June 2012 Archives

The Supreme Court's decision on Monday about Arizona's immigration law accepted a highly debated piece, tossing out other provisions that they said would interfere with the government's role in creating immigration policy.

The court upheld the critic-named "show me your papers" provision, which requires police to determine the immigration status of anyone they stop or arrest if they suspect they might be in the country illegally, The New York Times said.

The court rejected other provisions that would create criminal penalties for seeking work among other actions, The New York Times said, as well as provisions that would get in the way of the national government setting a common immigration policy.

President Obama showed concern that the court allowed one of the most controversial provisions to pass, but showed praise that others were denied, The Los Angeles Times said.

Mitt Romney, Obama's Republican competitor in the upcoming presidential election, expressed distaste at the rejection of provisions that would allow states to create their own immigration laws.

"Each state has the duty -- and the right -- to secure our borders and preserve the rule of law, particularly when the federal government has failed to meet its responsibilities," he said in a written statement Monday.

Between Romney and Obama, Romney is in the tougher position because of his previously stated strong stance against illegal immigration, The Los Angeles Times said.


Analysis: Attribution

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The Star Tribune's article about the flooding in Duluth has many examples of effective attribution use.

Anyone with a title is named, such as Governor Mark Dayton and Duluth Mayor Don Ness, and spokesmen from the National Weather Service and other organizations. "Authorities" is commonly used, rather than providing a specific name for the source.

Sources are not very scattered throughout this story. For example, quotes from Ness appear together in a section of his announcements. Some other sources are spotted within the same area, but do not affect the clumping of his quotes.

Information is from people in this article, particularly representatives and officials. Locals do not provide input in this article and are not even interviewed, leaving the information to be gathered from more authoritative positions.

The reporter of this story sets up attribution in many ways. Some have the attribution after a quote or summary, often immediately followed by another quote or summary:

--------- "The damage to both the public and private property is going to be extensive," Duluth Mayor Don Ness said, adding that the city likely will need help from the federal government to clean up the mess from the heaviest two-day rainfall in nearly 150 years. ---------

Other times, the attribution comes before the information is given:

--------- Dan Miller, a spokesman for the National Weather Service in Duluth, said the rain started in the area shortly after 6 p.m. Tuesday and poured heavily and steadily for nearly 18 hours. ---------

The combination of these ways to provide attribution is effective. It makes the story feel less repetitive and keeps my interest better. It is not a confusing method, as everything is attributed clearly keeping the subject with their quote, making this combination of style also very practical.

Oklahoma Train Crash Leaves One Dead, Three Missing

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GOODWELL, Okla. -- One person died and three Union Pacific crewmembers were missing after two freight trains collided in Oklahoma and caught fire Sunday morning.

Two train engineers and a conductor were unaccounted for after two trains, one carrying a resin solution, collided shortly after 10 a.m. Sunday, Union Pacific spokeswoman Raquel Espinoza said.

One person was killed, though their identity has not been released, News On 6 said.

Officers searched around the scene for the missing crewmembers, said Betsy Randolph, an Oklahoma Highway Patrol trooper. "We're hoping they may have jumped off the train," she said.

Firemen were on scene to control the fire that burst out after the crash and doused the unignited resin solution as a precaution, Espinoza said.

The train wrecks could explode, so authorities warned locals to not visit the scene.

Former governor Tim Pawlenty said Sunday that he told Mitt Romney's campaign to look elsewhere for a vice president running mate, The Star Tribune said.

Pawlenty, former Minnesota governor, believes he could better help he Republican party in other ways, The Associated Press said.

Being asked to partner up with Romney would be an honor, Pawlenty said, but he has encouraged the campaign to look at other contenders.

Mohamed Morsi of the Islamic Brotherhood won Egypt's first free presidential election on Sunday, holding just under 52 percent of the votes.

Celebrations broke out in Tahrir Square, the "heart of the revolution", after the announcement of Morsi's victory, The Washington Post said.

The announcement also marked an end to a week of tension as Egyptians waited to hear the results of their votes for Morsi or Ahmed Shafiq, Hosni Mubarak's former prime minister, The Star Tribune said.

