August 30, 2005

Intertrigo and Common Secondary Skin Infections

Intertrigo is inflammation of skinfolds caused by skin-on-skin friction. It is a common skin condition affecting opposing cutaneous or mucocutaneous surfaces. Intertrigo may present as diaper rash in children. The condition appears in natural and obesity-created body folds. The friction in these folds can lead to a variety of complications such as secondary bacterial or fungal infections. The usual approach to managing intertrigo is to minimize moisture and friction with absorptive powders such as cornstarch or with barrier creams. Patients should wear light, nonconstricting, and absorbent clothing and avoid wool and synthetic fibers. Physicians should educate patients about precautions with regard to heat, humidity, and outside activities. Physical exercise usually is desirable, but patients should shower afterward and dry intertriginous areas thoroughly. Wearing open-toed shoes can be beneficial for toe web intertrigo. Secondary bacterial and fungal infections should be treated with antiseptics, antibiotics, or antifungals, depending on the pathogens. (Am Fam Physician 2005;72:833-8, 840. Copyrightę 2005 American Academy of Family Physicians.)

Read more...American Family Physician

Posted by gruwell at 10:58 PM

August 26, 2005

New Report on Soy Finds Limited Evidence for Health Outcomes

8/24/2005 12:35:00 PM

To: National Desk, Health Reporter

Contact: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Office of Public Affairs, 301-427-1241 or 301-427-1855, Web: http://www.ahrq.gov

WASHINGTON, Aug. 24 /U.S. Newswire/ -- Daily consumption of soy protein found in tofu and other soybean products may result in a small reduction in low-density lipoprotein (LDL, known as bad cholesterol) and triglyceride levels, according to a new evidence review supported by HHS' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. In addition, isoflavones found in soy may reduce the frequency of hot flashes in post-menopausal women. However, the available studies on the health impacts of soy were limited in number, of poor quality, or their duration was too short to lead to definite conclusions.

Read more...U.S. Newswire

Posted by gruwell at 8:45 AM

Study Links Daydreaming, Alzheimer's

By CHERYL WITTENAUER, Associated Press Writer

ST. LOUIS -- Scientists who set out to explore changes in the brain as Alzheimer's disease progresses got a surprise: a possible link between daydreaming and the degenerative brain disease that robs memory, language and thought.

A new Washington University study shows the part of the brain used to daydream is the same where Alzheimer's disease develops -- in some people -- later in life. It suggests the normal brain activity of daydreaming fuels the sequence of events leading to Alzheimer's.

"The implication, albeit a speculative one, is that those activity patterns in young adults are the foothold onto which Alzheimer's disease forms," said lead researcher Randy Buckner, associate professor of psychology. He said they may lead to a life-long cascade that ends in Alzheimer's disease in some people.

"It suggests a new hypothesis and opens an avenue in exploration," Buckner said. "By no means is it definitive."

The study appears in this week's The Journal of Neuroscience.

Read more...latimes.com

Posted by gruwell at 8:42 AM

August 20, 2005

Top Ten Medical Devices We Miss

Medicine is always trying to improve, and sometimes that means discarding some fond procedures and medical devices that are no longer acceptable to today's evidence-based practice. So, inspired by a list of discarded technology at C|Net, we'd like to start the nostalgia over medical devices and procedures we miss (or, in most cases, never got to use):

Read more...medGadget

Posted by gruwell at 11:32 PM

August 17, 2005

Family-based treatments are effective for substance abuse

Family-based treatments are effective for substance abuse and conduct disorders in children and adolescents, according to a new, ten-year research review released this week. The treatment also helps reduce the behavior problems associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and shows promise in treating depression and anxiety.

"There are some myths about family therapy, and one of them is that it's not effective," said Allan Josephson, M.D., chief executive officer of the Bingham Child Guidance Center in Louisville and co-author of the study. "However, the empirical support for its success has been growing. This paper documents that counseling and working with families is not only an intuitively good idea--there's scientific evidence for its effectiveness in specific conditions."

Dr. Josephson spoke today in New York City at the American Medical Association and National PTA media briefing, Back to School: Child and Adolescent Health. The study will be published in the September issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

Read more...News-Medical.Net

Posted by gruwell at 3:34 PM

August 8, 2005

ER heart-attack guidelines simplified

By ANDREW DAMSTEDT

WASHINGTON, Aug. 5 (UPI) -- Simplified guidelines authored by a University of Cincinnati physician could help physicians treat and prevent heart attacks in patients.

Dr. Brian Gibler, chairman of UC's Department of Emergency Medicine, said the guidelines were a streamlined version of the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association's guidelines.

Read more...Science Daily

Posted by gruwell at 12:27 PM