Learning Web Tech - Definitions
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Web definitions, as defined on Wikipedia and/or Dictionary.com:
Internet = a large computer network linking smaller computer networks worldwide (usually prec. by the).
World Wide Web = a system of interlinked, hypertext documents that runs over the Internet.
Web Server = A computer that is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from clients, which are known as Web browsers, and serving them HTTP responses along with optional data contents, which usually are Web pages such as HTML documents and linked objects (images, etc.).
Host =a company or individual in web hosting who offers web space and sometimes a domain name.
Website = a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet.
Web Page = a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP, a protocol that transfers information from the website's server to display in the user's web browser.
Web Browser = a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, and other information typically located on a web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network.
Podcast = a media file that is distributed by subscription (paid or unpaid) over the Internet using syndication feeds, for playback on mobile devices and personal computers.
Cache = a collection of data duplicating original values stored elsewhere or computed earlier, where the original data is expensive (usually in terms of access time) to fetch or compute relative to reading the cache. Once the data is stored in the cache, future use can be made by accessing the cached copy rather than re-fetching or recomputing the original data, so that the average access time is lower.
HTML = Hyper Text Markup Language (even I knew that one). the predominant markup language for the creation of web pages. It provides a means to describe the structure of text-based information in a document — by denoting certain text as headings, paragraphs, lists, and so on — and to supplement that text with interactive forms, embedded images, and other objects.
XHTML = Extensible HyperText Markup Language is a markup language that has the same depth of expression as HTML, but a stricter syntax.
XML = Extensible Markup Language is a W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language that supports a wide variety of applications.
IP Address = Internet Protocol address, a unique address that devices use in order to identify and communicate with each other on a computer network utilizing the Internet Protocol standard (IP)—in simpler terms, a computer address.
URLs = Uniform Resource Locator is a technical, Web-related term used in two distinct meanings:
in popular usage, it is a widespread synonym for Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) — many popular and technical texts will use the term "URL" when referring to URI;
in strict technical usage, it is a subset of URI specific to identifiers that are primarily locators.
Domain Name = A name that is entered into a computer (e.g. as part of a Web site or other URL, or an e-mail address). These names are technically hostnames.
The product that Domain name registrars provide to their customers. These names are often called registered domain names.
A name which is not a hostname used for other purposes in the Domain Name System (DNS), for example the special names used by Session Initiation Protocol (VoIP) or DomainKeys.
HTTP = Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a method used to transfer or convey information on the World Wide Web. Its original purpose was to provide a way to publish and retrieve HTML pages.
FTP = File Transfer Protocol is used to connect two computers over the Internet so that the user of one computer can transfer files and perform file commands on the other computer.
ISP = An Internet service provider (abbr. ISP, also called Internet access provider or IAP) is a business or organization that provides to consumers access to the Internet and related services.
IPP = Internet Presence Provider, another name for a web host.
Modem = a device that modulates an analogue carrier signal to encode digital information, and also demodulates such a carrier signal to decode the transmitted information.
Cable Modem = a type of modem that provides access to a data signal sent over the cable television infrastructure. Cable modems are primarily used to deliver broadband Internet access, taking advantage of unused bandwidth on a cable television network.
Ethernet = a large, diverse family of frame-based computer networking technologies for local area networks (LANs).
Wireless = any type of electrical or electronic operation which is accomplished without the use of a "hard wired" connection.
CSS = Cascading Style Sheets, used to format HTML, SGML and XML-based documents
Blog = a user-generated website where entries are made in journal style and displayed in a reverse chronological order.
MP3 = a popular digital audio encoding and lossy compression format and algorithm, designed to greatly reduce the amount of data required to represent audio, yet still sound like a faithful reproduction of the original uncompressed audio to most listeners.
JPEG = a commonly used standard method of compression for photographic images. The name JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group.
GIF = Graphics Interchange Format is an 8-bit-per-pixel bitmap image format using a palette of up to 256 distinct colors from the 24-bit RGB color space.
GUI = graphical user interface is a particular case of user interface for interacting with a computer which employs graphical images and widgets in addition to text to represent the information and actions available to the user.
PHP = Hypertext Preprocessor) is a reflective programming language originally designed for producing dynamic Web pages.