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Conclusions

These ten strategies illustrate the various mechanisms of preventing, reducing the likelihood of happening, and minimizing the severity and consequences of ACL injuries when they occur. They are all useful when appropriately used, but cannot all be generalized in every situation. The most effective measures are those that would provide built-in, automatic protection, minimizing the frequency and the effort required of the individual’s involvement. We found strategies 1 and 4 and 6 - 10 to be more efficient than the others because they can be applied to individuals in most situations. Furthermore, they focus on all three levels of prevention: primary, secondary and tertiary prevention.