A phenomena, as defined in class, means â€śto show, be seen, or appear.â€? But that fact alone isnâ€™t what makes phenomena so interesting. Many things just appear in our lifetime, everyday in fact, and we are just accustomed to the how and why of that particular thing that we donâ€™t even pay attention. But when something appears and we have no idea how the thing works, that is when a phenomenon becomes, well, phenomenal. We could have every understanding of what makes up something and how it all flows together, and yet we still canâ€™t explain these phenomena that are just there and seem as though they shouldnâ€™t be. The scientific community seems to have a couple of them, which defy everything that scientists have established to be happening or what should be happening. So I figured that is where I will draw my example from, I will use a phenomenon that is completely unsolved and defies all of our logic, and yet is still occurring. There are many good ones, such as The Placebo Effect, The Wow Signal, and Cold Fusion. The one that I find most interesting is the theory of Dark Matter and our universe, a concept that was established in the 1970â€™s. The concept of gravity is that anything with mass-produces a force on any thing around it, an attraction if you will. And the larger an object, the larger the gravitational forces are. Now apply these basic principles to the universe, and everything makes sense. Asteroids are drawn towards the gravity of moons, and moons are held in orbit by the gravity of planets, and all the planets in a solar system revolve around a much larger body, like a star.
But when you apply these principles the entire universe, the whole thing should be theoretically be falling apart. Each galaxy revolves around its central point, and they should all be floating away from one another. And yet there is a central point that was found by Vera Rubin in the late 1970â€™s, a point that seems to keep all of the galaxyâ€™s tied together some how. We just donâ€™t know why this is happening. And that is where the theory of Dark Matter has been established. It is a phenomenon that makes up 90 percent of the universe, and it has no concrete explanation. But scientists have long since figured out the principles that govern most everything else in the universe. The universe is made up of things, all with quantified measurements. Lets look at our Solar system for starters, which is made up of planets, moons, the sun, asteroids, gases, and the occasional meteor and comets. The moon, for instance, has a diameter of 3,474 Kilometers and has a mass of 7.35 x 10^22 Kilograms, is 384, 467 Kilometers away from the Earth, and is likely around 4 billion years old. The Earth, in comparison, has a mass of 5.98 x 10^24 Kilograms and has a diameter of 12,715.43 Kilometers. And all of these things come together to make frameworks. Our solar system is a framework, with all of the eight of our planets making up the solar system (though when I was a kid there were nine planets). Each solar system is a framework of planets and moons that are centered around one or more stars. And the universe itself is a framework, being made up of the smaller frameworks that are galaxies. There are also clockworks involved. Our planet has a clockwork with the moon, and the moon has a set pattern of orbit around the Earth. And the solar systemâ€™s clockwork is made up of the forces of gravity, which keep all of the planets in a set rotation around the sun, which then creates our planetâ€™s clockwork of the seasons in a year.
So it seems that we can explain how the universe works, according to the applied principles of gravity that govern each solar system. But that isnâ€™t what governs the universe; it is governed by some unexplainable phenomenon, which we are just calling Dark Matter. So we can explain, measure and identify all of the things, frameworks, and clockworks that make up our universe, yet there is 90 percent that is unexplainable, which is one magnificent phenomenon.
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