1. Prevent creation of the hazard.
Professionally delivered home safety evaluation to reduce environmental hazards and identify home modifications to maximize safety.
2. Reduce amount of the hazard.
Get your medications reviewed by doctor (especially if proprioception ability is affected by the prescribed medicine), walk on flat ground, and avoid traveling on irregular surfaces as much as possible. Modify home for safer and easier access.
3. Prevent release of hazard.
Apply soft material (e.g. carpet) to cover the floor, ensure common pathways are free from clutter, ensure outdoor walkways and stairs are free of leaves, ice, and snow, and secure rugs with tape.
4. Alter release of the hazard from its source.
Eliminate environmental hazards by installing non-slip flooring, placing rubber bathmats on the bathroom floor, keeping the nightlight on, and wearing non-slip footwear.
5. Separate person and hazard in time and space.
Make sure that spills are cleaned up and onstacles are removed as soon as possible. Use medication organisers for dispensing medications.
6. Place barrier between person and the hazard.
Wear proper personal protective equipment and assistive devices when reaching and walking. Install grab bars.
7. Modify basic qualities of the hazard.
Wear appropriate shoes, modify the home by Installing grab bars on tubs and by toilet. Apply contrast strips to all stairs, steps and changes in levels.
8. Strengthen resistance to the hazard.
Exercise regularly to keep muscles warm and to keep body mobile. Strength and balance exercises such as Tai Chi and walking can improve balance and strength. Increase calcium and vitamin D intake to reduce likelihood of a fracture.
9. Detect quickly
Provide first aid training to elder people. Use of personal alarms and a home safety checklist.the provision of efficient emergency services, use of a home safety checklist.
10. Repair the damage.
Exercise and strength training to make the bones more resistant to a second fall/injury. Movement rehabilitation through physical activity to get the individual walking or using the injury body part again.