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April 29, 2009

Factors Limiting Estimation of Injury Costs

  • Number of ACL injuries per year is placed at 250,000 in the United States
  • Estimates of the costs for 15 to 24 year old male and female athletes ranged from $1 billion annually in the U.S., not including diagnosis and rehabilitation (CDC, 2006), to roughly $17,000 per injury including the surgery and rehabilitation costs (Parkkari et al., 2008). These estimates do not include the non-dollar costs.
  • Recovery from an ACL injury typically can take as long as a year and can include:
  • emotional difficulties
  • academic problems/loss of scholarship money
  • ACL injured players drop out more quickly than their non-ACL injury teammates, showing a 44% reduction in high-risk sports participation (Giugliano, Solomon, 2007).
  • ACL injured athletes have higher rates of re-injury upon return to the game ranging from 2% to 13% (Giugliano, Solomon, 2007).
  • Rates of osteoarthritis vary widely within 10 to 20 years after the injury: between 10% to as many as 90% of those with a prior ACL injury experiencing osteoarthritis in the joint (Lohmander, et al., 2007).