"I am a president of all Egyptians," Morsi said on Egyptian television Sunday morning, adding that he will respect all international agreements, The Star Tribune said.

Morsi will have to joust with the military in order to get back presidential powers that they removed after the election, and form a cabinet which military generals will want leverage in, The Washington Post said.

"I will serve all Egypt. There will be no distinction between anybody," Morsi said in his victory speech. "National unity is the only way to get Egypt out of this difficult time."

Sandusky Found Guilty of 45 Counts of Sexual Abuse

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Former Penn State Assistant Coach Jerry Sandusky was convicted Friday of 45 counts of child sex abuse to 10 boys over a 15 year period.

The jurors, three quarters of which have ties to Penn State, found Sandusky guilty to all but three counts of child sex abuse against him, The Associated Press said.

Sandusky, 68, is likely to spend the rest of his life in prison, The Associated Press said.

Sandusky will be in jail until his sentencing hearing in about three months because Judge John Cleland revoked his bail, the Star-Telegram said.

Eight men testified against Sandusky for doing everything from kissing and groping to oral sex and anal rape, The Associated Press said.

The defense argued that Sandusky helped troubled children in Second Mile, a charity he founded, and that the accusers had made up their child sex abuse stories as a way to collect money from Penn State in settlements, the Star-Telegram said.

Sandusky's Adopted Son Claims He Was Abused Too

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BELLAFONTE, Pa. -- One of Jerry Sandusky's adopted sons claimed that he too was abused by Sandusky, the son's lawyers said on Thursday.

Matt Sandusky, 33, contacted lawyers Andrew Shubin and Justine Andronici during the trial in order to arrange a meeting between them, the prosecutors, and the investigators, to tell them that he was also a victim of Sandusky's abuse, Shubin and Andronici said in a statement.

Matt Sandusky volunteered to testify but was not called to the stand in the trial, The New York Times said.

Matt had originally denied abuse after the case went public last fall, The New York Times said.

While Matt did not testify, new charges agains Jerry Sandusky may form from his claim, The New York Times said.

Matt was adopted at 18 after being a foster child in Sandusky's home through The Second Mile charity that was founded by Sandusky and aimed to help troubled youth, The Detroit Free Press said.

The Second Mile charity is also where Sandusky found his victims, prosecutors said.


Duluth: A Flooded Mess

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Flooding on Tuesday and Wednesday in the Duluth area has caused the closing of roads, evacuating of homes, and the zoo in a state of loss.

Five to nine inches of rain have fallen in the past 12 hours in the Duluth area. All forms of travel are discouraged, and some residents have been asked to evacuate their homes, the Star Tribune said.

Animals at the Lake Superior Zoo in Duluth have escaped, including a polar bear and a seal, both of which have been located and returned. Many of the zoo's animals died as well, including a great number of the barnyard exhibit's animals, CBS News said.

"The greatest danger or concern at this point is that it is washing out the roadbeds beneath the concrete," Duluth Mayor Don Ness said. While the roads may look normal from the surface, sinkholes are brewing below, waiting for a car to cause the road to collapse. "At this point, that's our primary concern in terms of safety."

Duluth will most likely need help from the federal government, Ness said. "It'll likely take us weeks if not months to fully understand the extent of the damage."

Analysis: Leads

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The lead for an article in The New York Times about Friday's shooting on the University of Alberta campus provides information relevant to the main line of the story, leaving out unnecessary details.

The lead rightfully includes the "what", stating that Canadian police are searching for someone and that three people were shot and killed with a fourth critically injured in a robbery attempt.

Also included is the "when". The shooting and robbery attempt was early in the morning and police searched on Friday afternoon.

The "where" is given, stating that the even took place in Edmonton, Alberta at a a university residence and student services center.

No names were given, though the victims and suspects were identified as being security company employees.

The types of injuries were not specified, as they are unimportant in comparison to other elements of this news story. The lead does include, however, that three of them died and the fourth is in critical condition.

The fact that this shooting took place on a university campus was not strongly emphasized, placing the detail of "university residence and student services center" towards the end of the lead and not stating on which university campus the shooting took place.

