The Two-Factor Learning-Hannah Weiger

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As we learned with classical conditioning. Pavlov conditioned his dogs to salivate with just the ticking of a metronome. He did this by pairing the ticking of the metronome (conditioned stimulus) with the presence of the meat powder (unconditioned stimulus). When the dog was presented with the meat powder, he/she salivated (unconditioned response). After many trials of conditioning, the dogs eventually salivated at the sound of the metronome only. This salivation was now the conditioned response. This same aspect can be applied in factor one of the two-factor learning theory to how people acquire drug tolerance. The concept is called Shepard Siegal's Pavlovian theory of drug tolerance. The conditioned stimulus is the pre-drug event, the unconditioned stimulus is the drug itself and the unconditioned response is the drug effect. The conditioned response is then a compensatory response, which produces opposite effects of what the drug does and reduces the strength of the drug effect. Then, if the CS appears alone without the UCS, the CR occurs all alone. This is factor two of the two-factor learning theory, operant conditioning of the avoidance response. Just the drug associated event can lead to withdrawal symptoms (compensatory response) and then drug taking to escape withdrawal is maintained by negative reinforcement.

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The title's supposed to say two-factor learning THEORY

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This page contains a single entry by weig0102 published on October 20, 2011 12:35 PM.

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