Thousands of Norwegians gathered at memorials on Sunday to commemorate the anniversary of the massacre that left 77 dead a year ago.
About 1,500 people went to Utoya Island, where gunman Anders Behring Breivik killed 69 people one year ago, while thousands more gathered at a memorial in Oslo, the Wall Street Journal said.
"The bomb and the shots were intended to change Norway. People responded by embracing our values. He failed, the people won," Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg said to a crowd at the memorial in Oslo, Reuters reported.
Along with the shootings on Utoya Island, Breivik killed eight people with a bomb that went off outside parliament, Reuters reported.
"Very few people can go through a day without thinking of the events of July 22," said Vegard Groeslie Wennesland, who had escaped Breivik on Utoya Island by barricading himself in a cabin with about 50 others, Reuters said.
"You know, a person you miss, someone you were supposed to hang out with or seek advice from or anything like this. Or something that just reminds you of what happened."