Turkish Prison Fire Kills 13 Inmates

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Inmates in a Turkish prison set fire to mattresses and blankets, killing 13 prisoners.

The bedding was reportedly set on fire in protest of poor living conditions in the prison, The Guardian said.

The prison, in Sanliurfa province, has a capacity of 600 but is currently housing over 1,000 prisoners. The area of the prison where the fire started is meant for 12 inmates, but housed 18, 13 of whom were killed, The New York Times said.

The five inmates that survived were brought to the hospital for treatment of their smoke inhalation. They had "sought refuge" in a bathroom, The Guardian said.

Rodney King Dies at 47

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Rodney King, whose beating by police in 1991 led to the slew of 1992 race riots in Los Angeles, was found at the bottom of his swimming pool and later pronounced dead early Sunday at age 47, The New York Times said.

King's fiancee called the police reporting that his body was at the bottom of his home pool in Rialto, Calif., CBS News said.

Police officers removed him from the pool and performed CPR. Fire paramedics brought King to Arrowhead Regional Medical Center where he was later pronounced dead, CBS News said.

Runner Berhanu Girma of Ethiopia won Grandma's Marathon on Saturday after competitor Lamech Mokono of Kenya swallowed water wrong, costing him the race.

Mokono and Girma were in a two-man race at mile 19, becoming a one-man race at the 22-mile mark, with Girma taking the lead, the Star Tribune said.

Mokono, winner of the 2008 race, lost the lead on Saturday as he took a drink of water that went down wrong at an aid station near the 19-mile mark, The Associated Press said.

The gulp of water went down wrong and almost caused him to collapse, Mokono told the Star Tribune.

Girma did not expect to win the marathon until witnessing Mokono's drinking mishap, the Associated press said.

Girma finished first with a time of 2 hours, 12 minutes, 25 seconds. Mokono finished third with a time of 2 hours, 13 minutes, 28 seconds.

Hmong Pilots Saluted, Reunite in Maplewood

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Hmong fighter pilots were thanked by U.S. Air Force officials for their help in the "Secret War" while they reunited in Maplewood on Saturday.

The 38 attending pilots came from across the country to reunite and receive letters of recognition and thanks from the U.S. Air Force's Chief of Staff, Gen. Norton Schwartz, for their assistance in the Vietnam War, the Star Tribune said.

"It's just a bit too late, in my opinion," pilot Ya Lee of Vadnais Heights reported to the Pioneer Press about their recognition.

After the war the pilots were to be killed by the Communist-run Vietnamese, but went to the U.S., the Pioneer Press said.

At their gathering they reflected on their time in the war and soldiers lost. They made plans for future reunions, assuring they would be more frequent from then on, the Star Tribune said.

A shooting at the University of Alberta on Friday left three security guards dead and one injured, and their co-worker is the suspected shooter.

The victims were G4S Cash Solutions employees who were servicing cash machines on campus after their co-worker, Travis Brandon Baumgartner, disappeared with one of the company's armored trucks, The New York Times said.

The shootings took place after midnight in a large residence hall that is partially a shopping mall on the university's campus, CBC News said.

Volunteers of a campus security program attempted to help the victims but did not have access to the locked service room where they lay, so they contacted campus security, CBC news said.

Baumgartner, 21, was a person of interest and is now a leading suspect. The Canada Border Services Agency and U.S. border security are searching for him along with Canadian police.

Cougars Are Spreading Out, Moving In

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Cougars are moving to the midwest where they haven't thrived for 100 years, according to The Associated Press, as seen in The Missourian. 178 sightings have been documented between 1990 and 2008, the Star Tribune says.

As focused on in the Star Tribune article, few females are participating in the long-distance move from the Rockies to the midwest. Male cougars more commonly travel long distances, searching for habitable land and a mate, coming from areas that have reached their cougar capacities -- such as the Black Hills of South Dakota and the Badlands of North Dakota. These types of movements are called "steppingstones".

While The Star Tribune discusses the migration's affect on cougar population, The Associated Press investigates the affect these moves have on local citizen lives. From a decrease in huntable deer to the cougar-caused death of livestock, inhabitants of the midwest can expect to be affected by cougars in one way or another.

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