September 26, 2007

September 26, 2007 - Federal Trade Commission

That tag on your t-shirt does more than just scratch the back of your neck. It is there because of a federal agency, the Federal Trade Commission. On September 26, 1914, President Woodrow Wilson signed into law the Federal Trade Commission Act. This created the Federal Trade Commission whose "mission is to protect consumers from fraudulent or deceptive claims that mislead consumers, and from harmful business practices that undermine the competitive process." The FTC investigates and prosecutes hundreds of cases each year, from telemarketing to apparal companies.

September 24, 2007

September 24, 2007 - Devil's Tower National Monument

On September 24, 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt designated Devil's Tower as the first National Monument. Rising 1267 feet above the Belle Fourche River in eastern Wyoming, over 20 American Indian tribes consider Devil's Tower a sacred place.

The establishment of the National Monument stemmed from a law passed that same year called the Antiquities Act of 1906. Passed on June 8th, the law authorized the President of the United States "to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States to be national monuments...."

Three additional sites were proclaimed in 1906: the Petrified Forest (Arizona), El Morro (New Mexico) and Montezuma Castle (Arizona).

Source: National Park Service

April 26, 2007

"Titanic" Disaster Hearings

S.Doc. 62-726, Serial Set Volume 6167
Full Text

The Titanic wrecked on April 14, 1912. Within five days, hearings on the wreck had begun and they were published within two months of the sinking. Nearly 100 survivors and marine experts testified to produce over 1100 pages of testimony about the wreck. All of the accounts are riveting, starting with the owner of the shipbuilding company who was on the ship when she sank.


April 5, 2007

Manual for Army Horseshoers

Manual for Army Horseshoers. War Department. 1917. W 30.2: Ar 5/2. According to an article in the The Quartermaster Professional Bulletin, on the U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps website, World War I was the last armed conflict in which horses were used in quantity. In fact, the demand for horses actually increased because of the Artillery, the Cavalry and other units.


March 29, 2007

Minnesota's Earthquake of September 3, 1917

Minnesota's only known earthquake was recorded in the September 1917 issue of Climatological Data. Minnesota Section., Department of Agriculture, Weather Bureau. The observer noted that "Practically no damage was done." This publication also contains precipitation, temperature and storm information and continues today. The National Climatic Data Center makes available *.pdf versions of all years of Climatological Data, which for Minnesota, goes back to 1884. If you are in a FDLP library or at an educational institution, you may view these reports online for free.

March 22, 2007

"The Passenger Pigeon"

"The Passenger Pigeon" in the 1911 Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution noted in its introduction that there was one living bird left in 1911. This report marks the beginning of conservation efforts in the United States. You can request the 1911 Annual Report from storage using the information and links in our catalog record. The Smithsonian also has an article at The Passenger Pigeon that includes a picture of Martha, the last bird mentioned in 1911.

March 8, 2007

Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS)

Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) is the official record of the United States' foreign policy. The Department of State has published FRUS since 1861. FRUS can be found in the libraries for 1870-1931 and 1932-present. You can find online versions for 1861-1960 at University of Wisconsin Digital Collections and for 1952-present at the Department of State.