Kholberg's stages of moral development

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Lawrence Kholberg devised a theory of how moral development changes over a person's lifespan. His theory divided morality into three levels that contain sublevels. People are placed into certain levels based on their reasons for certain actions and not on the actions themselves. People in the first level tend to focus on the immediate consequences and how the individual is affected. People in the second level tend to focus on social rules and how society is affected. People in the third stage view people as separate from society and feel that exceptions can be made to societies rules.
One major criticism of Kholberg's stages is from Carol Gilligan, who argued that it was biased against women due to the differences in approaches to moral problems by each gender. Kholberg's model found males to be more morally advanced then females, which Gilligan argued was because women viewed morality using different terms then men. A problem with Gilligan's argument is that, when corrected for education, women scored the same as men on Kholberg's scale. Even with this problem, Gilligan's criticism may be accurate, because moral development may be different based on gender.
Another criticism is that Kholberg's stags is that it is culturally biased. While each culture appears to progress through the stages in the same order, different cultures progressed though at different rates and reached different levels. This criticism may have merit because Kholberg's stages are based on Western cultures and may not match the morality of non-Western cultures. Other cultures may split from Kholberg's stages at the point that they appear to stop at.
I feel that Kholberg's theory is a theory that may have some flaws but can be applicable in many situations. I agree with it's progression from a self based reasoning, to a societal based reasoning, to a reasoning that transcends social rules. Even with it's flaws it is useful as long as you remain aware of it's possible shortcomings.

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This is an excellent analysis of Kohlberg's stages of moral development. I also definitely agree with its progression of the three stages and try to live my life using this model. The shortcomings you mentioned are definitely noteworthy and must be kept in mind when using this model. It would be interesting to find out whether a similar model is used in different cultures and if so, what its stages are.

This is an excellent analysis of Kohlberg's stages of moral development. I also definitely agree with the progression of stages and try to live my life using this model. The possible shortcomings you mentioned are definitely noteworthy and must be kept in mind when using this model. It would be interesting to see if similar models are used in different cultures and if so, what the stages of these models are.

This was great blog post and a great breakdown of Kohlberg's stages of moral development. However, I do think that there are basic differences in the stages when it comes to differences in cultures and environments. Of course his stages showed that men were more morally developed that women, that was due to differences in language and terminology, all of which are not universal and do not have the same universal meanings.

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