labor Day.

National 4-H Week - The first full week in October is recognized as National 4-H Week and marks the beginning of the 4-H year. Clubs may plan special activities and/or put up displays to increase awareness of the 4-H program.

New Member/Cloverbud Day - A fun day set aside to introduce 4-H to all new members and Cloverbuds.

Newsletter - Information available on-line or in hard copy sent to each 4-H family with news, important announcements, schedule of upcoming events and happenings.

National 4-H Cooperative Curriculum System - Over 190 exciting, experientially based 4-HCCS curriculum products for youth and volunteers are available on this site www.n4hccs.org.

Official 4-H Ear Tag - A special identification tag available in the Extension Office that must be inserted into the ear of beef, sheep, swine projects by ownership deadline if they are to be eligible for exhibition at county and state events.

Project Bowl - Much like a quiz bowl. A team of four youth are asked questions pertaining to their project area. They react quickly by "buzzing in" for the advantage of answering the question. The team with the most points wins. Project Bowls occur in: rabbit, dairy, dairy goat, livestock, dog, poultry, nutrition and horse.

Project Development Committees (PDC) - Volunteers (youth and adult) serve on these committees to determine project area needs, to organize and provide leadership for events or workshops and to design a yearly plan of action.

Project Leader - A youth or adult volunteer who teaches a particular interest or skill to anyone who may wish to learn about a project area.

Project Meetings - Project leaders and/or volunteers hold meetings for members to attend and learn about a particular project area.

Record Books - A booklet that members put together which highlights and explains what they have done throughout the past 4-H year. These books may be turned in at the end of the year for club leaders to evaluate, give suggestions and offer encouragement for the 4-H'ers demonstrated achievements. In many counties 4-H records can be submitted for awards and recognition.

Re-Enrollment - November 15th is the goal to have re-enrollment forms returned to the Extension Office.

Senior - 4-H'ers between 9th grade and one year post high school (except for Shooting Sports which is 10th grade and one year post high school).

Share-The-Fun - A talent or skit performance opportunity offered in many counties where youth "Share-The-Fun" as individuals, a team or a club.

Shooting Sports & Wildlife Invitational - An event held at a selected site in Minnesota which is open to 4-H members who have completed their required hours in specific disciplines. Members compete in events such as Air Rifle and Air Pistol, Archery, BB Gun, .22, Shotgun and Black Powder as well as a Wildlife Project Bowl.

Softball - 4-H clubs (in some counties) may form teams to play one another and end the summer with a tournament.

State Ambassadors - A select group of youth leaders from across the state who conduct trainings and events for other youth. State Ambassadors provide leadership and assistance to the State 4-H Program during YELLO, B.L.U. and the State Fair and are available as a program resource across the state.

State Fair - 4-H members who excel in project judging at the county fair may have the opportunity to exhibit and participate in learning opportunities at the Minnesota State Fair, a twelve day event held annually in St. Paul concluding on Labor Day. The Minnesota State Fair is one of the largest fairs in the Country and provides many opportunities for young people to learn and showcase their accomplishments.

State 4-H Dog Show - Held in St. Paul on the State Fairgrounds. Participants and their dogs earn the opportunity as a result of their superior performance in county competition.

State 4-H Horse Show - An event held in September at the State Fairgrounds in St. Paul open to 4-H Horse Project members who have completed 6th grade and excelled in county level competition earning the chance to advance to the state show.

Summer Camp - Youth may attend a 4-H residential camp located in your area. Encampments are usually two or three days.

Youth Leader - A 4-H'er sixth grade or older who has enrolled in the 4-H Youth Leadership Project and has taken on a leadership role in their club or county.

YELLO-Youth Exploring Leadership and Learning Outloud! - This week-long personal development conference for youth grades sixth and older is held at the 4-H Building on the State Fairgrounds in June. The conference gives delegates an opportunity to listen to outstanding speakers, meet the state 4-H staff, and take part in events in the Twin Cities area.