Chapter 15 summary - January 24, 2012 -Psychology 1001
Chapter 15 discusses psychological disorders. The chapter starts off by giving examples of different types of psychological disorders such as: panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or bipolar disorder. The textbook offers five criteria that psychologists use to define psychological disorders. The criteria are: statistical rarity, subjective distress, impairment, societal disapproval, biological dysfunction. Text then discusses how disorders were viewed and treated throughout history. People suffering from disorders were often thought to be inflicted with evil spirits and were treated with equally foolish methods. Text then discusses different syndromes that exist across different cultures. Text offers some corrections to common misconceptions regarding psychological disorders and the symptoms/treatments involved with these disorders. The book also discusses several popular culture icons like Tiger Woods and Andrea Yates who have recently been in the news because of their psychological disorder. The text spends considerable time discussing somewhat common disorders such as depression, generalized anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or posttraumatic stress disorder. The text continues discussing more illnesses and the corresponding symptoms. The text spends a considerable amount of time discussing various other psychological disorders and their causes and symptoms. The book discusses suicides and which people are most likely to be at risk of committing suicide. It also discusses ADHD and autism. The book also discusses some different forms of disorders that can cause people to become violent.